February, 25 2009, 12:31pm EDT
Stimulus Funds Should Go To Improving Education For Poor And Minority Communities, Says ACLU
Extending Human Rights Policies Essential To Fulfilling International Treaty Obligations
funds included in the stimulus bill should be used to further human
rights policies in the schools, including programs to close achievement
gaps and to improve the quality of education for poor and minority
communities across the country, according to a letter the American
Civil Liberties Union sent today to Secretary of Education Arne Duncan.
According to the letter, the
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provides an "opportunity not
only to make the distribution of educational funds more equitable, but
to fulfill fundamental U.S. human rights treaty obligations."
The ACLU's recommendations include
creating innovative human rights education programs to help teachers
incorporate universal human rights values into their curriculum
materials and addressing the inequitable implementation and provision
of education at the federal, state and local levels.
The ACLU's letter is available online at: www.aclu.org/intlhumanrights/racialjustice/38829lgl20090225.html
The full text of the letter is as follows:
February 25, 2009
Mr. Arne Duncan
United States Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20202
RE: Using ARRA Funds to Meet Human Rights Obligations in Education
Dear Mr. Secretary,
We write to congratulate you on your
appointment as President Obama's Secretary of Education, and to express
our sincere hope that you will use the unprecedented opportunity
presented by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to
further the realization of human rights norms in the U.S. In
particular, we urge you to use the education funds in ARRA to close the
achievement gaps in the education system and to improve the quality of
education of poor and minority communities across the country, a
campaign promise made by the President. Such a commitment will have
the effect of helping the U.S. to meet its international obligations
under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Achieving quality education for
every child in America is a crucial human rights goal that is
consistent with President Obama's stated positions. As President Obama
said in his Howard University Convocation speech in September 2007: "It
will take a movement to finish what began in Topeka, Kansas and Little
Rock, Arkansas. It will take a movement of Americans from every city
and town, of every race and background to stand up and say that no
matter what you look like or where you come from, every child in
America should have the opportunity to receive the best education this
country has to offer. Every child."
With the passage of ARRA, your
department has the opportunity not only to make the distribution of
educational funds more equitable, but to fulfill fundamental U.S. human
rights treaty obligations. Under CERD, a fundamental international
human rights treaty to which the U.S. is party, federal agencies must
review their policies and amend or repeal regulations that have the
effect of creating or perpetuating racial discrimination, including
those that affect racial and ethnic minorities, indigenous people,
women, and immigrant non-citizens. Every four years, the CERD treaty's
monitoring committee (CERD Committee) reviews the U.S. government's
compliance. In February 2008, the U.S. appeared before the CERD
Committee and reported on its record under CERD and on March 7, 2008,
the CERD Committee issued its findings, or Concluding Observations, on
the U.S.' compliance with the treaty obligations. The Committee
pressed the U.S. to improve in several areas, including its inadequate
implementation and provision of education at the federal, state, and
local levels - one of five matters on which our government was to
report within one year. In particular, the Committee focused on the
adoption and strengthening the use of affirmative action programs to
eliminate discrimination and allowing school districts to voluntarily
promote school integration. The U.S. is to submit its next periodic
report and detail progress made on all other issues in 2011.
ARRA offers an unprecedented
opportunity to take the obligations of CERD and the recommendations of
the CERD Committee into account with regard to the distribution of
these educational funds. In your confirmation testimony before the
Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, you
correctly called education the "civil rights issue of our generation -
the only sure path out of poverty and the only way to achieve a more
equal and just society." To promote this enlightened view of education
and to achieve conformance with basic human rights standards, the U.S.
government should create a more equitable distribution of funds and
target them in such a way as to address the compelling concerns cited
in the Concluding Observations.
Beyond these fundamental and
obligatory goals, using the discrete funding set aside for teacher
quality enhancement and incentive and innovation grants, the Department
could also create visionary and innovative special human rights
education programs that could help teachers incorporate universal human
rights values into their curriculum materials. Values such as the
right to dignity and the right to equality, neglected by the previous
administration, would not only meet this universal standard, but also
mirror the best of American traditions.
Several human rights organizations,
such as Amnesty International USA and the U.S. Human Rights Network,
have created successful human rights education and training models in
schools, universities, and other educational settings. Yet the
responsibility for developing human rights educational programs should
not fall exclusively to NGOs. Official governmental embrace of
fundamental international human rights such as the right to be free
from racial discrimination sends a very different message than the mere
creation, sponsorship, or promotion of these programs by
non-governmental entities. Many NGOs stand ready to work closely with
the government in developing such educational programs and ensuring
their effective implementation.
