The Progressive


A project of Common Dreams

For Immediate Release

Kirsten Stade (202) 265-7337

Make Emergency Manatee Protections Stronger and Permanent

115 Manatee Deaths So Far in 2011; Emergency Safeguards Lapse in Mid-March


Emergency rules to protect endangered Florida manatees slated to end in less than a month should instead be strengthened and made permanent, according to formal comments filed today by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER). This winter has been the deadliest on record, with more than 100 manatees dying since December from cold stress alone.

Back in early November 2010, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) announced emergency restrictions on waterborne activities in the manatees' largest wintering habitat on Kings Bay on the Gulf coast north of Tampa. The rules are in effect until March 15, 2011. The Service has solicited public input in shaping permanent protective measures.

The "imminent danger" cited by FWS as the reason for the emergency restrictions is hordes of tourists driving manatees away from vital warm water havens. Swimmers and divers seeking manatee interactions in some cases kick or punch the animals and separate mothers from calves.

PEER had filed a notice of intent to sue the Service for its failure to rein in widespread harassment of the animals by tourists. In comments filed today, PEER urged FWS to adopt actions on a permanent basis that would reduce manatee deaths from loss of warm water habitat and boating collisions, including -

  • Creating a Manatee Sanctuary covering the entire canal system, starting at the entrance of Kings Bay proper and up through Magnolia and Three Sisters Springs. At the same time, the existing manatee sanctuary at the King Spring should be expanded to include the spring itself and the existing entrance corridor (known as the "keyhole");
  • Ending Harassment of Manatees by requiring divers to wear wet suits and flotation devices while banning weight belts and swim fins to make it more difficult for swimmers to touch manatees at depth. In addition, PEER urges a quota system to reduce crowds and operator responsibility for abuses by their customers; and
  • Eliminating Summer High Speed Zone. PEER argues that the summer high speed watercraft zone in Kings Bay is a growing and poses a needless risk to both manatees and boaters. The shallowness of the Bay combined with declining water clarity multiplies the risk of accident. As a result, today the majority of manatee watercraft deaths in Kings Bay occur during the summer.

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) is a national alliance of local state and federal resource professionals. PEER's environmental work is solely directed by the needs of its members. As a consequence, we have the distinct honor of serving resource professionals who daily cast profiles in courage in cubicles across the country.