From Citizens United to Ranked-Choice Voting: Democracy on the Ballot 2016
'We can no longer allow wealthy special interests to continue to drown out the voices of everyday Americans'
On November 8, voters in a number of states will weigh in on ballot initiatives meant to bolster democracy, whether by transforming campaign finance laws, rejecting Citizens United, or expanding voter representation.
California Proposition 59
By voting Yes on Prop 59, voters will demand California politicians use their authority to overturn the U.S. Supreme Court's 2010 Citizens United decision, whether by supporting a constitutional amendment or by other means. Among the measure's supporters are Sen. Bernie Sanders (and the political organization that grew out of his presidential primary campaign, Our Revolution), California Attorney General Kamala Harris, and scores of local and national pro-democracy groups.
"Today our democracy is broken," said California Common Cause organizer Sylvia Moore. "Campaign spending is out of control, our elections are being handed over to the highest bidders, while average Americans are feeling shut out of the political process as they increasingly find it difficult to get their concerns heard. Many talented people don't run for elective office and serve their country because of the enormous amount of money required to mount a serious campaign. We can no longer allow wealthy special interests to continue to drown out the voices of everyday Americans."
A poll in mid-October found 47 percent in favor of the measure and 19 percent opposed, with 34 percent still undecided. Newspaper editorial boards in the state appear evenly split.
Washington Initiatives 735 and 1464
Similar to Prop 59 in California, Initiative 735 would make Washington the 18th state to ask Congress to overturn Citizens United.
"It's hard to pass a federal constitutional amendment on anything," The Stranger noted in its endorsement of the measure. "But the idea here is to get more and more lawmakers to promise to support the amendment until you hit the magic number you need."
Initiative 735 has the support of scores of elected officials, including Gov. Jay Inslee, as well as Our Revolution and progressive congressional candidate Pramila Jayapal. The most recent poll showed 48 percent of respondents in support, 18 percent opposed, and 34 percent undecided.
Meanwhile, Initiative 1464 lists a slew of reforms to the state's campaign finance system, including efforts to improve transparency, crack down on coordination between candidates and super PACs, and "stop the revolving door of government officials taking jobs as lobbyists as they leave office," as per the Yes on 1464 website. It would also build on Seattle's first-in-the-nation "democracy voucher" program, which passed last year, by equipping each registered voter in the state with $150 worth of donations to contribute to the candidates of their choice.
"Americans agree across party lines that the influence of Big Money in politics weakens our democracy and throws it out of balance," Seattle-based environmental group Sightline Institute said in its assessment of the measure this fall. "Democracy credits help restore that balance by giving everyone a more equal voice in supporting the candidates of their choice: whether you're a barista or a bank president, a janitor or a jeweler, you'll receive exactly the same $150 of credits."
The initiative is supported by groups including the League of Women Voters, Friends of the Earth, and Public Citizen. The latest poll showed 36 percent in favor, 23 percent opposed, and 41 percent still undecided.
Missouri Amendment 2
As NPR explained last month, Amendment 2 would "put a $2,600 limit on donations to candidates for state office" in Missouri, which is currently seeing the "most expensive race for governor in the country." The amendment would also cap contributions to political parties at $25,000.
The state currently has no donation limits.
"Since 2008, campaign contributions in Missouri have been capped at infinity," the Kansas City Star wrote in October. "That's made million-dollar checks commonplace in state politics and fed criticism of Jefferson City as a place where ethics take a back seat to money."
Gov. Jay Nixon, who supports Amendment 2, has blasted the "unlimited secret, dark money" that flows into Missouri races. "Millions of dollars that nobody knows where it even is from," he said to Missourinet last week. "And then unlimited amounts for these small races. $50,000, $100,000 checks. $1 million, $2 million checks. That just corrodes confidence in democracy."
South Dakota Initiated Measure-22
- limit the amounts political parties and PACs can contribute to South Dakota candidates;
- increase transparency and donor disclosure;
- establish an independent ethics commission;
- create a system to publicly fund participating candidates with so-called "democracy credits;"
- end unlimited lobbyist gifts to politicians; and
- prohibit certain state officials and high-level employees from lobbying until two years after leaving state government.
Unsurprisingly, the Koch network is "bankrolling the group working to defeat the initiative," as PR Watch revealed this week.
David Armiak and Mary Bottari wrote for PR Watch:
If IM-22 passes on November, it will put the brakes on secret political spending by [Koch-backed astroturf group Americans for Prosperity], the Kochs, and others pulling the strings in South Dakota. But, more significantly, if the law succeeds in setting up a campaign finance system that is more responsive to all citizens, not just the wealthy, it could become a model for other states to follow.
And this is precisely what the Kochs fear.
A 2015 study ranked South Dakota among the worst in the nation for government corruption.
Alaska Measure 1
In Alaska, virtually everyone who is eligible to vote applies for the "permanent fund dividend," financed indirectly by oil revenues.
Measure 1 would automatically (unless they opt out) register to vote anyone who applies for the dividend; proponents say that by linking the two actions, as many as 50,000 additional voters, many of them Native Alaskans, would be registered.
"We need higher turnout and more Native and minority voices in our politics, but for too long voter registration has been an obstacle," says Our Revolution in its endorsement of the ballot initiative. "Measure 1 would be a big leap forward."
Groups including the NAACP, ACLU of Alaska, and the Alaska Federation of Natives all support the effort. Both U.S. senators from Alaska are also in favor.
Maine Question 5
The publication explained:
Question 5 on the state ballot proposes replacing Maine's current electoral system with ranked-choice voting, allowing voters to express their numerical preferences for all state offices, including U.S. senators and U.S. representatives. When ballots are tallied, if no candidate has more than 50 percent of voters' first choices, then the least-popular candidate will be eliminated. His or her supporters would have their top-ranked candidate crossed off their ballots, and their votes would fall to their second-ranked candidates.
"I think the voters are hungry for a system that allows them to vote their hopes," said Democratic state Rep. Diane Russell, who joined with Sen. Richard Woodbury, an independent, to propose the initiative. "Under the current 'winner-take-all-system,' the entire system is about polling and spoilers. That's not what's great about democracy."
Politico noted that "[w]hile Maine would be the first state to adopt such a system, San Francisco, Oakland, St. Paul, and Minneapolis currently use ranked-choice voting, as does the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in selection of the Academy Award for Best Picture."
A poll taken in late October found 49 percent of respondents supported the measure, with 31 percent opposed and 20 percent undecided.