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For Immediate Release
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Iran Must Release or Try US Hikers Held Without Charge for a Year, Says Amnesty International


Amnesty International has
called on the Iranian authorities to release three U.S.
nationals who have been detained without charge or trial for a year.

Shane Michael Bauer, Joshua Felix Fattal and Sarah Emily Shourd were arrested
by Iranian forces while they were hiking in the Iraq-Iran border area on
July 31, 2009.

"One year from their arrest it appears clear that the Iranian
authorities do not have substantial grounds to prosecute these three individuals,
and we fear that they may be held on account of their nationality,"
said Malcolm Smart, director of Amnesty International's Middle East and
North Africa Program. "If so, they should be released immediately
and allowed to leave Iran."

"If they are not to be freed, they must be charged with recognizably criminal
offenses and tried according to international standards for a fair trial,"
said Smart.

Statements by senior Iranian leaders --
including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in February 2010 --
have suggested that the three may be in detention in order to put pressure
on the U.S.
government and to extract diplomatic concessions.

"If this were the case, then the continuing detention of these three
individuals would amount to hostage-taking and be a very serious abuse
of human rights," said Smart.

The Iranian authorities' failure to charge them with illegal entry into
Iran or more serious charges, such as espionage, one year after their arrest,
has fuelled speculation that the Iranian authorities are holding them as
a bargaining chip.

Iranian officials have alleged that the three planned to carry out "acts
of espionage" in Iran. Their families and the U.S.
government deny this and the three have not been formally charged.

Iran claims that the three were arrested after straying into Iran, but
that has been challenged by The Nation, an American weekly news
publication, which said it has eyewitness testimony that the hikers were
seized in Iraq by Iranian Revolutionary Guards and taken forcibly into

"We believe that their questioning
ended several months ago, so if serious charges were being considered these
should have been brought by now,"
said Smart.

The three are held at Tehran's Evin Prison. They were allowed to call
their families several months after their arrest,
but in May 2010 they were taken to a Tehran hotel and allowed to meet their
mothers who had travelled to Iran from the United States.

An Iranian lawyer appointed by their families to represent the three has
not been given access to them and Swiss embassy officials, who represent
consular interests in Iran, have not been allowed to visit them since last

The families of two of the detainees, Sarah Shourd and Shane Bauer, say
they have health problems which require regular monitoring.

"The detainees must be given immediate access to their lawyer, to
renewed consular access and contact with their families, and to any medical
attention or treatment that they need," said Smart.

"The Iranian authorities must release these three U.S.
nationals without delay and allow them to leave Iran unless they are to
face recognizable criminal charges and be tried promptly according to recognized
international standards for fair trial."

Amnesty International is a global movement of millions of people demanding human rights for all people - no matter who they are or where they are. We are the world's largest grassroots human rights organization.

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