A detailed new report released Wednesday morning by a coalition of environmental groups shows that the 60 largest banks in the world have poured more than $3.8 trillion into the fossil fuel industry since the Paris climate accord was adopted in 2015, providing key financing for destructive projects ranging from coal-fueled power plants in Indonesia to Enbridge\u0026#039;s Line 3 tar sands pipeline.\r\n\r\n\u0022Many of the world\u0026#039;s largest banks, including all six major U.S. banks, have made splashy commitments in recent months to zero-out the climate impact of their financing over the next 30 years. But what matters most is what they\u0026#039;re doing now, and the numbers don\u0026#039;t lie,\u0022 Ben Cushing, financial advocacy campaign manager with the Sierra Club, said in a statement.\r\n\r\n\u0022Indigenous lands globally are being plundered, our inherent rights are being violated, and the value of our lives has been diminished to nothing in the face of fossil fuel expansion.\u0022\r\n—Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network\r\n\r\nThe 80-page Banking on Climate (pdf) report shows that JPMorgan Chase, Citibank, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo have provided more money for the fossil fuel industry than any other banks in the world at a time when scientists are warning that fossil fuel extraction and use must be rapidly curtailed in order to avert environmental catastrophe.\r\n\r\nBetween 2016 and 2020, the new report notes, Chase\u0026#039;s lending and underwriting activities have pumped nearly $317 billion into fossil fuels—funding that casts serious doubt on the massive bank\u0026#039;s promise last October to align its financing commitments with the Paris Agreement\u0026#039;s climate targets.\r\n\r\n\u0022We must understand that by bankrolling the expansion of oil and gas, the top banks of the world have blood on their hands and no amount of greenwashing, carbon markets, unproven techno-fixes, or net-zero commitments can absolve their crimes against humanity and Mother Earth,\u0022 said Tom Goldtooth, executive director of the Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN).\r\n\r\n\u0022Indigenous lands globally are being plundered, our inherent rights are being violated, and the value of our lives has been diminished to nothing in the face of fossil fuel expansion,\u0022 Goldtooth added. \u0022For the sacredness and the territorial integrity of Mother Earth, these banks must be held accountable for covering the cost of her destruction.\u0022\r\n\r\nIn 2020 alone, amid a global pandemic, the world\u0026#039;s 60 largest banks increased by over 10% their financing for the 100 companies most responsible for fossil fuel expansion around the world, including BP, Shell, ConocoPhillips, Equinor, and Enbridge, according to the new report.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nWall Street banks talk a big game on climate action now, but let\u0026#039;s be clear about big banks: @Chase, @Citi, @BankofAmerica \u0026amp; @WellsFargo are still the top 4 bankers of climate chaos, accounting for more than 25% of fossil fuel financing from 60 banks.https://t.co/94gjCyCG9V pic.twitter.com/Eh5pGOg1dc\r\n— Ben Cushing (@bmcushing) March 24, 2021\r\n\r\n\r\nAssembled by the Rainforest Action Network, Oil Change International, IEN, and other advocacy groups, the report argues that banks must take a number of concrete steps in order to truly bring their practices into line with what the science says is necessary to ensure a livable and sustainable future:\r\n\r\n\r\n\tProhibit all financing for all fossil fuel expansion projects and for all companies expanding fossil fuel extraction and infrastructure along the whole value chain;\r\n\tCommit to phase out all financing for fossil fuel extraction, combustion, and infrastructure, on an explicit timeline that is aligned with limiting global warming to 1.5°C, starting with coal mining and coal power, as well as financing for existing projects and companies active in tar sands oil, Arctic oil and gas, offshore oil and gas, fracked oil and gas, and LNG. As part of this commitment, require fossil fuel clients to publish plans to phase out fossil fuel activity on a 1.5°C-aligned timeline;\r\n\tCommit to measure, disclose, and set targets to zero out the absolute climate impact of their overall financing activities on a 1.5°C-aligned timeline, including short-, medium-, and long-term targets; and\r\n\tFully respect all human rights, particularly the rights of Indigenous Peoples, including their rights to their water and lands and the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent, as articulated in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Prohibit all financing for projects and companies that abuse human rights, including Indigenous rights.\r\n\r\n\r\n\u0022This report serves as a reality check for banks that think that vague \u0026#039;net-zero\u0026#039; goals are enough to stop the climate crisis,\u0022 said Lorne Stockman, senior research analyst at Oil Change International. \u0022Our future goes where the money flows, and in 2020 these banks have ploughed billions into locking us into further climate chaos. Banks need to be focused on reducing fossil fuel production now, rather than on a far off and insufficient goal in the distant future.\u0022\r\n\r\n\u0022The time for half-measures is over,\u0022 Stockman added.