On the heels of the EPA's June approval of a bee-killing pesticide, the White House said it would stop collecting data on declining honey bee populations—potentially making it impossible to analyze the effects of the chemical and the administration's other anti-science policies on the pollinators.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) cited budget cuts when it said Saturday that it would indefinitely suspend data collection for its Honey Bee Colonies report, which has been compiled every year since 2015. The report helps scientists and farmers to assess the decline of honey bees, which are responsible for pollinating one in every three bites of food taken by humans.
"We need some sort of thermometer to be able to determine, at a big scale, are we actually helping to turn around hive loses, to turn around pollinator declines. Understanding what's going on with honey bees is incredibly important to having a sense of what's impacting pollinators in general."
—Mace Vaughan, Xerxes SocietyThe number of honey bee hives in the U.S. dropped from about six million in 1947 to just 2.4 million in 2008, with 2018 being the worst year on record for hive loss. Beekeepers reported last year that 40 percent of honey bee hives had collapsed, due to a combination of factors including the use of pesticides.
Scientists say continuously monitoring the health of honey bee hives in vital to understanding why and how they are in decline.
"The value of all these surveys is its continuous use over time so you can compare trend lines," Dennis vanEngelsdorp, an entomologist at the University of Maryland, told CNN.
"We need some sort of thermometer to be able to determine, at a big scale, are we actually helping to turn around hive loses, to turn around pollinator declines," Mace Vaughan of the Pollinator Conservation Program at Xerces Society told the outlet. "Understanding what's going on with honey bees is incredibly important to having a sense of what's impacting pollinators in general."
The decision to suspend the data collection came just a few weeks after the administration approved the so-called "emergency" use of the bee-killing pesticide sulfoxaflor on nearly 14 million acres. The pesticide, sold under the brand names Closer and Transform, was banned in 2015 after a lawsuit by beekeepers and farmers, but the administration used a loophole in the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, granting an exemption to 11 states for four to six years.
"This administration has been grossly abusing this exemption to allow the use of this one pesticide called sulfoxaflor on a vast acreage year after year," Lori Ann Burd, environmental health director for the Center for Biological Diversity, told EcoWatch.
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Friends of the Earth called the approval of the pesticide "inexcusable."
.@EPA just okayed "emergency" use of bee-killing pesticides on nearly 14 million acres of land known to attract bees.
— Friends of the Earth (@foe_us) July 7, 2019
Brianna Westbrook, a progressive candidate for U.S. Congress in 2018, sarcastically wrote on social media that it was likely "a coincidence" that the decision to stop collecting data on bee colonies came just after the sulfoxaflor approval.
The USDA will suspend data collection for its honeybee colonies. I’m sure it’s a coincidence that this decision coincides w/ trumps approval to spray sulfoxaflor an insecticide that is "very highly toxic" to bees on more than 16 million acres. https://t.co/vk1HEydNNt
— Brianna Westbrook (@BWestbrookAZ8) July 7, 2019
The suspension of the Honey Bee Colonies report represents President Donald Trump's allegiance to the powerful corporations behind dangerous pesticides, said critics, and his refusal to institute and continue programs aimed at furthering public health.
"This is yet another example of the Trump administration systematically undermining federal research on food safety, farm productivity, and the public interest writ large," Rebecca Boehm, an economist at the Union of Concerned Scientists, told CNN.
"This might seem minor," said former U.S. Attorney Joyce Vance, "but it's another example of Trump's administration prioritizing profit over our wellbeing."