Abortion rights advocates geared up for a major fight as the U.S. Supreme Court announced Monday it will soon hear arguments in Dobbs v. Jackson Women\u0026#039;s Health Organization, a case in Mississippi which poses a direct challenge to Roe vs. Wade.\r\n\r\nThe high court confirmed it will consider the case December 1 after months of speculation regarding when it would take up the dispute over Mississippi\u0026#039;s ban on most abortion care after 15 weeks of pregnancy.\r\n\r\nThe question before the court, as the Center for Reproductive Rights explains, is \u0022whether all pre-viability prohibitions on elective abortion are unconstitutional.\u0022 In the landmark 1973 Roe decision, the Supreme Court affirmed the right to abortion care before fetal viability, usually around 24 weeks.\r\n\r\n\u0022The fate of Roe v. Wade and legal abortion is on the line,\u0022 tweeted Rewire News Group, which reports on reproductive rights.\r\n\r\nMississippi\u0026#039;s restriction makes no exception for pregnancies that result from rape or incest, only allowing abortion care \u0022in medical emergencies or for severe fetal abnormality.\u0022 Providers who administer abortions in violation of the law could have their medical licenses revoked and face fines.\r\n\r\nThe court will hear the case three months after it refused to intervene in Texas, allowing that state\u0026#039;s six-week abortion ban to take effect at the beginning of September. The Texas law allows private citizens to take legal action against anyone who helps a person to obtain abortion care after that point, with plaintiffs who prevail in court entitled to $10,000 and recovery of their legal fees. Republican governors in several other states have said since the Texas law was permitted to go into effect that they plan to seek similar legislation.\r\n\r\nThe Texas case has led reproductive rights advocates to warn that the Supreme Court cannot be counted on to protect Roe.\r\n\r\nNARAL Pro-Choice America noted that the Mississippi case will be the first abortion case the court hears since Justice Amy Coney Barrett—one of three anti-choice judges appointed by former President Donald Trump—joined the court, resulting in a 6-3 right-wing majority.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nThe court\u0026#039;s announcement on Monday followed the filing of an amicus brief in the Mississippi case by nearly 900 state legislators who support reproductive rights and justice.\r\n\r\n\u0022Since so many state legislators have been leading the assault on reproductive rights, it only makes sense that state legislators be the first to defend them,\u0022 Arizona Democratic Rep. Athena Salman said in a statement. \u0022By adding my name to this amicus brief, I join hundreds of powerful, strong reproductive freedom champions standing up for the rights of all.\u0022\r\n\r\nThe National Women\u0026#039;s Law Center (NWLC). was among 72 organizations that filed a separate amicus brief following the Supreme Court\u0026#039;s announcement.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\u0022In our brief, we explain that the devastating impact of allowing a pre-viability abortion ban to stand—or overturning the right to abortion explicitly—denies the liberty and equality of women and all people who can become pregnant,\u0022 NWLC said.