Skip to main content

Sign up for our newsletter.

Quality journalism. Progressive values. Direct to your inbox.

Corporate gatekeepers and big tech monopolists are making it more difficult than ever for independent media to survive. Please chip in today.

"EPA admits that its approval of a toxic pesticide cocktail including 2,4-D for widespread use may affect endangered species, including the whooping crane, one of the most endangered animals on earth," stated Earthjustice managing attorney Paul Achitoff.  (Photo:  Larry Johnson/flickr/cc)

'Agent Orange' Herbicide Threatens Irreparable Harm to Endangered Species, Suit Charges

Environmental Protection Agency violated Endangered Species Act in its approval of Enlist Duo herbicide, environmental groups say.

Andrea Germanos

The Environmental Protection Agency violated the law in approving a new herbicide for genetically modified crops, threatening "irreparable harm" to endangered species, a coalition farmers and environmental groups has charged.

The herbicide is Dow AgroSciences' Enlist Duo, which the EPA approved in October 2014 despite condemnation by environmental groups, scientists and citizens. Enlist Duo is a combination of the herbicides 2,4-D—one of the active ingredients in Agent Orange—and glyphosate—the main ingredient in Monsanto's Roundup. It is for use on the Dow Enlist-brand genetically engineered corn and soy crops, already approved by the USDA.

EPA's approval of the new herbicide was promptly met with a lawsuit by the groups, which includes the Center for Food Safety, Pesticide Action Network and the Center for Biological Diversity, who charged that the agency neither adequately considered the human impacts of its use nor—in violation of its duties under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)—consulted with the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to verify that the approval would not adversely harm listed species or their critical habitat.

Building on that suit, the groups stated in a motion filed late Friday that the Court should issue a stay "to prevent irreparable harm to protected species, and by two endangered species"—the whooping crane (Grus americana) and the Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis).

EPA needed, according to ESA, to consult with FWS and/or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) regarding potential impacts of the approval on listed species, but it didn't.

"Instead, after acknowledging that its registration of Enlist Duo 'may affect' listed species, EPA relied entirely on its own internal assessments of the risks to conclude that the substantial increase in 2,4-D use ultimately will have 'no effect' on any listed species or designated critical habitat. The manner in which EPA came to this purported 'no effect' determination flatly violates this Court’s consistent interpretation of the ESA’s requirements," the motion states.

"EPA’s assumption that only endangered plants and animals in the sprayed fields themselves, or those that feed on such plants and animals, may be affected by the spraying is arbitrary and capricious," it continues.

"EPA is well aware that pesticides routinely drift and affect public health and wildlife beyond the fields in which they are sprayed. To ignore this known risk and avoid consultation with other expert agencies is unlawful and irresponsible," stated George Kimbrell, senior attorney for Center for Food Safety, in a statement issued Monday.

Earthjustice managing attorney Paul Achitoff added, "EPA admits that its approval of a toxic pesticide cocktail including 2,4-D for widespread use may affect endangered species, including the whooping crane, one of the most endangered animals on earth."

"We ask only that the Court decide whether EPA has violated the law, as we believe it has before putting these imperiled birds at further risk," Achitoff continued.

Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0). Feel free to republish and share widely.

We've had enough. The 1% own and operate the corporate media. They are doing everything they can to defend the status quo, squash dissent and protect the wealthy and the powerful. The Common Dreams media model is different. We cover the news that matters to the 99%. Our mission? To inform. To inspire. To ignite change for the common good. How? Nonprofit. Independent. Reader-supported. Free to read. Free to republish. Free to share. With no advertising. No paywalls. No selling of your data. Thousands of small donations fund our newsroom and allow us to continue publishing. Can you chip in? We can't do it without you. Thank you.

Omar Leads Charge Against Baby Formula Monopolies Amid US Shortage

Democrats urge the FTC to probe "any unfair or unsustainable practices, like deceptive marketing, price gouging, and stock buybacks, that may be weakening our nutritional formula supply."

Jessica Corbett ·

'Arbitrary, Racist, and Unfair': Judge Blocks Biden From Ending Title 42

"Only the coyotes profiteering off of people seeking protection have reason to celebrate this ill-reasoned ruling," said one migrant rights advocate.

Brett Wilkins ·

'This Is a War' for Democratic Party's Future, Says Sanders of AIPAC's Super PAC

"They are doing everything they can to destroy the progressive movement in this country," said the senator.

Julia Conley ·

Ginni Thomas Pressed Arizona Lawmakers to Reverse Biden's 2020 Win: Report

"Clarence Thomas' continued service on the Supreme Court is a scandalous and appalling breach of judicial ethics," said one observer. "He is implementing the exact same theories that his wife used to try to steal the 2020 election for Trump."

Brett Wilkins ·

Millions More Kids Going Hungry Since GOP, Manchin Killed Expanded Child Tax Credit

"Even brief disruptions in access to food can have lasting consequences," wrote the authors of a new analysis of worsening hunger among U.S. families.

Kenny Stancil ·

Common Dreams Logo