Immigrant rights advocates were angered on Monday after Immigration and Customs Enforcement announced international students whose U.S. schools are moving to an online-only model for the Fall 2020 semester will no longer be welcome in the United States.
Chanda Prescod-Weinstein, a physics and astronomy professor at University of New Hampshire, wrote that the Trump administration is likely attempting to pressure American colleges into abandoning their distance-learning plans even as the coronavirus pandemic rages across the country.
"This is a 'death to Americans' policy, in addition to a massive 'fuck you' to international students," Prescod-Weinstein tweeted.
The Trump administration is using ICE to threaten universities into teaching in person by threatening international students with deportation if they're all online. This is a death to Americans policy, in addition to a massive fuck you to intl students.https://t.co/VXS2Q4yiMA pic.twitter.com/NeK9rVrISt
— #JusticeforBreonna Prescod-Weinstein (@IBJIYONGI) July 6, 2020
ICE, which oversees a large portion of the student visa program through its Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP), released guidance Monday afternoon stating that nonimmigrant students in the U.S. on F-1 and M-1 student visas who are "attending schools operating entirely online may not take a full online course load and remain in the United States."
The guidance threatened expedited deportation proceedings for international students who don't leave the country before the fall semester begins or transfer to a school that is holding in-person instruction in the fall:
Active students currently in the United States enrolled in such programs must depart the country or take other measures, such as transferring to a school with in-person instruction to remain in lawful status. If not, they may face immigration consequences including, but not limited to, the initiation of removal proceedings.
Students who live in other countries and have been accepted to one of the 8% of U.S. colleges that are operating under remote learning models will also not be permitted into the country, ICE said.
"This is bad," Aaron Reichlin-Melnick, policy counsel at American Immigration Council, tweeted in response to the news.
More than one million international students came to the U.S. to attend college in 2018, according to College Factual.
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ICE released its guidance shortly after Harvard University announced all its courses will be taught online in the fall, but that its tuition of nearly $50,000 per student will remain the same. Harvard reports that international students make up more than 20% of its student body.
Forcing international students—many of whom have to pay a full year's tuition up front to attend U.S. schools—to study remotely from their country of origin is "a slap in the face," tweeted Miriam Abaya, a policy associate at the Young Center, an immigrant children's rights group.
Also, most international students don't get financial aid--they have to pay the entirety of their tuition UP FRONT. I have so many friends who struggled to put together the money to pay for a whole year (my husband did). This is just a slap in the face.
— Miriam Abaya (@AbayaMiriam) July 6, 2020
The rule fails to take into consideration the limitations many international students may face in their home countries, including time differences and lack of access to course materials and reliable internet service, that will likely preclude many from attending online courses.
What if students are going back to countries without good internet connection? Or where the time difference makes it difficult to join classes online? This makes it so difficult for these students to continue to get the education they paid for.
— Miriam Abaya (@AbayaMiriam) July 6, 2020
"Some students could be locked out of tech," added Reichlin-Melnick.
Former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro called for the new rule to be challenged in court promptly.
ICE is now trying to deport students enrolled in colleges and universities that are teaching exclusively online due to COVID-19.
This is needlessly cruel and must be challenged in court. https://t.co/aEVnrneIt2
— Julián Castro (@JulianCastro) July 6, 2020
"This is needlessly cruel," Castro said.