A federal court on Thursday blocked President Donald Trump's effort to exclude undocumented immigrants from the 2020 census, delivering what the ACLU called a "victory" for immigrants' rights.
The ruling stems from legal challenges brought forth by a coalition of organizations led by the ACLU and cities and states led by New York Attorney General Letitia James.
At issue was Trump's July memorandum declaring: "For the purpose of the reapportionment of representatives following the 2020 census, it is the policy of the United States to exclude from the apportionment base aliens who are not in a lawful immigration status under the Immigration and Nationality Act."
The three-judge panel found the president's attempt unlawful, saying Trump did not act "in accordance with, and within the boundaries of, the authority that Congress has granted."
#BREAKING: In a major victory, the courts have ruled President Trump cannot exclude undocumented immigrants from congressional apportionment in the #2020Census.— NY AG James (@NewYorkStateAG) September 10, 2020
No one ceases to be a person because they lack documentation, period. https://t.co/fUNsfM4e63
"The merits of the parties' dispute are not particularly close or complicated," the judges wrote, adding that the defendants have "neither text nor history on their side."
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"The statutory command to use the 'whole number of persons in each state' as the apportionment base does not give the president discretion to exclude illegal aliens on the basis of their legal status, without regard for their residency," the ruling states.
The judges concluded that the memo represented "an ultra vires violation of Congress's delegation of its constitutional responsibility to count the whole number of persons in each state and to apportion members of the House of Representatives among the states according to their respective numbers."
Dale Ho, who argued the case and is director of the ACLU's Voting Rights Project, welcomed the ruling.
"This is a huge victory for voting rights and for immigrants' rights. President Trump has tried and failed yet again to weaponize the census against immigrant communities. The law is clear—every person counts in the census," Ho said in a statement.
Sen. Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii)—who led an amicus brief in the case warning that Trump's order "would be enormously damaging"—called the ruling "excellent news" and noted that the decision was "not a close call."
"The statute is clear," Schatz tweeted Thursday, "and the Trump administration has been nakedly partisan and dishonest about their administration of the census."