Taking aim at the growing digital divide, which has been further exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic, Rep. James Clyburn and Sen. Amy Klobuchar on Thursday reintroduced a bill that would invest $94 billion in expanding and improving the nation's broadband infrastructure and making internet access more affordable.
"Access to broadband today will have the same dramatic impact on rural communities as the rural electrification efforts in the last century."
—Rep. James Clyburn
The Accessible, Affordable Internet for All Act (AAIA) (pdf), would use the funds to connect communities that lack any or adequate access to affordable high-speed internet service.
The ongoing pandemic—during which broadband is critical for remote work and study—has "put a big magnifying glass" on the issue of digital disparities, Klobuchar (D-Minn.) told USA Today.
Clyburn (D-S.C.), who in 2019 launched the Rural Broadband Task Force, first introduced the AAIA last year during the tenure of former President Donald Trump, who never followed through with his promise of a $2 trillion infrastructrue plan. A companion bill was introduced in the Senate; neither measure was ever brought to a vote. Clyburn is now pinning his hopes on President Joe Biden, who has also vowed to rebuild the nation's crumbling infrastructure and to bridge the digital divide.
If we can get an electricity line to everyone, we can get a fiber line to them too and this is the federal program that will do it.https://t.co/uhG60BVfdc
— EFF (@EFF) March 11, 2021
The vast bulk of the AAIA—around $80 billion—will go toward installing and expanding high-speed broadband nationwide. The bill also authorizes $6 billion for the Emergency Broadband Benefit Program, through which the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) offers discount internet service for qualified applicants—who are disproportionately Black, Latinx, and people with low incomes.
An additional $2 billion to $7 billion would fund the E-Rate program, which helps schools and libraries obtain affordable internet access and is part of the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan pandemic recovery and relief measure signed by Biden on Thursday.
"Access to broadband today will have the same dramatic impact on rural communities as the rural electrification efforts in the last century," Clyburn said in a statement. "When I formed the Rural Broadband Task Force, our mission was to address the digital divide. The disparate effects of that divide have been amplified during the Covid-19 pandemic and exposed the urgency of ensuring universal access to high-speed internet."
Klobuchar said in a statement that "when we invest in broadband infrastructure, we invest in opportunity for all Americans."
"In 2021, we should be able to bring high-speed internet to every family in America—regardless of their zip code," she added. "This legislation will help bridge the digital divide once and for all."
— Free Press (@freepress) March 11, 2021
The AAIA is supported by a broad range of digital, labor, consumer, and education advocacy groups. Matt Wood, general counsel and vice president of policy at Free Press, called the legislation "as necessary as ever."
"These kinds of smart public investments in broadband affordability and choice will ensure that the initial down payment on closing the digital divide in recent [Covid-19] relief bills is supported by enough funding and forward thinking to finish the job," Wood said in a statement.