For Immediate Release
Common Cause and Alliance for Justice Ask Judicial Conference to Investigate Potential Violations of Ethics in Government Act by Justice Clarence Thomas
WASHINGTON - Common Cause and Alliance for Justice asked the Judicial Conference of the United States today to determine whether apparent violations of the Ethics in Government Act by Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas should be referred to the Justice Department for possible enforcement.
Financial disclosure reports filed by Justice Thomas indicate that between 1997 and 2007 the justice incorrectly checked the box marked "none" on the question related to income earned by his wife, Virginia "Ginni" Thomas. In fact, Mrs. Thomas received nearly $700,000 in compensation from the Heritage Foundation from 2003 to 2007 alone, income revealed by Heritage in its annual tax filings.
Alliance for Justice and Common Cause also asked the conference to examine issues raised by a June 19, 2011, New York Times article detailing Justice Thomas' close relationship with Texas real-estate developer Harlan Crow. The Times reported that the justice appears to have misreported or failed to report travel taken at Crow's expense.
The Judicial Conference, the administrative arm of the federal court system, is holding a semi-annual meeting in Washington, D.C., on September 13. The conference has made no public statement on the Thomas matter, despite national publicity concerning gaps or errors in the Justice's annual financial disclosures.
Federal law requires the Conference to refer to the Attorney General any federal judge, including Supreme Court justices, whom the Conference "has reasonable cause to believe has willfully falsified or willfully failed to file information required to be reported."
"In America, no one is above the law, including Supreme Court justices," said Common Cause President and CEO Bob Edgar. "For more than a decade, Justice Thomas omitted information about his wife's income, clearly required by the Ethics in Government Act, from his annual financial disclosure report. Surely such a repeated violation, by someone entrusted to apply laws far more complex than the Ethics Act, at least deserves a formal review by the Judicial Conference and the Attorney General."
In signing the letter, Alliance for Justice President Nan Aron said, "The Supreme Court is our most important legal institution. The American people must have absolute trust in the ethical behavior of its justices. Justice Thomas' apparent noncompliance with the Ethics in Government Act is sufficiently serious and well-documented to merit examination and referral by the Judicial Conference. The recent revelations in the New York Times about travel reimbursements demonstrate that further investigation is essential. The statute requiring action is clear. But even clearer is the need to once and for all determine the facts surrounding Justice Thomas' actions and preserve the integrity of our nation's highest court."
A copy of the letter may be found here.
Common Cause is a nonpartisan, nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1970 by John Gardner as a vehicle for citizens to make their voices heard in the political process and to hold their elected leaders accountable to the public interest.