living in the poorest parts of the West Bank face significantly worse
conditions than their counterparts in Gaza, a study conducted by an
international youth charity has found.
The report by Save the Children UK, due to be released on Wednesday,
says that families forced from their homes in the West Bank are
suffering the effects of grinding poverty, often lacking food, medicine
and humanitarian assistance.
European Commission funded study found that in "Area C"- the 60 per
cent of the West Bank under direct Israeli control - the poorest
sections of society are suffering disproportionately because basic
infrastructure is not being repaired due to Israel's refusal to approve
schools, drainage systems and roads are in urgent need of repair, but
instead of work being allowed, families are being forced to live in
tents and do not have access to clean water.
Restrictions on the use of land for agriculture have left thousands
of Palestinian children without enough food and many are becoming ill
as a result, the study found.
Conditions in Area C have reached "crisis point", the charity said,
with 79 per cent of the communities surveyed lacking sufficient food -
a greater proportion than in blockaded Gaza, where the figure is 61 per
The lack of proper nutrition is having a major impact on the health
of children growing up in the area, with 44 per cent of those surveyed
for the study suffering from diarrhoea, the world's biggest killer of
children under the age of five.
Many children living in such communities are showing signs of
stunted growth, with the figure running at more than double Gaza's
rate, and more than one in ten children surveyed for the study were
found to be underweight.
The report says that for many Palestinians, international
humanitarian assistance is far harder to access in the West Bank than
in Gaza, with almost half the households surveyed in Area C reporting
that they had no access to foreign aid assistance.
Save the Children warned that with the blockade of Gaza dominating
headlines in recent months, the international community risked
forgetting the fate of the poorest communities in the West Bank.
"The international community has rightly focused its attention on
the suffering of families in Gaza but the plight of children in Area C
must not be overlooked," Salam Kanaan, Save the Children's director in
the occupied Palestinian Territories, said.
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"Palestinians in the West Bank are widely thought to enjoy a higher
standard of living but tragically many families, particularly in
Bedouin and herder communities, actually suffer significantly higher
levels of malnutrition and poverty."
The organisation called for Israel to immediately cease home
demolitions and land confiscations in the West Bank and said the
Palestinian authority should take "urgent action" to develop services
and improve food security in Area C.
"Palestinian children cannot wait for the stalled peace talks
between the Palestinian Authority, Israel, and the United States to
find solutions to this crisis," Kanaan said.
Pockets of poverty
Cairo Arafat helped devise the Palestinian Authority's action plan
for children before starting part-time work with Save the Children, and
is now a spokesperson for Palestinian Authority. She told Al Jazeera
the figures in the report did not reflect the conditions in the West
Bank as a whole, but were still a major cause for concern.
"The overall conditions, if you look at health indicators and
education indicators, are better than what is normal for the reigion,"
"The problem is we are beginning to see a regression."
The West Bank had "pockets of poverty," she said, that left around
around 10 per cent of the 240,000 children in the territory at risk of
"There are certain parts of the West Bank were the situation is much
worse than in Gaza, with a lack of access to water and shelter," she
Arafat said that the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) was
attempting to tackle the issue in the face of "excessive" obstruction
from the Israeli authorities, particularly in areas near settlements
and close to the separation barrier built by the Israeli military.
"The PNA is investing in a number of different programs in Area C
and near where the wall is being built to improve the situation," she
"But there are certain areas where the Israelis won't allow infrastructure to be built."