As parts of Alaska obliterated high-temperature records earlier this week, meteorologists and climate scientists warned that extreme heat and rainfall are the new normal in the nation\u0026#039;s largest state and other Arctic and subarctic zones.\r\n\r\n\u0022In and around the Arctic... temperatures have been rising around twice as fast as the rest of the planet.\u0022\r\n\r\nOn Sunday, the town of Kodiak in southern Alaska hit 67°F—seven degrees warmer than the daytime high in San Diego—and shattering the December record for Alaska by nine degrees, according to the National Weather Service. The town also broke the local December record by more than 20 degrees.\r\n\r\n\u0022I would not have thought such a thing possible,\u0022 Rick Thoman, a climate specialist at the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy, tweeted Tuesday.\r\n\r\nCNN meteorologist Brandon Miller said that \u0022we\u0026#039;ve become somewhat numb to these \u0026#039;never before seen\u0026#039; extremes in temperature and weather as climate change continues to push the envelope on what is possible all over the globe.\u0022\r\n\r\n\u0022In and around the Arctic this is especially true, where temperatures have been rising around twice as fast as the rest of the planet,\u0022 he added.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nWarmer air is wetter air, as higher temperatures mean the atmosphere can store more water vapor. Miller said this explains why more intense rainstorms and flooding are increasing along with global temperatures.\r\n\r\n\u0022Each degree Fahrenheit of warming can hold about 4% more water vapor,\u0022 he said, \u0022and much of Alaska was 40 degrees Fahrenheit or more above average temperatures for late December.\u0022\r\n\r\nParts of Alaska have suffered record rainfall this month. CNN reports Fairbanks has been inundated with 4.75\u0022 of liquid-equivalent precipitation for the month—more than 10 times the historical average.\r\n\r\nA study published last month in Nature Communications noted that \u0022as the Arctic continues to warm faster than the rest of the planet, evidence mounts that the region is experiencing unprecedented environmental change,\u0022 with \u0022the hydrological cycle... projected to intensify throughout the 21st century [and] increased evaporation from expanding open water areas and more precipitation.\u0022\r\n\r\nThe paper projected that Arctic winters will experience more rain than snow beginning sometime in the 2060s.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nExtreme temperatures aren\u0026#039;t just occurring during the Alaskan winters. In July 2019, Anchorage recorded an all-time high of 90°F. In July 2021, the record-breaking heatwave during which Lytton, British Columbia set a Canadian record of 121°F triggered a 2.7-magnitude cryoseism, or \u0022ice quake,\u0022 near Juneau, Alaska\u0026#039;s capital, as 92-degree heat melted glacier ice that subsequently saturated into the soil and then rapidly refroze.\r\n\r\nWildfires—which accelerate global heating by releasing massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere—are also increasing along with Alaska\u0026#039;s rising temperatures.\r\n\r\nScientists also warn that thawing Arctic permafrost in the northern parts of the state constitutes a \u0022geological time bomb\u0022 set to release potentially devastating quantities of methane—a super-potent greenhouse gas whose emissions are roughly 87 times more potent than carbon dioxide emissions over a 20-year period—into the atmosphere.