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Egypt-Inspired Protests Across Middle East Meet Violent Clampdown

Palestinian Authority, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, UAE, Yemen Suppress Demonstrations


Governments in the Arab world have violently dispersed
demonstrations apparently inspired by or in solidarity with Egypt's
democracy protesters and have detained some of the organizers, Human
Rights Watch said today.

The security forces' clampdown is part and parcel of regular
prohibitions on public gatherings in Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, the
United Arab Emirates, the West Bank, and Yemen. These governments
curtail free expression and assembly despite the fact that almost all of
the region's countries have signed international agreements protecting
both rights, Human Rights Watch said.

"Images of the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt have mesmerized the
Arab public but have terrified their rulers," said Sarah Leah Whitson,
Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. "They have
responded with their usual mix of repression and intimidation to nip the
buds of any wider democratic blossoming."

Palestinian Authority/Hamas
The Palestinian Authority's police used violence against
peaceful demonstrators during a rally in Ramallah on February 2, 2011,
to support the protesters in Egypt. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch
that regular police and "special forces," identifiable by their
uniforms, punched, kicked, and detained participants, as well as at
least two journalists and a Human Rights Watch research assistant.

On January 30, Palestinian Authority security had shut down a solidarity demonstration
in front of the Egyptian embassy in Ramallah, after calling in one of
the organizers for questioning multiple times on January 29 and ordering
him to cancel the event notice that he had created on Facebook.

Hamas authoritiesin the Gaza Strip quashed a
solidarity demonstration on January 31. The police arbitrarily arrested
six women and threatened to arrest another 20 people, who had responded
to a call on Facebook for a demonstration, as soon as they arrived at
the Park of the Unknown Soldier in Gaza City.


In Syria, security services detained five young demonstrators for a
few hours each during a series of protests in solidarity with Egyptian
protesters and to protest corruption and high cell phone communication
costs. One was arrested on January 29, the first day of the protests,
another on February 2, and three on February 3.

On February 2, a group of 20 people in civilian clothing beat and
dispersed 15 demonstrators who had assembled in Bab Touma in old
Damascus to hold a candlelight vigil for Egyptian demonstrators. Police
nearby failed to intervene, one of the gathering's organizers told Human
Rights Watch. When demonstrators went to the local police station to
file a complaint, a security official insulted and slapped Suheir
Atassi, one of the main organizers, and accused her of being a "germ"
and an agent of foreign powers. Syria's security services had summoned
more than 10 activists to pressure them not to demonstrate.

On February 4, the police detained Ghassan al-Najjar,
an elderly leader of a small group called the Islamic Democratic
Current, after he issued public calls for Syrians in Aleppo to
demonstrate for more freedom in their country.

The UAE's State Security arrested Hasan Muhammad al-Hammadi, an
active board member of the Teachers Association in the UAE, on February
4 at his house in Khour Fakkan, a city in the emirate of Sharjah.
Al-Hammadi had spoken out publicly in solidarity with the Egyptian
demonstrators earlier in the day during a mosque sermon. He remains in

Saudi Arabia
Saudi security forces briefly arrested between 30 and 50
demonstrators in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, after noon prayers on January 28,
Reuters news service and individual sources reported. A Saudi dissident
in London, Dr. Sa'd al-Faqih, allegedly called for the demonstrations
via his satellite TV program to protest the chaos caused by recent heavy
rains, which caused flooding in the city that led to deaths and cuts to
electricity. Police arrested demonstrators as soon as they gathered,
with dozens of others scattering.

Saudi Arabiahas no law regulating assembly and
bans political demonstrations through executive orders. On December 21,
Interior Ministry officials summoned Saudi citizens who had planned a
peaceful sit-in for December 23 to demand better jobs, health care,
education, and urge reform, including an end to corruption, ordering
them to cancel the protest, which they did.


Sudanese authorities used excessive force during largely peaceful protests
on January 30 and 31 in Khartoum and other northern cities to call for
an end to the National Congress Party (NCP) rule and government-imposed
price increases. One student, Mohammed Abderahman, reportedly died from
injuries inflicted by security forces on January 30, activists said.
Human Rights Watch could not independently confirm the death, but called
on the Sudanese government to investigate the allegations immediately.
The protesters, organized by youth and student movements using Facebook
and other electronic media, rallied in public places and on university
campuses in Khartoum, Omdurman, El Obeid, and other towns.
Witnesses in Khartoum and Omdurman reported that armed riot
police and national security personnel dispersed groups of protesters
using pipes, sticks, and teargas, injuring several people and preventing
some people from joining the protests. Some protesters threw rocks at
riot police, but most were peaceful, witnesses said. The majority of
those arrested were released within hours, but more than 20 are still
missing and believed to be held by national security forces.
Sudanese authorities also targeted journalists and censored
newspapers covering the protests. On February 2, security officials
arrested more than a dozen staff of al-Maidan, the communist
newspaper, and they have arrested more student activists and opposition
party members in an apparent crackdown on opponents of the ruling party.


In southern Yemen, where security forces have violently suppressed
large protests against the central government and for secession for over
three years, police and military forces used live and rubber bullets to
disperse protesters on February 3.
Six people were injured and 28 arrested, the Yemeni Observatory
for Human Rights reported. The Observatory also reported that government
supporters had attacked protesters. Among those arrested was a
journalist, Abd al-Hafith Mu'jib. Six people remain detained at the
Criminal Investigation Department. A Yemeni human rights activist
identified them as: Abd al-Alim al-Quds, Fatah Mahdi, Muhammad Ali
'Ubud, Mahmud Yasin al-Saqqaf, Mushir Abd al-Malik, and Nasir 'Ashal.


In Bahrain, a new group on Facebook has issued a call for a "Day of
Rage," the term used in Egypt, on February 14. The government shut down
the Facebook page.
Human Rights Watch called on Arab governments to guarantee their
citizens the right to assemble peacefully to express their views, and to
abolish laws that restrict speech and assembly.

"Rather than learn the lessons of Cairo and Tunis, Arab leaders are
keeping their heads in the sand, insisting on stifling even the smallest
public gatherings," Whitson said.

Human Rights Watch is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. By focusing international attention where human rights are violated, we give voice to the oppressed and hold oppressors accountable for their crimes. Our rigorous, objective investigations and strategic, targeted advocacy build intense pressure for action and raise the cost of human rights abuse. For 30 years, Human Rights Watch has worked tenaciously to lay the legal and moral groundwork for deep-rooted change and has fought to bring greater justice and security to people around the world.