For Immediate Release
Kirsten Stade (202) 265-7337; Dr. Adam Finkel (609) 258-4828
Workplace Exposures Rise as Osha Health Inspections Fall
OSHA Drifts in Wrong Direction by Further Misallocating Scarce Resources
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration is doing
fewer health inspections despite more workplace exposures to toxic and
hazardous substances, according to an analysis released today by Public
Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER). While workplace
exposures are linked to the premature deaths of 10 times more workers
than all workplace accidents combined, OSHA now spends less than 5% of
its limited resources on workplace health protection.
exposures are the eighth leading cause of death in this country,
resulting in more than 40,000 premature deaths per year from cancer,
neurological disease, cardiopulmonary disease, and other maladies. Yet
OSHA figures show a slump in health sampling that began in 1991:
number of exposure measurements taken is few and getting fewer. For the
most recent year (2007), OSHA took about 53,000 samples nationwide,
whereas it was collecting nearly three times as many samples in 1988,
at the end of the Reagan administration;
- At its current
rate of health inspections, it would take OSHA about 600 more years to
make any chemical exposure measurements at half the nation's industrial
facilities that handle hazardous substances; and
officials have taken no steps to reverse this trend, and continue to
stress targets for the total number of inspections completed. This
provides a powerful disincentive for inspectors to conduct
toxic-substance sampling, which can take several days to complete,
while an inspector can perform several construction safety inspections
in a single day.
The figures were derived from
preliminary analyses of a massive database of exposure measurements for
all federal and state inspections obtained by Dr. Adam Finkel, PEER
Board member and former director of health rulemaking for OSHA, through
a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit.
"The EPA has helped to
steadily lower the concentrations of toxic substances in our
communities and homes, but workers still are allowed to face levels
millions of times higher of the very same substances," stated Dr.
Finkel. "OSHA must reverse its ‘out of sight, out of mind' attitude
about the most important part of its mission."
exposure figures become even starker when looking at individual
substances. For example, methylene chloride (MC) is a neurotoxin and a
probable human carcinogen used in more than 90,000 establishments
nationwide. It is the last substance for which OSHA issued a specific
regulation without a court order (in 1997). Today, OSHA is sampling for
MC at the same low rate (about 30 companies per year nationwide) it was
before the regulation - a rate that will take it 1,600 years to sample
at half the facilities using MC. Preliminary analyses show that nearly
one-third of the facilities sampled in 2007 have average MC
concentrations above 100 parts per million - four times the legal
limit, and a level associated with an excess lifetime cancer risk of
roughly 1 chance in 100.
"Workplace exposures have spawned a
silent epidemic in America," said PEER Executive Director Jeff Ruch,
noting that the Obama nominee to head OSHA, Dr. David Michaels, begins
his Senate confirmation process in October. "The health risks in some
occupations are so high that your career choice can determine your life
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