Participants at an
otherwise informative discussion on "Iran at a Crossroads" at the Senate on
Wednesday seemed at pains to barricade the doors against the proverbial
elephant being admitted into the room - in this case, Israel.
This, despite the fact that the agenda virtually dictated
that the elephant be allowed in. The cavernous hearing room also could have
accommodated it - however awkward and untidy the atmosphere might have become.
Otherwise, as was entirely predictable, the discussion
would be lacking a crucial element. Which is exactly what happened. Which is exactly what always happens.
The tongue-tied impediment displayed by some of the
presenters can be chalked up mostly to the all-too-familiar timidity on Capitol
Hill to countenance candid discussion of any issue on which Israel can be
revealed to be a fly in the ointment.
Sen. Carl Levin, D-Michigan, obtained use of the hearing
room for the organizers of the discussion, the thoroughly professional National
Iranian American Council headed by Professor Trita Parsi. This is to Levin's
credit, in my view.
At the same time, Sen. Levin holds the all-time-high
record for PAC contributions from groups affiliated with the self-described
"America's Pro-Israel Lobby" - the powerful American Israel Public Affairs
Committee (AIPAC). I'm guessing
that Levin's office may have asked that some caution be exercised, so that it
would be difficult for Fox News to misrepresent the proceedings as "Israel
Setting the Stage
In any case, a truly distinguished panel launched a discussion
on "The U.S. and Iran: Back to Confrontation?" which Professor Parsi moderated.
The panelists began by setting a fact- and reality-based context, which in turn
raised hopes of a no-holds-barred discussion. Their observations included, or
implied, the following:
status of the U.S. as the "world's sole remaining superpower" may have "turned
a corner." In many key respects, China, India, Russia and Brazil now represent
a rival "superpower" strong enough to thwart American policy objectives.
consequences of nuclear weapons proliferation in the general area of the
Persian Gulf would be so truly ominous that "everything imaginable" should be
done to head it off.
"positive" of robust sanctions against a country like Iran is simply that those
who impose them can feel good. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to
target sanctions on the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps without hurting the
Iranian people at large.
experience of the past several years demonstrates that the U.S. and Iran share
- and can act on - a range of common interests (in Afghanistan, for example).
Neither country would profit from hostilities involving Iran.
nowhere near a nuclear weapon, so there is time to reconsider what guarantees
could be offered to Tehran to dissuade it from pursuing a nuclear weapons
member of Congress has set foot in Iran since 1979.
No Discussion of Implications
With these observations on the table, it was as if the
doors to the hearing room were clanked shut and bolted, lest the Israeli
elephant be allowed to intrude. And this, despite a palpable yearning in the
audience for the panelists to address uncomfortable questions like:
there are no intrinsic factors dictating implacable hostility between Iran and
the U.S., how does one account for its persistence? What promotes, what feeds
was, of course, the sad history of 1953 when the CIA and British intelligence engineered
the overthrow of Iran's first democratically elected government, and the
outrage of Iran's holding 52 American hostages for 444 days at the end of Jimmy
aside from those incidents, could the mutual hostility today have anything to
do with Israel and its ability to enlist the U.S. behind Israeli strategic
Iranian leaders see as contrived the oft-expressed concern that Iran might
eventually obtain a nuclear weapon, when American officials do nothing about
Israel's actual nuclear weapons, or for that matter, those of Pakistan and
real objective of Israel and, by extension, the U.S. the same as it was with
respect to Iraq seven years ago - that is, "regime change"? (How I dislike
using the euphemism in vogue for what we used to call overthrowing
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton let drop last month that, even if Iran is
pursuing a nuclear weapon, this does not "directly" threaten the United States.
true, as one of the panelists asserted, that "No one believes that the Green
(opposition) movement in Iran is supported by outside forces; that rather it is
clearly an entirely indigenous, spontaneous movement?"
Into the memory hole went past news reports about the Bush
administration earmarking $400 million to support covert operations designed to
frustrate Iran's nuclear program and to destabilize its political system. Also
unmentionable were troubling reports that the United States has helped "good"
terrorist organizations, like Jundullah, to strike violent blows against Iran's
-Is it a
given, as one afternoon panelist suggested, that "Everyone knows that the
Israelis would not use their considerable nuclear arsenal except in
self-defense"? It seems that when Israel is mentioned in these affairs,
commentary must be only in the most positive light; there can be no suggestion
that Israel might use, say, bunker-busting tactical nukes to destroy hardened
the Israeli government honestly perceive an "existential threat" in Iran's
possible acquisition of a few nuclear weapons against the 200-300 devices
already in Israel's arsenal? If so, is Israel prepared to "defend itself" by
attacking Iran's nuclear facilities, using the preventive-war justification
which has long been a staple of Israeli policy, and was adopted kit and
caboodle by Bush and Cheney?
Israelis counting on U.S. logistical support for such a preventive attack
-intelligence and operational planning support of the kind that enabled its
surgical strike on the Iraqi nuclear reactor at Osirak in 1981? Are they
expecting the kind of political support the United States provided in the wake
of Israel's September 2007 attack on a suspect nuclear-related facility being
built in Syria?
it that former Ambassador Robert Hunter, now an adviser to RAND and himself a
passionate opponent of nuclear proliferation, can endorse the idea of a
"nuclear-free Middle East," and then with a wan smile simply throw up his hands
lamenting that that's never going to happen. Why must this proposal be banned from the category of
"everything imaginable," simply because "everyone is sure" that Israel would
never go along?
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu feels he can thumb his nose at the
U.S. President (and Vice President) on the signal issue of Israeli settlements,
is there reason to believe that Netanyahu is inclined to take into account
repeated "please pleas" from the likes of Joint Chiefs Chairman Mike Mullen,
who has warned the Israelis publicly that an attack on Iran would be a "big,
big, big problem for all of us?"
this week's chutzpah-laden Israeli announcement of new settlement construction
in East Jerusalem - in the midst of a visit by Vice President Joe Biden - a
case of what one might call "practice mouse trapping," to test whether the
Obama administration really has the toughness to push back in a meaningful way?
Ambassador Hunter was accompanied on the afternoon panel
by prolific writer, Professor Juan Cole of the University of Michigan, and
Robert Malley, who served in senior positions at President Bill Clinton's
National Security Council and is now Program Director for Middle East and North
Africa at the International Crisis Group in Washington, D.C.
All three have a wealth of experience on the Middle East
and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and this gave rise to eventually dashed
expectations of a more candid discussion of several related issues as they
impinge on Iranian interests.
There are, of course, limits to what can be covered in an
hour and a quarter. Still, there did seem to be distinct reluctance to
include Israel in any discussion of the political obstacles preventing sensible
accommodation between Tehran and Washington.
No doubt the main obstacle can be traced to the timeworn
"passionate attachment" of U.S. leaders to Israel's perceived interests, and
the tendency to view them as identical to those of the United States. This
politically and emotionally sensitive issue needs to be addressed openly and
without fear-in the interest of Israeli, as well as Iranian and American
If Not Now, When?
Granted, volunteering to sponsor such a discussion would
be seen as the kiss of death for the vast majority of lawmakers. But can it be that
there is no group, no think tank with courage enough to arrange such a forum?
For it truly needs to be done, and quickly, somewhere - whether permitted in a
Senate office building, or not.
Without free discussion and greater understanding, there
is virtually no prospect of lessened tensions. Rather, the volatile situation
seems likely to get still worse, and could even include an Israeli provocation
and/or a preventive strike on Iran.
Here Admiral Mullen is right; such actions would
constitute a "big, big, big problem for all of us."
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