Industrial Agriculture and Human Survival: The Road Beyond 10/10/10

Note: Climate and food activists are organizing thousands of "work
parties" in 170 nations on October 10, 2010 (10/10/10). These work parties are
designed to both highlight local projects that can help reverse global warming,
and to force politicians to take decisive action - before it's too late.

Despite decades of deception
and mystification, a critical mass at the grassroots is waking up.

Note: Climate and food activists are organizing thousands of "work
parties" in 170 nations on October 10, 2010 (10/10/10). These work parties are
designed to both highlight local projects that can help reverse global warming,
and to force politicians to take decisive action - before it's too late.

Despite decades of deception
and mystification, a critical mass at the grassroots is waking up. A new generation of food and climate
activists understands that greenhouse gas-belching fossil fuels, industrial
food and farming, and our entire global economy pose a mortal threat,
not just to our present health and well being, but also to human survival. Given the severity of the Crisis,
we have little choice but to step up our efforts. As 35,000 climate activists at
the historic global climate summit in April of 2010 in Cochabamba, Bolivia
shouted, "We must change the System, not the climate."

"Changing the System," means defending
our selves, the future generations, and the biological carrying capacity of the
planet from the ravages of "profit at any cost" capitalism. "Changing the
System," means safeguarding our delicately balanced climate, soils, oceans, and
atmosphere from the fatal consequences of fossil fuel-induced climate change. "Changing
the System" means exposing, dismantling, and replacing, not just individual out-of-control
corporations like Monsanto, Halliburton, and British Petroleum, and out-of-control
technologies like gene-altered crops and mountaintop removal; but our entire
chemical and energy-intensive industrial economy, starting, at least for many of
us, with Food Inc.'s destructive system of industrial food and farming. "Changing
the system," means going on the offensive and dismantling the most
controversial and vulnerable flanks of our suicide economy: coal plants, gas
guzzlers, the military-industrial complex, and industrial agriculture's Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs) and factory farms.

Frankenfoods and Industrial Agriculture

Highly subsidized GM
crops - comprising 40% of U.S. cropland, and 10% of global crops - and the junk
food and unhealthy processed foods and beverages derived from them, are the
most profitable and strategically important components of industrial agriculture.
Taxpayer subsidized GMOs and
factory farms allow Food Inc. (corporate agribusiness) to poison the public and
pollute the atmosphere and environment. Subsidized GM and monoculture crops - along
with cheap soy, corn, and chemical additives - allow the McDonald's,
Cargills and Wal-Marts of the world to sell junk food, meat, and beverages at
much lower prices than healthy, non-chemical foods. GMO crops and their
companion pesticides and chemical fertilizers are the cash cows and vanguard of
a global farming and food distribution system that consumes prodigious amounts
of fossil fuels and emits tremendous amount of climate-destabilizing greenhouse
gases. GMOs provide the ideological and technological foundation for the factory
farms and mono-crop plantations that are destroying the climate, the soils, and
the planet. Either we bring them down, or they will bring us down.

According to Monsanto and the
global war on bugs, war on biodiversity, chemical
farming lobby, patented GMO seeds, crops, biofuels, animals, and trees can miraculously
kill pests, reduce pesticide use, boost yields, alleviate world hunger, reduce
petroleum use, and help farmers adapt to drought, pestilence, and global
warming. As a growing "Millions Against Monsanto" corps understand, the Biotech Bullies are
dangerous liars. Industrial agriculture, GMOs, and so-called cheap food have
destroyed public health and wrecked the environment. Genetically Modified (GM)
crops have neither reduced pesticide use, nor chemical fertilizer use. They
kill pests, but they also give rise to superweeds and superpests. GM crops,
like all industrial monoculture crops, use vast amounts of fossil fuel and water.
GMO and their companion chemicals (pesticides and chemical fertilizers) destroy
the greenhouse gas sequestering capacity of living soils and kill off
non-patented plants, trees, and animals. Most GM crops, 90% of which are
derived from Monsanto's patented seeds, are genetically engineered to boost the
sales of toxic pesticides such as Roundup, and thereby increase toxic pesticide
residues in foods. GM crops do not produce higher yields, nor provide more
nutritious foods. GM soybeans, the most important industrial agriculture crop, along
with corn, consistently have lower yields, while chemical-intensive GM food
crops contain far fewer vitamins and essential trace minerals than organic
foods. Nor has gene-splicing (unlike organic farming) produced plant or tree varieties
that can adapt to global warming. Nonetheless GM crops remain Food Inc.'s propaganda
"poster child."

