New York Mayor\u0026nbsp;Bill de Blasio\u0026nbsp;announced Tuesday that the city will\u0026nbsp;soon\u0026nbsp;require proof of vaccination against Covid-19 for patrons of restaurants, gyms, and other indoor spaces.\r\n\r\nThe rule will go into enforcement in mid-September after a transition period starting August 16, in which the public and\u0026nbsp;the owners of restaurants, gyms, and theaters will\u0026nbsp;be educated about the mandate.\r\n\r\nUnder the policy—called \u0022Key to NYC Pass\u0022—people who are eligible for vaccines\u0026nbsp;will need to present their vaccination card showing they\u0026#039;ve had at least one dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines or the full dose of Johnson \u0026amp; Johnson\u0026#039;s shot.\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\n“If you want to participate in our society fully, you\u0026#039;ve got to get vaccinated,\u0022 de\u0026nbsp;Blasio\u0026nbsp;said, framing the program as an effort\u0026nbsp;to encourage New Yorkers to\u0026nbsp;be inoculated against the virus, which has killed more than 33,000 people in the city. Positivity rates, hospitalizations, and deaths from Covid-19 have all\u0026nbsp;been increasing in the last week.\r\n\r\nAccording to a survey taken in June\u0026nbsp;by the Kaiser Family Foundation, 40% of Americans who are hesitant to get vaccinated—but not adamant that they won\u0026#039;t\u0026nbsp;be—said that vaccine requirements for participating in large public gatherings could persuade them to sign up for a shot. Offers of cash in exchange for\u0026nbsp;being inoculated, which de\u0026nbsp;Blasio\u0026nbsp;has tried previously, would only sway 14% of persuadable people, according to the poll.\r\n\r\nDr. Megan Ranney, an emergency room physician at\u0026nbsp;Brown University, shared on Twitter anecdotal evidence that mandates encourage people to get vaccinated.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nNumerous studies have shown that the vaccines which have\u0026nbsp;been approved for emergency use in the U.S. are effective at providing immunity to Covid-19 and preventing symptomatic and severe disease when a patient contracts the highly contagious Delta variant.\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\nAbout two-thirds of New Yorkers are fully vaccinated against Covid-19 so far, and the mayor also recently announced that city employees would\u0026nbsp;be required to get their vaccines or face weekly testing.\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\nRepublicans and right-wing TV personalities have railed against\u0026nbsp;vaccine mandates or \u0022passports\u0022 allowing only vaccinated people to participate in certain activities,\u0026nbsp;but de\u0026nbsp;Blasio said Tuesday that the city had shared its plans with the U.S. Department of Justice and had learned there are no legal issues with mandating a vaccine to protect public safety.\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\nWhile groups including the ACLU have\u0026nbsp;put forth\u0026nbsp;civil liberties, privacy, and equity concerns about \u0022vaccine passports,\u0022\u0026nbsp;The New Republic\u0026#039;s Matt Ford wrote\u0026nbsp;last week\u0026nbsp;about a U.S.\u0026nbsp;Supreme Court decision at the turn of the 20th century which found that \u0022mandatory vaccination, especially in an age of plagues and pandemics, fell well within\u0022 any\u0026nbsp;community\u0026#039;s right \u0022to regulate its own health, safety, and general welfare\u0022:\r\n\r\n\r\nWe should note that mandatory vaccination doesn\u0026#039;t\u0026nbsp;mean forcible vaccination. Biden won\u0026#039;t be sending troops door-to-door with those tranquilizer guns from\u0026nbsp;Jurassic Park\u0026nbsp;to shoot vaccine-laden darts into unsuspecting civilians. What it\u0026nbsp;does\u0026nbsp;mean is that those who refuse to get the vaccine despite a mandate will face certain consequences for it, such as regular Covid testing or denial of entry into certain places.\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\n[...]\r\n\r\nSuch is the nature of living in civilization.\r\n\r\n\r\nAfter de\u0026nbsp;Blasio\u0026#039;s announcement Tuesday, Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel\u0026nbsp;Bowser said she would consider implementing a similar measure and public health officials in San Francisco said they may expand the city\u0026#039;s current vaccine mandate, which applies only to high-risk workers.