Trump’s Trade, Tax, Industrial Policies Have Let Down Midwest Manufacturing Workers, Communities
New analysis finds that manufacturing workers in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin fared the worst under Trump’s policies.
WASHINGTON - Manufacturing workers in four key Midwest states that voted for President Trump have been the most hurt by Trump’s trade and industrial policies, according to a new analysis released today by experts Andrew Stettner at The Century Foundation (TCF) and Mike Shields at Policy Matters Ohio, with support from The Groundwork Collaborative.
The study, which looks at job and wage growth trends since 2000, finds that even before COVID-19 collapsed large segments of the economy, the manufacturing sector in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin had entered a recession. A disastrous trade war with China, weak trade negotiations with other countries, and policies that favor multinational corporations that manufacture overseas have especially stunted manufacturing growth in America’s industrial heartland.
“Midwesterners aren't afraid of hard work. We just ask that our leaders work hard for us, not corporations,” said Mike Shields, a researcher at Policy Matters Ohio, a nonprofit research institute, and co-author of the report. “President Trump promised a blue collar resurgence, but data show the manufacturing sector entered a recession, deepening pain in the Midwest, even before the COVID-pandemic and recession. There has been no manufacturing recovery in the Great Lakes region."
The report features three case studies of manufacturing operations in the region: 1) Racine, Wisconsin’s Foxconn project, which demonstrates the problem with tax giveaways as economic development strategy; 2) General Motors’ Lordstown, Ohio assembly plant, which shows how trade policies continue to facilitate the transfer of quality jobs to low-wage suppliers; and 3) Fuyao glassworks, in Moraine, Ohio, which underscores both the need and failure to enforce existing labor protections.
Key findings from the study include:
- Manufacturing job growth declined more in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin than the rest of the country. These four states in America’s industrial heartland saw manufacturing jobs decline by 0.5% in 2019, while manufacturing jobs in the rest of the country grew by 0.7%. In fact, manufacturing jobs in nearly all four states grew faster between 2010-2016 under the Obama administration than they did during the first two years of the Trump Administration.
- Between 2016 and 2019, the manufacturing wage premium for Black workers and women sharply declined. Manufacturing has long been an economically important sector, partly because it offers family-sustaining wages to workers without college degrees, but its wage premium has eroded in recent years. Black workers in the Midwest saw their wage premium decline by nearly 65% under the Trump Administration, more than triple the decline among white workers (19.6%), while women saw their wage premium decline by 73%, nearly 3.5 times the decline for men (22%).
- The trade deficit under Trump grew in 8 of the 10 major exporting industries in these 4 states. This includes plastics and rubber manufacturing, an important subsector in Ohio, which saw a decline in exports from 2016 to 2019 and a larger trade deficit.
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The Groundwork Collaborative is dedicated to advancing a coherent and persuasive progressive economic worldview and narrative capable of delivering meaningful opportunity and prosperity for everyone. Our work is driven by a core guiding principle: We are the economy. Groundwork Collaborative envisions an economic system that produces strong, broadly shared prosperity and power for all people, not just a wealthy few. Follow Groundwork Collaborative on Twitter at @Groundwork and learn more at GroundworkCollaborative.org.