The unfortunate bottom line
is that 65 years of chemical and GM agriculture, a literal World War Three on
public health, rural communities, and the environment, have nearly killed us.
Humans and our living environment have been poisoned, not only by pesticides, nitrate
fertilizers, greenhouse gas pollution, and contaminated factory-farmed food,
but also by the mutant organisms and patented chemical residues that accompany
these genetically modified foods and crops. Either we make the Great Transition
to a relocalized economy whose foundation is renewable energy and solar-based
(as opposed to GMO and petroleum-based) organic food and fiber production, or else
we are destined to burn up the planet and destroy ourselves.

Despite mass media
brainwashing ("Better living through chemistry... Monsanto can feed the world...
GMO crops and trees can reduce fossil fuel use and climate-destabilizing
greenhouse gases..."), consumers and farmers are seeing through the lies. Defying
the efforts of the powerful industrial agriculture/biotech lobby, a growing
number of activists and concerned citizens are connecting the dots and taking
action. As a consequence Monsanto has become one of the most hated corporations on earth.

A critical mass of research reveals that genetically
engineered crops, now covering almost 40% of U.S. cropland (173 million acres
of GM crops) and 10% of global farm acreage (321 million acres), pollute the
environment, kill essential soil micro-organisms, generate superweeds and pests, decrease biodiversity, aid and abet seed
monopolization, encourage massive use of toxic pesticides and chemical fertilizer, spew out massive amounts of
climate-destabilizing greenhouse gases, and seriously damage animal and human health.

Injecting genetically
engineered hormones into dairy cows to force them to give more milk is reckless
and dangerous. Monsanto's genetically engineered Bovine Growth Hormone rBGH, now marketed by Eli Lilly, increases
the risks of breast, prostate, and colon cancer for those who consume the milk.
It also severely damages the health of the cows. Residue levels of Monsanto's
toxic herbicide, Roundup, found routinely in non-organic foods, destroy animal
and human reproductive systems.

Haphazardly ramming
indeterminate amounts of patented foreign DNA, bacteria, and
antibiotic-resistant genes into the genomes of already non-sustainable energy
and pesticide-intensive crops and foods (corn, soy, cotton, canola, sugar
beets, alfalfa) in order to increase the sales of Monsanto or Bayer's GMO
companion herbicides or to facilitate monopoly control over seeds by the Gene
Giants is not only non-sustainable, but criminal.

Rejection of this out-of-control
GM technology is a major driving force in the rapid growth of organic food and
farming, as well as the growing demand for mandatory safety testing and
labeling of GMOs. In the EU, where GM-tainted foods must be labeled, GMO crops
are almost non-existent (although large quantities of GM animal feed are still
being imported into the EU from the U.S., Canada, Brazil, and Argentina).

Local and organic food
production is now growing faster than GMO/industrial food and farming;
improving public health and nutrition, reducing fossil fuel use and greenhouse
gas pollution, sequestering billions of tons of CO2 in the soil (up to seven
tons of CO2 per acre per year), and providing economic survival for a growing
number of the world's 2.8 billion small farmers and rural villagers. The growth
of organic agriculture and relocalized food and farming systems are encouraging,
but obviously organics are still the alternative, rather than the norm.

As we enter into the Brave
New World of global warming and climate chaos, many organic advocates are
starting to realize that we need to put more emphasis, not just on the health
and pollution hazards of GMOs; but rather we need to broaden our efforts and
mobilize to abolish the entire system of industrial food and farming. As we are
now learning, industrial agriculture and factory farming are in fact a primary (if
not the primary) cause of global warming and deforestation. Even if were able
to rip up all of Monsanto's GMO crops tomorrow, business as usual,
chemical-intensive, energy-intensive industrial agriculture is enough to kill
us all. On the other hand, if we're going to take down industrial agriculture, one
of the best ways to leverage our efforts is to target the most hated
corporation in the world, Monsanto.

Besides contaminating our
food, destroying the environment and moving, by any means necessary, to gain
monopoly control over seeds and biodiversity, Monsanto and their Food Inc. collaborators
are guilty of major "climate crimes." These crimes include: confusing the
public about the real causes of (and solutions to) global warming; killing the
soil's ability to sequester greenhouse gases; releasing massive amounts of greenhouse
gases (CO2, methane and nitrous oxide) into the atmosphere; promoting bogus industrial
corn and soy-derived biofuels (which use just as many fossil fuel, and release
just as many greenhouse gases as conventional fuels); monopolizing seed stocks
and taking climate-friendly varieties off the market; promoting genetically
engineered trees; and last but not least, advocating dangerous geoengineering
schemes such as massive GM plantations of trees or plants than reflect