This is a historic opportunity to
break with the failed policies of the Bush administration and provide
necessary resources aimed at providing equal opportunity for all in a
safe, integrated, and equitable educational system. We welcome the
opportunity to discuss with you and with officials in your department
the ways in which human rights can strengthen the work of your
department and advance your work in educating the nation's children.
We would be pleased to meet with you
and your staff to offer suggestions for addressing compliance with CERD
educational recommendations through the use of ARRA funds. Please
contact Michael Macleod-Ball at 202-675-2309 if you should have
questions or comments or if you wish to advance the discussion on these
Director, Washington Legislative Office
Michael W. Macleod-Ball
Chief Legislative and Policy Counsel
Director, Human Rights Program
cc: Melody Barnes, Domestic Policy Advisor
The American Civil Liberties Union was founded in 1920 and is our nation's guardian of liberty. The ACLU works in the courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to all people in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.(212) 549-2666
"After a delay, obstacles to release of prisoners were overcome through Qatari-Egyptian contacts with both sides," a Qatari spokesperson said.
Nov 25, 2023
Despite an initial delay, the second round of hostages were released by Hamas on Saturday night.
The group included 13 Israelis and four foreign nationals believed to be Thai, Middle East Eyereported. Israel also began to release 39 Palestinian prisoners in exchange as the second day of a four-day cease-fire concluded.
"After a delay, obstacles to release of prisoners were overcome through Qatari-Egyptian contacts with both sides," Majed Al Ansari, a spokesperson for Qatar's foreign ministry, tweeted, adding that the hostages were transferred to the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The Israeli military confirmed to The Associated Press that the hostages reached Israel after midnight local time. The hostages included seven children and six women, the office of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said. One of the hostages, a young girl named Emily Hand, was previously believed dead by her father.
The swap appeared to be in danger earlier in the day when Hamas said that Israel had not allowed enough aid to enter northern Gaza, which has taken the brunt of the Israeli military's force since October 7, when Hamas attacked Israel, killing 1,200 and taking around 240 hostages. Israel has since killed more than 14,800 Palestinians in Gaza in its response. The two sides have agreed to a four-day cease-fire beginning Friday that will see a total of 50 Hamas-held hostages and 150 Israeli-held Palestinians released.
In explaining the delay, Hamas also said that Israel had not released enough long-serving prisoners.
"Civilians should not be pawns in a deadly standoff between warring parties who flout basic principles of humanity."
"This is putting the deal in danger," said Osama Hamdan, a senior Hamas official in Beirut, as AP reported.
Sari Bashi, the program director of Human Rights Watch, criticized both sides for the delay.
"Hamas is obligated to release hostages, whether or not aid enters Gaza," Bashi tweeted. "The Israeli government is obligated to supply Gaza with aid, whether or not hostages are released. Civilians should not be pawns in a deadly standoff between warring parties who flout basic principles of humanity."
However, Egypt, Qatar, and Hamas later said everything had been resolved and the exchange would go forward, according to AP, sparking great relief from the hostages' friends and families.
"I was very nervous when I heard about the delay. I thought something would happen," Zohar, a classmate of 18-year-old Israeli hostage Noga Weiss, told Channel 13 TV, as AP reported. "It was a great relief when I saw her."
Egypt had also said earlier in the day that it had received "positive signals" from both sides about a possible extension of the cease-fire, Reuters reported. Netanyahu had previously said the pause would extend one day for every extra 10 hostages that Hamas releases.
Hamas said it expected Israel to release six women and 33 teenage boys on the second day of exchanges, AP reported.
One of the prisoners released Saturday was Shorouq Dwayyat, the Palestinian woman who had been held in an Israeli jail the longest, Middle East Eye reported. Dwayyat was first arrested eight years ago when she was 18. Israel claimed she stabbed a settler, which her family denies.
"We send a message to our people in Gaza that we stand by your side and support you," Duwiyat said upon returning home, as AP reported.
Another woman released by Israel was Israa Jaabis, who was arrested in 2015 with burns covering half her body, according to Middle East Eye. Jaabis' family said that she was burned when a defective cylinder of cooking gas ignited near a checkpoint, while Israel accused her of attempting a bombing. Israeli forces raided Jaabis' home ahead of her release, forcing any journalists or distant relatives to leave.
