Just a year after angering climate campaigners by voting down a resolution to call for a Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty, the European Parliament on Thursday overwhelmingly approved the measure, demonstrating that \u0022momentum is growing\u0022 in the push for a global, rapid shift away from planet-heating oil, gas, and coal.\r\n\r\n450 members of the body voted for the resolution and 119 opposed it—a reversal of last year\u0026#039;s vote in which just 168 approved of the resolution and 510 opposed it.\r\n\r\n\u0022This is a major development in the global push for a fossil fuel treaty,\u0022 said the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty Initiative, an international campaign group.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nThe resolution outlines the Parliament\u0026#039;s demands for the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27), which is scheduled to begin in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt on November 6.\r\n\r\nIncluded in the resolution is language demanding that \u0022all parties must make financial flows—public and private, domestic and international—compatible with the path towards the 1.5°C target in the Paris Agreement; reiterates the need to urgently end fossil fuel subsidies\u0022 and that encourages nations represented in the European Parliament \u0022to work on developing a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty.\u0022\r\n\r\nSuch a treaty would end all new coal, oil, and gas production; phase out existing production infrastructure, which is responsible for 80% of fossil fuel emissions over the last decade; and ensure a just transition to \u0022enable economic diversification\u0022 and \u0022support every worker, community, and country.\u0022\r\n\r\nE.U. members must \u0022stand ready to contribute to closing the gap necessary to limit global warming to 1.5°C, in a just, socially balanced, fair, and cost-effective way, while taking into account aspects of global fairness and equity and the E.U.’s historical and current responsibility for the emissions causing the climate crisis,\u0022 reads the resolution.\r\n\r\n\u0022We welcome this resolution,\u0022 said Tzeporah Berman, chair of the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty Initiative. \u0022Phasing out fossil fuels is now clearly the test for climate leadership at COP27 in Egypt. It is not a transition if we are growing the problem. If we are going to break free from the tyranny of oil we need countries to cooperate to stop the expansion of fossil fuels.\u0022\r\n\r\nThe resolution was passed just over a month after the World Health Organization led a coalition of global public health experts calling for a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty on the grounds that the continued extraction of coal, oil, and gas poses \u0022serious global health risks.\u0022\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nYouth climate leaders made a similar call in June, and more than 100 Nobel laureates, 69 cities, and more than 1,700 civil society groups have supported the push for such an agreement.\r\n\r\nLast month, Vanuatu became the first nation state to officially call for a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty during the U.N. General Assembly.\r\n\r\nBy joining the tiny Pacific island nation, which is vulnerable to rising sea levels and other impacts of the climate crisis, in supporting the treaty \u0022the E.U. can stand on the right side of history,\u0022 said Tasneem Essop, executive director of Climate Action Network International.\r\n\r\n\u0022The momentum behind a treaty to keep fossil fuels in the ground in a fair and timely fashion is phenomenal and growing,\u0022 said Andrew Simms of the Rapid Transition Alliance.