The negotiators and heads of state at the
December 2009 Copenhagen Climate negotiations abandoned the summit with
literally no binding agreement on meaningful greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide,
nitrous oxide, methane, and black carbon) reduction, and little or no
acknowledgement of the major role that industrial food and farming practices
play in global warming. Lulled by the world's leaders vague promises to reduce
global warming, and still believing that new technological breakthroughs can
save us, the average citizen has no idea how serious the present climate crisis
actually is. A close look at present (non-legally binding)
pledges by the Obama Administration and other governments to reduce GHG
pollution shows that their proposed, slightly modified "business as usual"
practices will still result in a disastrous global average temperature increase
of 3.5 to 3.9 C by 2100, according to recent studies. This will not only burn
up the Amazon, the lungs of the planet, but also transform the Arctic into a region
that is 10 to 16 degrees C warmer, releasing most of the region's permafrost
carbon and methane and unknown quantities of methane hydrates, in the process basically
putting an end to human beings' ability to live on the planet.

We are literally staring disaster in the
face. In the follow up to the Copenhagen Climate
Summit this year, which is to be held in Cancun, Mexico (Nov. 29-Dec. 10) we,
as members of global civil society, must raise our voices loud and clear. We
must make it clear that we are years, not decades away, from detonating runaway
feedback mechanisms (heating up and burning up the Amazon and melting the
permafrost) that can doom us all.

Industrial Food and Farming: A Deadly Root of Global Warming

Although transportation, industry, and energy
producers are obviously major fossil fuel users and greenhouse gas polluters,
not enough people understand that the worst U.S. and global greenhouse gas
emitter is "Food Incorporated," transnational industrial food and farming, of
which Monsanto and GMOs constitute a major part. Industrial farming, including
173 million acres of GE soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, and sugar beets, accounts
for at least 35% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions (EPA's ridiculously low
estimates range from 7% to 12%, while some climate scientists feel the figure
could be as high as 50% or more).

Industrial agriculture, biofuels, and non-sustainable
cattle grazing - including cutting down the last remaining tropical rainforests
in Latin America and Asia for GMO and chemical-intensive animal feed and
biofuels - are also the main driving forces in global deforestation and wetlands
destruction, which generate an additional 20% of all climate destabilizing

other words the direct (food, fiber, and biofuels production, food processing,
food distribution) and indirect damage (deforestation and destruction of
wetlands) of industrial agriculture, GMOs, and the food industry are the major
cause of global warming. Unless we take down Monsanto and Food Inc. and make the
Great Transition to a relocalized system of organic food and farming, we and
our children are doomed to reside in Climate Hell.

Overall 78% of climate destabilizing greenhouse
gases come from CO2, while the remainder come from methane, nitrous oxide, and
black carbon or soot. To stabilize the climate we will need to drastically
reduce all of these greenhouse gas emissions, not just CO2, and sequester twice
as much carbon matter in the soil (through organic farming and ranching, and
forest and wetlands restoration) as we are doing presently.

Currently GMO and industrial/factory farms
(energy and chemical-intensive) farms emit at least 25% of the carbon dioxide
(mostly from tractors, trucks, combines, transportation, cooling, freezing, and
heating); 40% of the methane (mostly from massive herds of animals belching and
farting, and manure ponds); and 96% of nitrous oxide (mostly from synthetic
fertilizer manufacture and use, the millions of tons of animal manure from factory-farmed
cattle herds, pig and poultry flocks, and millions of tons of sewage sludge
spread on farms). Black carbon or soot comes primarily from older diesel
engines, slash and burn agriculture, and wood cook stoves.

Per ton, methane is 21 times more damaging, and
nitrous oxide 310 times more damaging, as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide, when measured over a one
hundred year period. Damage is even worse if you look at the impact on global
warming over the next crucial 20-year period. Many climate scientists admit
that they have previously drastically underestimated the dangers of the non-CO2
GHGs, including methane, soot, and nitrous oxide, which are responsible for at
least 22% of global warming.

Almost all U.S. food and farm-derived methane
comes from factory farms, huge herds of confined cows, hogs, and poultry
operations, in turn made possible by heavily subsidized ($15 billion per year)
GMO soybeans, corn, cottonseed, and canola; as well as rotting food waste
thrown into landfills instead of being separated out of the solid waste stream
and properly composted. To drastically reduce C02, methane, and nitrous oxide releases
we need an immediate consumer boycott, followed by a government ban on factory
farms, dairies, and feedlots. To reduce black carbon or soot emissions we will
need to upgrade old diesel engines, and provide farmers and rural villagers in
the developing world with alternatives to slash and burn agriculture (compost,
compost tea, biochar) and non-polluting cook stoves and home heating.