Police also raided the home of Marah Bkeer before her release Friday, Reuters reported.
"There is no real joy, even this little joy we feel as we wait," her monther, Sawsan Bkeer, told reporters. "We are still afraid to feel happy."
Dwayyat told reporters that Israel had threatened to re-arrest the released prisoners if they celebrated, according to Middle East Eye.
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The Adoptaxolotl 2024 campaign invites donors to adopt a threatened salamander for around 600 pesos, or $35.
Nov 25, 2023
Ecologists in Mexico relaunched a campaign Thursday to protect the axolotl, an iconic Mexican underwater salamander threatened with extinction.
The Adoptaxolotl 2024 campaign invites donors to adopt a threatened salamander for around 600 pesos, or $35, The Associated Press reported. A virtual adoption comes with regular updates on the amphibian's well-being. Axolotl lovers can also buy one of the salamanders a dinner or purchase axolotl-themed t-shirts, bandannas, and mugs.
"The axolotl is at critical risk of extinction," Luis Zambrano González, who works at the Biology Institute of Mexico's National Autonomous University (UNAM), told the UNAM Gazette. "For this reason we need to understand its conservation as something that all of society is responsible for, to care for its habitat and develop strategies to allow people to relate more to these animals."
"Thanks to these surveys we realized that the amphibian is on the edge of extinction, and if we don't do something we will soon lose it in the wild."
There are 18 different species of axolotls in Mexico, and nearly all of them are considered critically endangered, according to AP. The salamander is famous for its unique appearance, as well as its ability to grow back severed limbs. Scientists believe that studying the axolotls' ability may help them to repair tissue damage or aid in cancer recovery, but they will have to work fast to uncover their secrets.
Zambrano told the UNAM Gazette that axolotl numbers had rapidly declined in surveys: from 6,000 per square kilometer in 1998 to 36 in 2014, a decline of 99.5% in less than two decades.
"Thanks to these surveys we realized that the amphibian is on the edge of extinction, and if we don't do something we will soon lose it in the wild," Zambrano said.
The campaign, which is organized by UNAM scientists, raised more than 450,000 pesos, or $26,300, last year to launch a captive breeding program and to restore habitat in the ancient canals of the southern Mexico City district of Xochimilco, according to AP.
The scientists said that the salamanders in Xochimilco were in danger because their habitat was menaced by urbanization, pollution, and invasive species, the UNAM Gazette reported.
"There is no more time for Xochimilco," Zambrano told AP.
So far, researchers have restored 40 floating islands and 5.5 kilometers of canal, created 36 biodiversity refuges, and installed 71 filters to improve water quality, the UNAM Gazette reported.
Axolotls are also susceptible to the chrytid fungus behind mass amphibian deaths worldwide, according to AP.
Scientists say more research is needed to truly know the extent of the damage to the axolotls' habitat and the risk to the all of the species.
Alejandro Calzada, who works for the Mexican government monitoring less popular species of axolotl, told AP that his team of nine is not able to monitor all the streams in Mexico City or the country as a whole.
"What I know is that we have to work urgently," Calzada said.
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The exchange came on the first day of a Qatari-brokered four-day cease-fire that is slated to see at least 50 Israeli hostages exchanged for at least 150 Palestinian women and children held in Israel.
Nov 25, 2023
The first 24 Israeli hostages held by Hamas in Gaza were released Friday evening in exchange for 39 Palestinian women and children held in Israeli prisons.
The exchange came on the first day of a Qatari-brokered four-day cease-fire that is slated to see at least 50 Israeli hostages exchanged for at least 150 Palestinian women and children held in Israel. The office of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has said that the pause would be extended a day for every additional 10 hostages released.
"It's a sign of hope for Palestinians and Israelis that the cease-fire will continue and the killing will stop," Mohammed Khatib, who watched the release of the first Palestinian prisoners Friday, toldBBC News.
"I'm very happy of course, but I feel devastated by how that deal was reached… at the cost of our brothers' and sisters' lives in Gaza."
The pause in the fighting has also allowed much needed aid trucks to enter Gaza. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that 200 aid trucks were sent from Israel Friday, of which 137 were unloaded by the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East, U.N. Newsreported. It's the largest convey of aid to enter Gaza since Israel's bombardment began October 7.
