On Wednesday—despite opposition from 172 Republicans—the Democrat-controlled U.S. House of Representatives passed legislation to reauthorize the historic Violence Against Women Act.
Despite the well-documented and ongoing abuses suffered by women in the United States, only 29 House Republicans voted for the legislation intended to help eradicate violence against women.
Democratic political volunteer Jake Lobin tweeted Wednesday that "172 Republicans voted against renewing the Violence Against Women Act today because they see no problem with violence against women."
If ultimately signed into law, the legislation—reintroduced by Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas), House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.) and Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.)—would provide grants to state and local governments to improve services for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Noting President Joe Biden introduced the initial legislation, known as VAWA, Vice President Kamala Harris said "we need to end domestic violence and sexual assault," and urged the Senate to follow the House's lead.
"This is much-needed legislation," Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) said in a statement. "One in three women still experience domestic violence, and the coronavirus crisis has forced many women to quarantine in unsafe domestic situations. This bill makes investments on domestic violence prevention, improves access to housing for survivors, and works to better protect Native women and women of color. I am especially proud that it includes three of my amendments to better track the economic consequences of domestic violence."
Lawmakers and advocates celebrated the House's 244-172 vote to pass the VAWA bill:
Gender-based violence has no place in our society, laws, or institutions.— ACLU (@ACLU) March 18, 2021
Yesterday, the House passed the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act. It's time for the Senate to do the same. https://t.co/avkx308g64
In the CA State Legislature, I authored the Violence Against Women Act for the state of California.— Rep. Barbara Lee (@RepBarbaraLee) March 18, 2021
Yesterday, I voted to pass the #VAWA reauthorization in the House.
I'll never stop fighting for survivors in my district and across the country. pic.twitter.com/yE7TSL1scz
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Thank you so much to my friend, @AOC, who supported both #VAWA reauthorization and the cyber exploitation amendment today. Great seeing you today — always so grateful for your leadership. pic.twitter.com/y4BOfnuaYk— Katie Hill (@KatieHill4CA) March 18, 2021
The original bill passed in 1994 and was reauthorized repeatedly for decades until 2019 when the Republican-controlled Senate refused to reauthorize it on the objection to the gun control provisions included in the bill.
According to the national gun control advocacy group, Everytown for Gun Safety, an average of 53 women are shot and killed every month by an intimate partner and nearly one million women have reported being shot or shot at by intimate partners. According to research, the presence of a gun in a domestic violence situation increases the risk of homicide by 500%.
The updated bill aims to address firearm homicide with a provision to close what is referred to as the "boyfriend loophole" by preventing dating partners convicted of domestic violence or abuse from buying or owning guns. As the current law stands, gun purchase restriction is limited to only spouses or formerly married partners.
Every day Congress waits to enact stronger gun laws, more women die preventable, senseless deaths at the hands of armed misogynists and racists with easy access to arsenals.— Shannon Watts (@shannonrwatts) March 17, 2021
We need our elected leaders to act NOW. #stopasianhate #HR8 #HR1446 #VAWA https://t.co/MYNa9xML2k
Multiple lawmakers pointed out that reintroduction of the bill comes at a time when one in three women experience sexual or intimate partner violence during their lifetime, according to the World Health Organization.
Rep. Lauren Underwood (D-IL.) mentioned that statistic in a tweet saying she "voted to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act today with that sad truth on my mind."
Referred to as the "shadow pandemic," domestic violence has significantly spiked during Covid-19 lockdowns. The VAWA bill includes an amendment cosponsored by Omar and Rep. Rodney Davis (R-Ill.) that will "require the Department of Health and Human Services to include the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on survivors of domestic violence as it relates to their ability to maintain economic security."
Rep. Katie Porter (D-Calif.) posted on Twitter to laud the inclusion of her measure to the bill that will now include economic abuse as a form of domestic violence. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), between 21-60% of victims of intimate partner violence lose their jobs due to reasons stemming from the abuse. Victims of intimate partner violence lose a total of 8 million days of paid work each year.
"Each year, millions suffer domestic abuse in silence because they're financially dependent on their partners," Porter tweeted. "I'm proud my measure to integrate economic abuse as a form of domestic violence is included in the Violence Against Women Act, which the House voted to renew today."