Progressives and government watchdog groups on Wednesday condemned House Speaker Nancy Pelosi\u0026#039;s defense of individual stock trading by members of Congress, days after an extensive report revealed dozens of conflicts of interest by lawmakers who own stocks related to the healthcare industry and other sectors Congress is supposed to regulate.\r\n\r\nAfter being asked by Business Insider at her weekly press conference whether members of Congress and their spouses should be barred from trading stocks, Pelosi said the practice should be permitted to continue because \u0022we are a free market economy.\u0022\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nSpeaking to Business Insider after the press conference, Pelosi\u0026#039;s spokesperson said the STOCK Act—which was passed in 2012 and requires members to disclose security transactions and ensure they don\u0026#039;t make individual stock trades based on knowledge they gain as lawmakers—prevents members of Congress from insider trading.\r\n\r\n\u0022It\u0026#039;s not \u0026#039;participating in the free market\u0026#039; for some of our nation\u0026#039;s most powerful to benefit financially from inside information.\u0022\r\n\r\nBut the outlet\u0026#039;s \u0022Conflicted Congress\u0022 investigation released Monday, showed that at least 49 lawmakers and 182 senior congressional staffers have violated the STOCK Act, including dozens whose stock holdings may have allowed them to benefit from the coronavirus pandemic.\r\n\r\nAt least 11 senators and 34 representatives held shares of Pfizer, the manufacturer of one of the Covid-19 vaccines. The investigation also found stocks held by lawmakers from both major political parties in 3M, which makes personal protective equipment; Quest Diagnostics, which provides Covid-19 tests; and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, the maker of a treatment for the disease.\r\n\r\nAs Common Dreams reported in April 2020, in the weeks before the pandemic, members of Congress made nearly 1,500 stock transactions worth up to $158 million—in many cases buying stocks in companies that might see a boost during the crisis and selling stocks that seemed likely to decrease in value.\r\n\r\nWhen asked about the lack of compliance with the STOCK Act at her news conference, the speaker said only that members of Congress \u0022should be\u0022 reporting their holdings.\r\n\r\nThe Project on Government Oversight (POGO) was among the first watchdog groups to respond forcefully to Pelosi\u0026#039;s comments.\r\n\r\n\u0022Members of Congress should not be able to trade stocks because it\u0026#039;s not \u0026#039;participating in the free market\u0026#039; for some of our nation\u0026#039;s most powerful to benefit financially from inside information,\u0022 the group tweeted. \u0022It\u0026#039;s a conflict of interest, plain and simple, and it needs to stop.\u0022\r\n\r\nDylan Hedtler-Gaudette, government affairs manager for the group, added that lawmakers\u0026#039; ability to trade individual stocks—and Pelosi\u0026#039;s vehement defense of the practice—could significantly damage the public\u0026#039;s perception of Congress and the federal government.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nProgressive lawmakers including Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) have spoken out about the issue, with Warren telling Business Insider on Wednesday, \u0022The American people should never have to guess whether or not an elected official is advancing an issue or voting on a bill based on what\u0026#039;s good for the country or what\u0026#039;s good for their own personal financial interests.\u0022\r\n\r\nSome critics suggested Pelosi defended stock trading on Capitol Hill because she has personally benefited from the practice; her husband, venture capitalist Paul Pelosi, trades corporate stocks and in 2020 owned shares worth as much as $25 million in Apple, Amazon, and Visa. The couple\u0026#039;s net worth grew by $16.7 million last year.\r\n\r\nOthers noted that Pelosi\u0026#039;s defensive comments came just as it was reported that the Democratic Party is planning to shelve the Build Back Better Act—the $1.75 trillion reconciliation package that would invest in climate action and anti-poverty measures—due to objections to the Child Tax Credit from right-wing Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia—and as the Biden administration is preparing to force millions of Americans to restart payments of the student debt, leading to questions about how the party will inspire voter turnout in 2022 and beyond.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\u0022Are they trying to lose?\u0022 asked journalist Kate Aronoff.