"Hundreds of thousands of people were assisted with food, water, medical supplies and other essential humanitarian items," OCHA said.
Four trucks full of gas and 129,000 liters of fuel also arrived in Gaza Friday.
However, Hamas has reportedly delayed the release of more hostages Saturday because it says Israel is not allowing aid to enter northern Gaza, Al Jazeera reported. The group said Israel had also violated the terms of the cease-fire by shooting tear gas and live ammunition at people who attempted to return to their homes in northern Gaza and by flying surveillance drones high over Gaza Saturday.
Hamas took around 240 hostages—both Israelis and foreign nationals—into Gaza during its October 7 attack on Israel that also killed around 1,200 people. On Friday, the group released 13 Israelis, including an 85-year-old woman and children as young as 2, as well as 10 Thai nationals and one person from the Philippines, The Guardian reported.
"Each of them is an entire world," Netanyahu said in response to the first release. "But I emphasize… we are committed to returning all the hostages. This is one of the aims of the war and we are committed to achieving all the aims of the war."
The families of the Thai hostages celebrated their return.
"We are all very happy. Everybody is crying," Rungarun Wichangern, the brother of 33-year-old Vetoon Phoome who was released Friday, toldThe Guardian.
Phoome, who was working on a potato and pomegranate farm near Gaza when he was captured, was one of 30,000 Thai nationals working in the agricultural sector in Israel before the war, and one of around 5,000 employed at farms near Gaza. The Thai government said that 20 more Thai nationals were still being held in Gaza.
The one Philippines hostage released was 33-year-old Gelienor "Jimmy" Pacheco, who had been working as a carer in Gaza. Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos said on social media that he was "overjoyed" by Pacheco's release, and that he was safely at the Thai embassy in Israel.
"I salute the work of the Philippine Foreign Service in securing his release, and once again thank the State of Qatar for their invaluable assistance in making Jimmy's release possible," Marcos said.
Another Philippine woman, Noralyn Babadilla, remains missing.
Meanwhile, jubilant crowds turned out in the West Bank to welcome the first Palestinian prisoners released from Israeli custody, according to BBC News. The group included 24 women and 15 teenage boys. They had been arrested for offenses ranging from stone throwing to attempted murder. While some had been convicted, others were awaiting trial. Of a total of 300 Palestinian women and children marked by Israel for potential release, less than 25% have been convicted.
Israel holds around 8,000 Palestinians in its prisons, 3,000 of whom were detained since the October 7 attacks, Al Jazeera reported. Nearly every family in the West Bank has had a relative detained at one point, according to BBC News.
The NGO Palestinian Prisoners' Club said that Israel had told the families of released prisoners that they could be fined around 70,000 shekels ($18,740) for sharing sweets to celebrate their loved ones' return, speaking to reporters, or having guests over.
One of the Palestinian prisoners released was 24-year-old Marah Bakeer, who was 16 when she was arrested for allegedly attempting to stab an Israeli soldier, something she and her family deny. Israeli forces shot her in the arm and hand 12 times before her arrest.
"I'm very happy of course, but I feel devastated by how that deal was reached… at the cost of our brothers' and sisters' lives in Gaza," Bakeer said.
The Israeli attack on Gaza has killed more than 14,800 people, around 10,000 of them women and children. This means Israel has killed women and children at a rate that outstrips the deadliest conflicts of the 21st century, The New York Times reported Saturday. More than double the number of women and children have been killed in Gaza in nearly two months of fighting than have been reported killed in Ukraine in two years. Using women and children as a conservative stand-in for overall civilian deaths would mean more civilians have died during these two months than were killed by U.S. forces in the first year of the Iraq War, and nearly as many as the 12,400 estimated killed by the U.S. and its allies during nearly two decades of war in Afghanistan.
"It's beyond anything that I've seen in my career," Marc Garlasco, a former Pentagon senior intelligence analyst who now advises the Dutch organization PAX, told the Times, adding that, for a comparison, one may "have to go back to Vietnam, or the Second World War."
The bombardment has also destroyed or damaged more than 60,000 buildings, and some Gazans used the pause in the fighting to return to their homes and survey the damage.
"Our home is destroyed, nothing remains standing. And most of the ducks and chickens were eaten by hungry street dogs," one older woman toldAl Jazeera. "This is not a war; it is a genocide."
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