Record global heat in the first half of 2016 has caught climate scientists off-guard, reportsThompson Reuters Foundation.\u0022What concerns me most is that we didn\u0026#039;t anticipate these temperature jumps,\u0022 David Carlson, director of the World Meteorological Organization\u0026#039;s (WMO) climate research program, told Thompson Reuters Foundation late Monday. \u0022We predicted moderate warmth for 2016, but nothing like the temperature rises we\u0026#039;ve seen.\u0022\u0022Massive temperature hikes, but also extreme events like floodings, have become the new normal,\u0022 Carlson added. \u0022The ice melt rates recorded in the first half of 2016, for example—we don\u0026#039;t usually see those until later in the year.\u0022Indeed, extreme weather events are currently wreaking havoc around the world.In Southern California, firefighters are battling one of the \u0022most extreme\u0022 fires the region has ever seen. The so-called sand fire had consumed 38,346 acres as of Wednesday morning and forced the evacuations of 10,000 homes, and one person has died.Meteorologist Eric Holthaus reported on the unusual fire last Friday in Pacific Standard:The fire, which started as a small brush fire along the side of Highway 14 near Santa Clarita, California, on Friday, quickly spread out of control under weather conditions that were nearly ideal for explosive growth. The fire doubled in size overnight on Friday, and then doubled again during the day on Saturday.\u0022The fire behavior was some of the most extreme I\u0026#039;ve seen in the Los Angeles area in my career,\u0022 says Stuart Palley, a wildfire photographer based in Southern California. \u0022The fire was running all over the place.\u0026nbsp;… It was incredible to see.\u0022 There were multiple reports of flames 50 to 100 feet high on Saturday, which is unusual for fires in the region.Time-lapse footage filmed on July 23 showed the fire\u0026#039;s tall flames and rapid growth:\u0022Since late 2011,\u0022 Holthaus explained, \u0022Los Angeles County has missed out on about three years\u0026#039; worth of rain. Simply put: Extreme weather and climate conditions have helped produce this fire\u0026#039;s extreme behavior.\u0022The fire is an omen of things to come, according to Holthaus: \u0022Even if rainfall amounts don\u0026#039;t change in the future, drought and wildfire severity likely will because warmer temperatures are more efficient at evaporating what little moisture does fall. That, according to scientists, means California\u0026#039;s risk of a mega-drought — spanning decades or more — is, or will be soon, the highest it\u0026#039;s been in millennia.\u0022As University of California professor Anthony LeRoy Westerling wrote Tuesday in the Guardian: \u0022A changing climate is transforming our landscape, and fire is one of the tools it uses. Expect to see more of it, in more places, as temperatures rise.\u0022Meanwhile, in India\u0026#039;s northeast, Reuters reported Tuesday that over 1.2 million people \u0022have been hit by floods which have submerged hundreds of villages, inundated large swathes of farmland and damaged roads, bridges and telecommunications services, local authorities said on Tuesday.\u0022Reuters added that nearly 90,000 people are currently being housed in 220 relief camps.\u0022Incessant monsoon rains in the tea and oil-rich state of Assam have forced the burgeoning Brahmaputra river and its tributaries to burst their banks—affecting more than half of the region\u0026#039;s 32 districts,\u0022 the wire service reported.Local officials also told the media that \u0022more than 60 percent of region\u0026#039;s famed Kaziranga National Park, home to two-thirds of the world\u0026#039;s endangered one-horned rhinoceroses, is also under water, leaving the animals more vulnerable to poaching.\u0022An unusually heavy monsoon season has also devastated communities in northern China, AFP reported Monday, with nearly 300 dead or missing and hundreds of thousands displaced after catastrophic flooding hit the region.And in Iraq, temperatures last week reached such unprecedented heights that a chef literally fried an egg on the sidewalk. The TODAY show tweeted footage of the incident:It’s hot enough to fry eggs on the street in Iraq where temperatures topped 120 degreeshttps://t.co/SLUnY4Pq1m— TODAY (@TODAYshow) July 21, 2016Stateside, the heat dome continues to inflict scorching summer temperatures across the country. In one Arizona locale, for example, meteorologists are predicting a scorching high temperature on Wednesday of 114° Fahrenheit. One Arizona resident posted a video Tuesday desperately asking people to pray for the state as it faces more hot weather. \u0022It is still six billion degrees,\u0022 the resident lamented. \u0022Lord, we need you.\u0022Yet there appears to be little relief in sight: for the first time ever, USA Today reported Tuesday, the U.S. federal government\u0026#039;s climate prediction center is forecasting hotter-than-normal temperatures for the next three months for \u0022every square inch\u0022 of the country.