United Nations General Assembly has voted in favour of resolution
endorsing a UN-sponsored report into war crimes committed during
Israel's war on Gaza.
The Goldstone report, which accuses both Israel and Hamas of war
crimes, was endorsed by the assembly on Thursday by a margin of 114 to
18, after two days of debate.
Forty-four member-nations abstained from voting.
The report, which was compiled by a panel led by Richard Goldstone,
a South African judge, had already been endorsed by the UN Human Rights
Council, which sponsored the fact-finding commission.
report calls on both Israel and the Palestinians to investigate within
three months accusations of human-rights violations during the 22-day
conflict in December and January.
Most of the criticism in the Goldstone report was directed towards
Israel's conduct during the offensive, in which human rights
organisations say about 1,400 Palestinians - many of them women and
children - were killed.
Thirteen Israelis, including three civilians, were killed over the course of the war.
The report concluded that Israel used disproportionate force in the
war, deliberately targeting Gaza civilians, using them as human
shields, and destroying civilian infrastructure.
Ali Treki, the General Assembly president, called the vote "an
important declaration against impunity. It is a call for justice and
justice, there can be no progress towards peace. A human being should
be treated as a human being, regardless of his or her religion, race or
nationality," he said.
Apart from Israel and the US, a number of European countries
including Italy, the Netherlands, Poland and the Czech Republic, voted
against the resolution.
The Netherlands' representative said, however, he supported elements
in the text, which sought to pursue inquiries into violations of human
rights and international law.
Britain and France were among EU member nations who abstained. Most
developing countries voted in favour of endorsing the report.
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Jorge Valero, Venezuela's ambassador to the UN, endorsing the
report, said Israel should be brought to justice for crimes against
Palestinians, and those responsible for the "operation of terror".
Nassir Abdulaziz al-Nasser, Qatar's ambassador to the UN, said the
Goldstone report pointed to crimes committed by the Israel that
amounted to war crimes and crimes against humanity, including murder,
torture and serious physical and psychological harm to civilians.
Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian UN observer called it "an important
night in the history of the General Assembly and the history of
fighting against impunity and seeking accountability".
'Disproportionate and systematic'
Earlier, speaking ahead of the final UN vote, Mansour said
the Goldstone report had concluded that the Israeli military onslaught
"was planned in all of its phases as a deliberately disproportionate
and systematic attack aimed at punishing, humiliating and terrorising
the Palestinian civilian population".
But Daniel Carmon, Israel's deputy ambassador to the UN, told the
assembly that the resolution "endorses and legitimises a deeply flawed,
one-sided and prejudiced report of the discredited Human Rights Council
and its politicised work that bends both fact and law".
Alejandro Wolff, the US deputy ambasssador to the UN, also accused
the the resolution of being flawed, saying that it failed to name
Hamas, the Palestinian group that has de facto control of Gaza.
The non-binding resolution passed on Thursday by the General
Assembly asks Ban Ki-moon, the UN secretary-general, to pass the report
to the UN Security Council.
However, diplomats have said that the five permanent members of the
15-member Security Council have signalled that they are opposed to
council involvement - meaning that it is unlikely that the 15-nation
body would take action.
The debate at the General Assembly was called for by the Arab UN
group, with the backing of the 118-member Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).
Al Jazeera and agencies