As the world nears the one-year mark from when the coronavirus outbreak was officially declared a pandemic, a United Nations envoy raised alarm Monday about the looming threat of food shortages, explaining that many problems which experts warned about in the early days of the crisis have been deferred rather than resolved.
"We are facing a greater threat this year, as economies have shrunk," Agnes Kalibata, special envoy to the U.N. secretary-general for the food systems summit 2021, told The Guardian in an exclusive interview. "That is happening across the globe, everywhere. Countries are in a very distressed situation, and it is not getting easier—it is getting more difficult. Some countries have hung on, but for how long?"
"We have not been able to strengthen our reserves. Now they are under pressure."
—Agnes Kalibata, U.N. special envoy
Though food chain supply issues and increased demand for hunger relief have impacted countries around the world, including the United States, during the pandemic, Kalibata highlighted rising prices in Thailand and various African countries. She is president of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)—which has earned her some criticism—and formerly served as Rwanda's minister of agriculture.
The U.N. expert said that in the face of the public health crisis the past year, "many countries used whatever opportunity they had to keep their food systems going."
Alongside a Covid-19 death toll that keeps climbing despite multiple vaccines, "the price of food is increasing in some cases very fast, which is really challenging. As the coronavirus pandemic and the global economic crisis it has provoked continue, more countries are likely to be drawn into difficulties," added Kalibata. "We have not been able to strengthen our reserves. Now they are under pressure."
In other words, she said, "food is looking more challenging this year than last year."
“#FoodSystems have contracted, because of Covid-19. And food has become more expensive and, in some places, out of reach for people. Food is looking more challenging this year than last year.” – @Agnes_Kalibata @FoodSystems#NutritionYearOfActionhttps://t.co/5fRrLfEIKp
— Nutrition for Growth (@nutritionwin) February 15, 2021
Kalibata, whose comments come ahead of a food systems summit expected in September, emphasized the importance of making food both accessible—by continuing to move it from where it's produced to where it's distributed—and affordable, especially considering that people worldwide are still losing jobs and income.
"The economy is shrinking and that is impacting millions of people," she said, encouraging governments to stay vigilant amid vaccines rollouts. "Social protection is very important. We also need to keep prices down, we need to keep food available, and we need to strengthen markets, ensure markets are working despite the crisis."
Echoing a wide range of experts throughout the pandemic—such as renowned primatologist and conservationist Jane Goodall, who declared in June that "we have brought this on ourselves because of our absolute disrespect for animals and the environment"—Kalibata also called for learning from how humanity's destruction of nature has heigthened the threat posed by zoonotic diseases, saying that "we need to look at how we as human beings manage the planet."
The Guardian's report came on the heels of an opinion piece Kalibata wrote last week for Devex, a media platform for the global development community, arguing that "global food systems can only be truly transformed with a people's summit," in anticipation of the September event, the planning for which preceded the pandemic.
"Democratizing the discussion about food systems is vital because people do not eat ideas and policies, they eat food grown and delivered by other people."@Agnes_Kalibata on the vital importance of inclusivity in #FoodSystems transformation via @Devex:https://t.co/fT1Qq7voVC
— UN Food Systems Summit 2021 (@FoodSystems) February 10, 2021
Kalibata made the case that countries, governments, and the public "need to transform the way they engage with and think about entire food systems," recognizing that current systems don't work for many, especially the world's most marginalized and vulnerable. She wrote that "not only does the planet need improved policies, markets, and processes, it also needs new mechanisms for developing this reimagined system, from the first seed to the last spoonful."
Looking ahead to what she called a "make or break" year, Kalibata also reflected on "success stories during the pandemic"—pointing to crowdsourced meals and mock COP26 talks by youth climate activists—as a source of "hope for what can be achieved when people around the world are enabled and encouraged to join forces for good."
Making global food systems "more inclusive, nutritious, sustainable, and resilient," she explained, requires participation from "public and private sectors, companies and consumers, authorities and individuals," who are all willing to share "platforms, ideas, and learnings on a global level like never before."
To that end, she noted the Food Systems Summit Dialogues as well as a network of "Food Systems Champions and Heroes to advocate not only for better food systems but for better and greater engagement from everyone."
"So, in 2021, I hope to see governments working more closely with the private sector and taking on recommendations on how to manage trade-offs, including repurposing agricultural subsidies toward producing healthier and more sustainable food," she wrote. "Retailers and consumers also have a responsibility to reduce food waste, and civil society can be an engine of engagement better to drive progress."