The Progressive


A project of Common Dreams

For Immediate Release

Lauren Gazzola, 212.614.6480, 

Anabel Bermejo, +49 30 40048590,

Former Guantanamo Chief Ordered to Appear in French Court Over Torture Allegations

Rights Groups Applaud Move Towards Accountability and Urge Obama Administration to Cooperate with Investigation


In response to news reports that a French judge has summoned retired U.S. General Geoffrey Miller, the former Guantanamo prison chief, to appear in court on March 1 over allegations of torture, the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) and the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), who have submitted expert reports and other submissions in the proceedings, issued the following statement.

"We commend the French justice system for pursuing its investigation into torture at Guantanamo despite the unwillingness of both Bush and Obama administrations' to cooperate with the investigation. As we have documented in detail for the court, Miller played a key role in the implementation of the U.S. torture program at Guantanamo prison. It is time he answers for it. We urge the U.S. to make Miller available for questioning and let this judicial process run its course. The French nationals who endured torture at Guantanamo under Miller's command, and have persisted with this case, deserve their day in court. As long as the U.S. remains unwilling to fully investigate its torture program and prosecute its architects and senior implementers, justice will be pursued in courts and countries, like France, where it can be found."

There's something in the air...

The New York-based Center for Constitutional Rights and Berlin-based European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights submitted documents explaining Geoffrey Miller's position, while commander of Guantanamo, in the overall command structure within the U.S government. The organizations also submitted information on the torture program and the implementation of interrogation techniques at Guantanamo that violate international law, based on the findings of the 2008 Senate Armed Services Committee report on detainee torture and abuse. CCR and ECCHR's submissions were relied upon when a French appeals court, the Chambre de l'instruction de la Cour d'appel de Paris, reversed a decision by the investigating magistrate to deny the victims request to subpoena Miller.

Under the existing U.S.-France Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT), a request for Miller to appear would have been transmitted through the U.S. Embassy in Paris. There is no public record of whether the U.S. has conveyed the request to Miller or if it has provided the French court with any response as to whether Miller will appear.

The investigation began in France after two former Guantanamo detainees, French citizens Nizar Sassi and Mourad Benchellali, lodged a criminal complaint in November 2002. They were later joined by a third, Khaled Ben Mustapha. In January 2012, following a motion filed by the men's lawyer, William Bourdon, investigating judge Clement issued the formal request, known as a letter-rogatory, to the U.S. government, which has not been answered.

The Center for Constitutional Rights is dedicated to advancing and protecting the rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. CCR is committed to the creative use of law as a positive force for social change.

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