For Immediate Release
Unionization Substantially Improves the Pay and Benefits of Latino Workers
Union Membership Plays Valuable Role in Countering Economic Inequality
WASHINGTON - To mark the beginning of National Hispanic Heritage Month, a new report by the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) documents a large wage and benefit advantage for Latino workers in unions relative to their non-union counterparts.
The report, "Unions and Upward Mobility for Latino Workers,"
found that unionized Latino workers earned, on average, 17.6 percent
more than their non-union peers. In addition, Latino workers in unions
were much more likely to have health insurance benefits and a pension
"Latinos are the fastest growing group in the U.S. labor force and the
fastest growing group inside the U.S. labor movement," said John Schmitt,
a Senior Economist at CEPR and the author of the study. "The data show
that unions make a big difference in wages and benefits for Latino
The report, which analyzed data from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey
(CPS), found that unionization raises the pay of Latino workers by
about $2.60 per hour. According to the report, Latino workers in unions
were also 26 percentage points more likely to have employer-provided
health insurance and 27 percentage points more likely to have an
employer-provided pension plan than Latino workers who were not in
According to the study, unionization also strongly benefited Latino
workers in otherwise low-wage occupations. Among Latino workers in the
15 lowest-paying occupations, union members earned 16.6 percent more
than those workers who were not in unions. In the same low-wage
occupations, unionized Latinos were 41 percentage points more likely to
have employer-provided health insurance and 18 percentage points more
likely to have a pension plan than their non-union counterparts.
Latinos made up about five percent of the U.S. work force at the end of
the 1970s. By 2007, Latinos were about 14 percent of all U.S. workers.
In the early 1980s, about six percent of all unionized workers in the
United States were Latinos. In 2007, almost 12 percent of union workers
National Hispanic Heritage Month, first declared in 1988, runs from
September 15 to October 15. September 15 marks the independence from
Spain of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua;
September 16 is Mexican independence day; and Chile celebrates its
independence on September 18.
The full report can be found here.
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