In what advocates called an "historic" victory for women's reproductive rights, the Kansas Supreme Court on Friday ruled that women in the state have a constitutional right to abortion care regardless of federal laws.
The 6-1 ruling would protect the rights of women in the state in the event that Roe v. Wade, the 1973 ruling that affirmed American women's right to abortion, is overturned by the majority right-wing U.S. Supreme Court.
"This historic decision reaffirms what we already know: attempts to undermine abortion access are unconstitutional," tweeted the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), one of the many national groups that applauded the ruling on Friday.
BREAKING: Great news! The Kansas Supreme Court just ruled that the right to abortion is guaranteed under the state constitution! This historic decision reaffirms what we already know: attempts to undermine abortion access are unconstitutional.
— Center for Reproductive Rights (@ReproRights) April 26, 2019
The justices wrote in their ruling that the Kansas state constitution affords residents the "right to personal autonomy" and "to control one's own body, to assert bodily integrity, and to exercise self-determination."
"Pregnant women, like men, possess these rights," the majority opinion reads.
"As this decision makes clear, attempts to undermine that fundamental right by banning safe and accepted methods of abortion cannot stand," Nancy Northrup, president and CEO of CRR, said in a statement. "Kansas joins nine other states whose highest courts have affirmed at the state level what the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld for more than four decades: that every woman has a right to make her own decisions about her health and family free from political interference."
The opinion is really historic.
The Kansas Constitution now recognizes a right to abortion more broad than the U.S. Constitution.
Strict scrutiny applies to abortion restrictions. https://t.co/KLWQ6w43Uj
— Jessica Mason Pieklo (@Hegemommy) April 26, 2019
The language in this decision is
“At issue here is the inalienable natural right of personal autonomy...It encompasses our ability to control our own bodies, to assert bodily integrity, and to exercise self-determination." #CourtsMatter https://t.co/xmLPMpi1nO
— Planned Parenthood Action (@PPact) April 26, 2019
Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand and Bernie Sanders, both Democratic presidential candidates, also applauded the ruling.
It cannot be said enough: Your body, your choice.
This is a win for reproductive rights advocates across the country, and an important reminder that we must continue the fight to protect safe, legal abortion.https://t.co/sgiljOTKst
— Kirsten Gillibrand (@SenGillibrand) April 26, 2019
This is very good news for the people of Kansas. The right to a safe and legal abortion must not be taken away by extremist politicians. We must continue to protect and expand reproductive rights all over the country. https://t.co/T39ivJt6zH
— Bernie Sanders (@BernieSanders) April 26, 2019
As several Republican-controlled states have threatened abortion rights in recent months—with Georgia, South Carolina, and Ohio among the states that have moved to ban abortions after six weeks of pregnancy, before many women know that they are pregnant—reproductive rights advocates have called on lawmakers and state courts to affirm that women have the right to abortion.
"This will make Kansas a haven state in the Midwest if federal laws protecting abortion are overturned or significantly limited or undercut in other states," Genevieve Scott, an attorney at CRR, told the Washington Post.
"Other state Supreme Courts should take note: This is what judicial courage looks like." —Mark Joseph Stern, SlateThe court handed down the ruling in Hodes and Nauser v. Schmidt, a 2015 case in which the state attempted to ban dilation and evacuation procedures, an abortion method which is used in 95 percent of second trimester abortions.
States including Rhode Island and Vermont have also moved recently to pass legislation guaranteeing women in the states the right to abortion care, while New York passed a law removing abortion from its criminal code entirely in anticipation of a potential attack on Roe.
"The future of Friday's landmark decision is uncertain," wrote Mark Joseph Stern at Slate. "But a majority of the court has ensured that, at least for now, the state may not exercise control over women's bodies. Other state Supreme Courts should take note: This is what judicial courage looks like."
Anti-choice activists in Kansas called Friday's ruling "extreme" and said they would seek a constitutional amendment making abortion illegal in the state—the only way the state Supreme Court's decision can be overruled. The state legislature would need a two-thirds majority in a vote on such an amendment in order to have it included on a state ballot, and a majority of Kansas voters would then need to approve of it.
While Kansas has been governed by a number of anti-choice politicians and has passed extreme anti-choice laws in recent years, nearly half of the state's residents said they support abortion rights in a 2014 Pew poll.
"Let this ruling be a strong message to politicians everywhere who insist on passing unconstitutional and dangerous healthcare policies," said Leana Wen, president of Planned Parenthood, on Twitter. "We will never stop fighting to safeguard our patients' access to healthcare and our right to bodily autonomy."