Sep 28, 2021
Amid increasing frustration, leaders of two Native American tribes are calling on President Joe Biden to "take immediate action" to restore and enlarge Bears Ears National Monument in Utah, according to a letter published Tuesday by The Washington Post.
In the letter, Hopi Tribal Vice Chair Clark W. Tenakhongva and Navajo Nation representative Henry Stevens Jr. note that eight months have passed since Biden, on his first day in office, signed an executive order directing the U.S. Department of the Interior to conduct a comprehensive review of former President Donald Trump's 85% reduction of the 1.35 million-acre reserve, the result of a December 2017 presidential proclamation.
They also point out that it has been three months since Interior Secretary Deb Haaland submitted a report on the matter to the president.
"Each day that passes without national monument protection for numerous sacred sites and irreplaceable cultural resources risks desecration, looting, vandalism, and misinformed visitation that inspired the creation of the Antiquities Act," the tribal leaders write, referring to the 1906 law designed to prevent the theft of Indigenous artifacts from archaeological sites.
According to the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), which followed tribes in suing the Trump administration over the reduction:
The ancestral homeland of several Native American tribes--the Navajo Nation, Hopi Tribe, Ute Indian Tribe, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, and Pueblo of Zuni--Bears Ears National Monument encompasses thousands of sites, including dwellings, kivas, granaries, and rock art, that hold deep cultural and religious importance to the tribes today.
Bears Ears also represents one of the most pristine, road-free areas in the contiguous United States, featuring a rugged labyrinth of sandstone canyons, cliffs and rock arches, meadows, and desert mesas.
Trump's proclamation replaced Bears Ears with two smaller noncontiguous reserves while leaving the remainder of the former monument open to mining, fossil fuel extraction, road construction, and other harmful activities. A separate presidential proclamation issued at the same time slashed Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, also in Utah, by nearly half. Between the two monuments, nearly two million acres of formerly Indigenous federal public lands were stripped of legal protection.
In their letter, Tenakhongva and Stevens decry developments including "new water wells to expand opportunities for cattle grazing and an increase in permitting for motorized recreation and hardening and expansion of campgrounds" carried out without tribes "being collaboratively engaged."
"We have tried to be patient and respectful as we await your decision on restoration," the leaders write. "However, the longer action is not taken, real harm, much permanent, is occurring on this sacred landscape."
\u201cURGENT: Looters have plundered sacred sites that had been protected inside the original Bears Ears National Monument boundary and livestock grazing has increased on former Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument lands. Urge President Biden to act: https://t.co/bx7b6h9eFP\u201d— WildEarth Guardians (@WildEarth Guardians) 1632138420
On her first official trip as interior chief, Haaland--the nation's first-ever Native American U.S. Cabinet secretary--met with Indigenous leaders, who told her they want the monument expanded to 1.9 million acres, not simply returned to its original size. Bears Ears was established as a 1.35 million-acre reserve by then-President Barack Obama in December 2016.
"This landscape is home to many historical and cultural sites, plants, water, traditional medicines, and teachings for our people," Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez said at the time. "It also provided refuge for our people in times of conflict. Bears Ears is sacred and it deserves to be protected."
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