We also need to implement mandatory separation
and recycling of food wastes and "green garbage" (yard waste, tree branches,
etc.) at the municipal level, so that that we can reduce methane emissions from
landfills. Mandatory composting will also enable us to produce large quantities
of high quality organic compost to replace the billions of pounds of chemical
fertilizer and sewage sludge, which are releasing GHGs, destroying soil
fertility, polluting our waters, and undermining public health.

Nearly all nitrous oxide pollution comes from
dumping billions of pounds of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer and sewage sludge
on farmland (chemical fertilizers and sludge are banned on organic farms and
ranches), mainly to grow GMO crops and animal feed. Since about 80% of U.S.
agriculture is devoted to producing non-organic, non-grass fed meat, dairy, and
animal products, reducing agriculture GHGs means eliminating the overproduction
and over-consumption of GMO crops, factory-farmed meat, and animal products. It
also means creating massive consumer demand for organic foods, including
pasture-raised, grass-fed animal products.

The fact that climate change
is now metastasizing into climate chaos is indisputable: massive flooding in
Pakistan, unprecedented forest fires in Russia and the Amazon, melting of the
glaciers that supply water for crops and drinking water of a billion people in
Asia and South America, crop failures in regions all over the globe, record heat
waves in the U.S. and Europe, methane leaking from the Arctic tundra and
coastlines, killer hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico and Central America, and steadily
spreading pestilence, crop failures, and disease. The realization that every
time we eat non-organic processed food, we are ingesting unlabeled, hazardous
GMO foods and pesticides is indeed alarming. But the impending threat of industrial
food and farming detonating runaway climate change (i.e. moving from our
current .8 degree Centigrade average global rise in temperature to 2-6 degrees)
is terrifying. Either we rein in industrial food and farming and GMOs,
out-of-control politicians and corporations, and make the transition to an
organic and green economy or we will perish.

The hour is late. Leading climate scientists
such as Dr. James Hansen of NASA and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change have delivered the final warning. "Business as usual" equals
unimaginable disaster.

Leading greenhouse gas polluters (namely the US,
Canada, Europe, Japan, Russia, India, and China) must slash CO2, methane, soot,
and nitrous oxide emissions by 20-40% as soon as possible, 50% by 2010, and
80-90% by the year 2050. Continued business as usual, especially in the
strategic GM and industrial food and farming sector, means we will inevitably burn
up the Amazon and remaining tropical forests; acidify and kill the oceans; generate
mega-drought, violent floods, crop failures, endless resource wars, melt the
polar icecaps, precipitate a disastrous rise in ocean levels, and finally bring
about the coup de grace that will kill us all, releasing massive amount of
methane from the frozen tundra and shallow ocean floors of the Arctic.

Of course dismantling industrial agriculture and
transitioning our food and farming system to one which is local and organic is
not the only thing global civil society must do (since this will only take care
of 50% of global greenhouse gas pollution), but it is the most crucial and
effective measure we can take as food consumers and farmers. While we retool
industrial food and farming, the global grassroots must also step-up our
struggles in the other energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) sectors: stopping the construction
of coal plants; stopping the deforestation in the Amazon, Indonesia, and
Malaysia; changing the electrical grid from being powered predominately by coal
to solar, wind, and geothermal; drastically reducing oil consumption in the
transportation and housing sectors; and last but not least, dismantling the
trillion dollar military-industrial complex. Let me repeat this last point. Until the U.S. and EU get out
of Iraq and Afghanistan, and drastically slash U.S. and world military
spending, we will never be able to free up sufficient resources to build an
organic and green economy.

Either we radically reduce CO2, as well as
methane, nitrous oxide, and soot pollution (the so-called C02e--carbon dioxide
equivalents) to 350 ppm (currently at 390 parts per million and rising 2 ppm
per year) or there is no future. As scientists warned at the Copenhagen Climate
Summit, "business as usual" and a corresponding 2-6 degree Celsius rise in
global temperatures means that the carrying capacity of the Earth in 2100 will
collapse to one billion people. Under these conditions, billions will die of
thirst, cold, heat, disease, war, and starvation. Those who don't die may wish
that they had.

