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ICC: Members Should Confront Critics and Increase Cooperation

Ten Years on, Use Annual Meeting to Support and Strengthen the Court


International Criminal Court
(ICC) member countries should speak up to support the court's
independence and mandate during their annual meeting beginning November
14, 2008, Human Rights Watch said today. They should also pledge
increased international cooperation on arrest warrants and should
resolve to carry out arrests in the coming year.

The ICC has made considerable progress in five years of operation,
but has yet to hold its first trial. It is expected that the first
trial will get underway in 2009. The court has been under attack in
recent months, following the request in July 2008 by the ICC prosecutor
for an arrest warrant for President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan on charges
including genocide in Darfur.

"With the court's independence and integrity at risk, ICC
member states should speak out forcefully to promote the ICC's
mission," said Elizabeth Evenson, counsel in the International Justice
Program of Human Rights Watch. "They should strongly defend the ICC's
independence from political interference."

Sudanese authorities opened a campaign to try to persuade
the United Nations Security Council to defer the ICC proceedings on
Bashir. The African Union and the Organization of The Islamic
Conference have supported Sudan's efforts.

Representatives of the ICC's 108 member countries will
meet in The Hague for nine days at the Assembly of States Parties. This
year is the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute, the
court's founding treaty.

The role of member states in carrying out the court's
warrants is important. Warrants remain outstanding in three of the four
situations under investigation. Those wanted include Joseph Kony of the
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a Ugandan rebel group that has carried
out attacks on civilians in recent months in the Democratic Republic of
Congo (DRC), Central African Republic, and southern Sudan.

They also include Bosco Ntaganda, who is charged with
crimes relating to recruiting children as fighters in the DRC's Ituri
district during his tenure as chief of military operations for the
ethnic Hema militia group, the Union of Congolese Patriots. Ntaganda is
now the military chief of staff for the rebel commander Laurent Nkunda.

Since late August, a quarter of a million people have been
forced to flee their homes as a result of intense fighting between
Nkunda's forces and Congolese army soldiers and their allied militia.
These recent events underscore the importance of the ICC's mandate to
investigate serious crimes under international law. The ICC prosecutor
is expected to announce the focus of his third investigation in DRC in
his opening speech to the Assembly of States Parties on November 14.

"LRA leaders and Ntaganda continue crimes against innocent
civilians, and their arrests should top the agenda at this year's
assembly," Evenson said. "States should make a commitment to increased
cooperation with the court and should call attention to the urgent need
for joint effort toward arrests."

Proceedings in the Lubanga case are on hold following a
court decision that fair trial standards could not be met because the
prosecutor could not disclose potentially exculpatory documents
protected under confidentiality agreements.

More progress by court officials is needed to build an
effective, fair, and credible institution. Adequate financial resources
are also necessary. During their meetings in The Hague, states parties
will approve the court's yearly budget.

"The current difficult international economic conditions
cannot become a justification to deny the court the resources that it
needs," Evenson said. "If states are invested in the mission of the
court to bring justice for the world's worst crimes, they must also
continue to invest in the court financially."

In a memorandum
issued to governments last week, Human Rights Watch called attention to
a number of other issues likely to be under discussion during the
meeting. These include the needs to increase support for the court's
legal aid system, to set a policy for court-paid family visits for
indigent ICC detainees, and to improve coordination among the court's


The International Criminal
Court is the world's first permanent court mandated to bring to justice
perpetrators of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide when
national courts are unable or unwilling to do so.

The ICC prosecutor has opened investigations in the
Democratic Republic of Congo, northern Uganda, the Darfur region of
Sudan, and the Central African Republic. Based on those investigations,
12 arrest warrants have been issued. To date, four individuals are in
ICC custody in The Hague.

The Assembly of States Parties was created by the Rome
Statute to provide management oversight of the administration of the
court. It consists of representatives of each state member and is
required to meet at least once a year but can meet more often as

Human Rights Watch is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. By focusing international attention where human rights are violated, we give voice to the oppressed and hold oppressors accountable for their crimes. Our rigorous, objective investigations and strategic, targeted advocacy build intense pressure for action and raise the cost of human rights abuse. For 30 years, Human Rights Watch has worked tenaciously to lay the legal and moral groundwork for deep-rooted change and has fought to bring greater justice and security to people around the world.