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Chileans celebrate the presidential election results

Supporters of Chilean president-elect Gabriel Boric celebrate following the official results of the runoff election in Santiago on December 19, 2021. (Photo: Martin Bernetti/AFP via Getty Images)

'We Will Bury Neoliberalism': Global Celebration Follows Leftist Victory in Chile

"At last. The specter of Pinochet is removed from Chile," declared former Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis.

Jake Johnson

Socialist Gabriel Boric's victory in Chile's high-stakes presidential election Sunday was hailed by progressives worldwide as an inspiring example of how a democratic groundswell can overcome deeply entrenched forces of reaction and chart a path toward a more just, equal, and sustainable future.

"If Chile was the cradle of neoliberalism, it will also be its grave."

Riding a massive wave of anger at Chile's neoliberal political establishment and the economic inequities it has perpetuated, Boric—a 35-year-old former student activist—handily defeated José Antonio Kast, a lawyer and politician whom one commentator characterized as "easily as reactionary as far-right dictator Augusto Pinochet," the leader of the U.S.-backed military junta that ruled Chile with an iron fist for nearly two decades.

"At last. The specter of Pinochet is removed from Chile," declared former Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis, a co-founder of Progressive International, which sent members of its observatory to monitor the election and ensure fairness.

"Congratulations to fellow Progressive International member Gabriel Boric," Varoufakis added. "The hard work to redistribute wealth in Chile begins now."

The Peace and Justice Project, an organization founded by former British Labour Party Leader Jeremy Corbyn, expressed hope that Boric's resounding win will usher in "a bright new dawn in Latin American politics."

Boric, who ran on the promise to undo the lingering vestiges of Pinochet's regime, will become the youngest president in Chile's history when he takes office in March. The transition of power comes amid national turmoil fueled by the Covid-19 pandemic and deep-seated economic and political crises that have made the South American nation one of the most unequal OECD countries.

Last month, Chileans voted by an overwhelming margin to rewrite the nation's Pinochet-era constitution, an indication of the widespread desire for systemic change.

"If Chile was the cradle of neoliberalism, it will also be its grave. Do not be afraid of the youth changing this country," said Boric, who has vowed to cancel student debt, impose higher taxes on the wealthy, oppose environmentally destructive mining initiatives, and scrap Chile's private pension system—another leftover from the Pinochet regime.

"We are a generation that emerged in public life demanding our rights be respected as rights and not treated like consumer goods or a business," Boric said in his victory speech Sunday. "We no longer will permit that the poor keep paying the price of Chile's inequality."

Leftist leaders across South America—including Bolivian President Luis Arce, Peruvian President Pedro Castillo, and former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva—celebrated Boric's win over his far-right opponent as a triumph for democracy.

"The victory you have achieved is that of the Chilean people and the Latin American peoples share it," Castillo tweeted late Sunday. "Let us continue fighting for the unity of our nations."

Progressive International member Convergencia Social, the left-wing political party led by Boric, said in a statement Monday that "for decades, our people have expressed their dreams and hopes on the streets and in the squares."

"Through creativity and hope, we have built the road to a new Chile, one that is more democratic, one with social rights and a new way of relating to the environment," the party said. "Now, we will travel down that road to a new Chile. Together, we will bury neoliberalism and rebuild the world."


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