Farming and Ranching Can Reverse Global Warming

The currently catastrophic, but largely
unrecognized, GHG damage from GMO crops and industrial food production and
distribution must be reversed. This will involve wholesale changes in farming
practices, government subsidies, food processing and handling. In the U.S. it
will require the conversion of a million chemical farms and ranches to organic
production. It will require the establishment of millions of urban backyard and
community gardens, and the restoration of prairielands, forests, and wetlands.

If consumer rebellion and grassroots
mobilization cannot force U.S. factory farmers to change the way they farm,
process, and ship their products it will be almost impossible to deal with
catastrophic U.S. greenhouse gas emissions
and climate change.

On a very hopeful note, however, if farmers

do change, stop planting GMOs, and make the transition to organic
farming, farm and ranch land can become a significant sink or sequestration
pool for greenhouse gasses, literally sucking excess greenhouse gases out of
the atmosphere and the ozone layer and sequestering them safely in the soil,
where they belong. The overly
saturated global atmosphere now contains 800 billion tons of carbon. (For
climate stability purposes it should only contain 700 billion tons or less or
carbon). This is why the weather is changing. This is why we are experiencing a
climate crisis. If we are to survive, we not only need to keep the remaining
3.2 trillion tons of carbon in the soil, where it is now (instead of allowing
it to be released into the atmosphere as collateral damage from industrial
agriculture), but we must also capture and sequester (through organic soil and
land management) at least 100 billions tons of excess carbon that are currently
over-saturating the atmosphere.

Before the onslaught of industrial agriculture
in the 1940s, U.S. farm and forest soils contained and sequestered twice as
much climate-destabilizing carbon organic matter as they do today. Instead of
the one or two percent organic carbon matter of industrial agriculture's
farmland or rangeland today, traditional farm and ranch lands often had two to four
percent or more. With organically managed farms and ranches, a green urban
landscape, and nationwide reforestation we can literally suck excess greenhouse
gas pollution out of the sky and put it back where it belongs, in the living soil.

Planet Earth has five pools or repositories
where greenhouse gases are absorbed and stored: the oceans (which contain 40
trillion tons of carbon), the atmosphere (800 billion tons), the soils (3.2
trillion tons), plants and forests (650 billion tons), and hydrocarbon/fossil
fuel deposits (4 trillion tons).

Obviously we are doomed if we burn up
the remaining fossil fuels on the Earth and release the prodigious amounts of
greenhouse gases currently stored in the soil, oceans, plants, and forests.

Because U.S farm and forest soils are so
degraded from chemical-intensive, mono-crop farming practices and over-logging
they are only able to absorb and store half (or less) of the carbon matter than
they would be capable of if they were organically managed. As a result of this
reckless mismanagement, the atmosphere and the oceans are absorbing the bulk of
the greenhouse gases that normally would be absorbed by farmland, rangeland,
and forests. This has led to a catastrophic excess of GHGs in both the oceans
and the atmosphere. This excess has caused changes in climate and extreme
fluctuations in weather; including droughts and torrential flooding. It also
causes oceanic acidification, oceanic dead zones, and dramatic declines in fish
and crustacean populations.

Unfortunately, when they evaluate agricultural pollutants,
pro-industrial farming, pro-biotech government bureaucrats in the EPA and USDA
do not include many of the greenhouse gas emissions. They do not take into
account the transportation, cooling, freezing, and heating of farm products as
agricultural GHG emissions, even though our food travels an average of 1500-2000
miles to our tables and is routinely frozen and cooled to ensure its
deliverability. They don't count the CO2 and "black carbon" particle emissions
from trucks, tractors, combines, and other equipment used on farms. They don't
count the emissions from fertilizer manufacture or use, wasteful packaging,
sewage sludge spread on farm and range land, or the methane emitted from
factory farms and the billions of tons of rotting, non-composted food in our
landfills and garbage dumps. Instead, they lump--and thereby conceal--all these
farm and food related GHG emissions under the categories of industrial
manufacture, transportation, or electrical use. As a result, the public
spotlight never shines on mounting agricultural, food, garbage, and sludge

Because government officials deliberately fail
to evaluate the real farm and food-derived greenhouse gas emissions, they are
free to act as if the emissions coming from GMO crops and industrial food and
farming are not significant compared to the U.S. total, even though they
represent more than one-third of the total pollutants. Consequently, most
lawmakers and the public don't realize how urgent it is to regulate and
drastically curtail factory farm and Food Inc.'s emissions.

But for those of us who do
understand all this, it's time to move beyond polite discussion and say it out
loud: we must take down and dismantle Monsanto and Food Inc. We must get
political and get organized. We must declare our independence from the
Food-Biotech-Industrial Complex and build a new, relocalized, organic, and sustainable

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