Climate action advocates on Wednesday applauded progressives in Congress for their efforts to stop the nation's Export-Import Bank from funding fossil fuel projects, as the U.S. House debated re-authorizing the bank.
The bank acts as the United States' export credit agency and is one of the largest sources of funding for the coal, oil, and gas industries' overseas projects, providing an average of $5.5 billion per year for fossil fuel extraction, climate action groups say.
"The Export-Import Bank's environmental impacts are now global, as its disproportionate financial support of fossil-fuel projects exacerbates the damage from climate change and harms every American now and into the future."
—Climate action groupsThe House Financial Services Committee considered the bill for reauthorization after it was introduced by Reps. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.) and Patrick McHenry (R-N.C.) without any commitments to end fossil fuel subsidies and with only five percent of the bank's funding going to renewable energy projects under the proposed legislation.
"Every coal power plant the Export-Import Bank props up brings us that much closer to climate catastrophe. This bank needs fundamental reform now," said Brett Hartl, government affairs director at the Center for Biological Diversity, in a statement. "The bank should focus on spreading renewable energy around the world instead of funding dirty fossil fuels."
Friends of the Earth (FOE) thanked Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) and Rashida Tlaib (D-Mich.) for introducing amendments to restrict the bank's funding of fossil fuel projects.
Thank you @AOC @RashidaTlaib for introducing amendments to restrict the Export-Import Bank's annual flow of billions of dollars to climate-destroying fossil fuel projects around the world!https://t.co/dg4xMdyIOv
— Friends of the Earth (@foe_us) June 26, 2019
Waters' and McHenry's decision to leave out provisions to scale back or end fossil fuel funding came months after some of the world's top climate experts warned that the climate crisis will be irreversible by 2040 unless governments rapidly shift toward using sustainable energy sources. A growing number of countries and cities around the world are declaring a climate emergency which fossil fuel extraction has contributed to, amid weekly global protests in which millions have been marching for months to call on governments to take meaningful climate action.
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"Reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank without curbing financing for dirty fossil fuel projects defies warnings from scientists about the climate crisis," said Doug Norlen, economic policy program director for FOE. "Additional financing for fossil fuel infrastructure will only exacerbate the climate crisis, harm the health of communities, and accelerate the corruption associated with these projects."
Washington Gov. Jay Inslee, a 2020 Democratic presidential candidate, included in his climate action plan a provision that would end the Export-Import Bank's fossil fuel subsidies.
Thank you @JayInslee for calling for an end to fossil fuel financing by the Export-Import Bank.@RepMaxineWaters @FSCDems: Dems need to put their money where their mouth is and stop reauthorization of Ex-Im Bank unless it ends fossil fuel financing. pic.twitter.com/lYkGC64s3M
— Friends of the Earth (@foe_us) June 25, 2019
On Tuesday, 75 conservation groups also wrote to the House Financial Services Committee to call on lawmakers to curb the Export-Import Bank's funding of damaging projects, which have numbered over 160 in the past 12 years.
"Projects and loans from the Export-Import Bank have supported fossil-fuel and other extractive projects that have caused substantial damage to World Heritage sites like the Great Barrier Reef, polluted the environment of local and indigenous communities, harmed human health, contributed to armed conflict and human rights abuse, and worsened corruption in developing nations," wrote the groups, including the Center for Biological Diversity and Food and Water Watch.
Congress must comply with the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and other environmental protection laws by not approving legislation which allows the continued extraction of fossil fuels, the groups wrote.
"The ESA has a global scope—over 650 endangered and threatened foreign species are federally protected around the world," the letter reads. "It therefore makes little sense for the Export-Import Bank to fund projects that hasten the extinction of wildlife and plants when our nation has already declared that we must take action to protect and recover them."
"Simply put, the Export-Import Bank has not lived up to the ideals and principles that our nation cherishes," the groups added. "The Export-Import Bank's environmental impacts are now global, as its disproportionate financial support of fossil-fuel projects exacerbates the damage from climate change and harms every American now and into the future."