The just released 2012 Global Peace Index (GPI) from the Institute for Economics and Peace shows that the world has become slightly more peaceful over the last two years, with Iceland ranking as the most peaceful country and Somalia ranking as the least peaceful place. The U.S. ranks 88 of 158.
The index takes into account factors including jailed population, political instability, conflicts fought and military expenditure.
“What comes across dramatically in this year’s results and the six year trends is a shift in global priorities. Nations have become externally more peaceful as they compete through economic, rather than military means. The results for Sub Saharan Africa as a whole are particularly striking – regional wars have waned as the African Union strives to develop economic and political integration.” said Steve Killelea, founder and Executive Chairman of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
“Peacefulness has returned to approximately the levels seen in 2007, but while external measures of peacefulness have improved, there has been a rise in internal conflict. This is particularly noticeable in the rise in fatalities from terrorist acts which have more than trebled since 2003,” states Killelea.
The findings also highlight the fact that peace has an economic advantage. The IEP estimates that global peace in 2011 would have had an economic benefit of $9 trillion.
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Video uploaded by Vision of Humanity with highlights of the 2012 Global Peace Index
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10 Most Peaceful Countries
10 Least Peaceful Countries
|154||Dem. Republic of Congo|
|151||Central African Republic|
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Global Peace Index: Key Findings
- Iceland is the most peaceful country for the second successive year
- Syria tumbles by the largest margin, dropping over 30 places to 147th position.
- Somalia remains the world’s least peaceful nation for the second year running.
- End of civil war sees Sri Lanka as biggest riser, leaping nearly 30 places
- If the world had been completely peaceful in 2011, the economic benefit would have been an estimated US $9 trillion