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Winter clothes collected by voluntary non-governmental organizations distributed to the migrant children as migrants continue to wait at a closed area at the Belarusian-Polish border in Grodno, Belarus on December 03, 2021. The migrant crisis on the border of Belarus with Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia escalated on November 8. This year, Polish border guards have prevented more than 35,000 attempts to illegally cross the Polish-Belarusian border, which is 400 times more than last year. (Photo: Sefa Karacan/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Migrants and Refugees Face Devastating Hardships This Festive Season

For many refugees and migrants across the world, the onset of winter marks the beginning of a potentially life-threatening period.

Hans Kluge

 by Al-Jazeera English

Many of us welcome the first signs of winter and snow with delight. We associate it with warmth: knitted jumpers, cosy fireplaces, end of year festivities and children playing in the snow. But for others, the onset of winter marks the beginning of a potentially life-threatening period.

The United Nations estimates a staggering 274 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance next year, a 17 percent increase on this year.

We see it every day across Europe: The lives, health and wellbeing of refugees and migrants are put at risk because of geopolitics.

Over recent weeks, thousands of undocumented migrants have been stranded in no-man's land on Belarus's borders with Poland, Latvia and Lithuania. Several have lost their lives, among them, women and children. More than 60 percent of the migrants that experts from the WHO Regional Office for Europe spoke to during a recent mission to the Belarus-Lithuania border needed medical attention.

During my visit last month to a site sheltering 2,000 migrants in Belarus, I saw first-hand how vulnerable their situation is. Those I met—families with children, young and grown-up—were living in very difficult, overcrowded conditions, with a lack of sanitary facilities. They were tired and desperate, but still holding on to the hope of a better life.

Simultaneously, on the other side of Europe, hundreds of people are risking their lives to cross the seas in Europe, over the English Channel or the Mediterranean. Now deaths on these treacherous journeys barely make headlines. Just in the last month, 90 people have lost their lives in the Mediterranean and at least 34 in the English Channel.

Looking beyond Europe, we can already anticipate that more people will have to flee the rapidly unfolding humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. Right now, 8.7 million people in Afghanistan are not getting enough food, and winter in Afghanistan can be brutal.

The United Nations estimates a staggering 274 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance next year, a 17 percent increase on this year. Providing humanitarian assistance to countries in need can go a long way in addressing the reasons why so many people leave in search of a better life in the first place.

On all these fronts, WHO is working with partners to alleviate human suffering, delivering essential supplies; engaging with national authorities to address immediate needs, including providing sanitary facilities, establishing medical units, and improving prevention measures against COVID-19, such as testing and vaccination. Since we visited Belarus, concrete steps have been taken by local and national authorities to improve primary healthcare provision and sanitation facilities for the migrants. But no matter how important these actions, they are no substitute for more sustainable solutions.

Health should never be a matter of politics, and access to health must be safeguarded as a fundamental human right.

This is a make or break moment. Regardless of political consensus or the lack thereof, refugees and migrants must receive humanitarian assistance and access to healthcare. As our region faces a new wave of COVID-19 with the emergence of a new variant and sharply rising cases, we must ensure protection against the virus for the most vulnerable. This pandemic has taught us that no one is safe until everyone is safe.

Health should never be a matter of politics, and access to health must be safeguarded as a fundamental human right. The WHO Regional Office for Europe has long championed migrant and refugee health, with support to countries in preparing for large arrivals of refugees and migrants, and developing health systems that are inclusive and migrant-friendly. It is a principle of the European Programme of Work to leave no one behind. But we need to accelerate this work, with cross-sectoral and political backing.

This is why we are inviting health ministers from the European as well as the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions to a high-level summit in March 2022 to find a common way forward and mobilise political commitment to ensure the health of refugees and migrants.

Good health is something that everyone, everywhere, should be able to enjoy. A change of season should not be a matter of life or death. Health is not a privilege: it is a fundamental right for all people, including refugees and migrants.

Let us afford all human beings respect, dignity, and access to healthcare, not only this winter, but for years to come.

© 2021 Al-Jazeera English

Hans Kluge

Dr Hans Kluge is the World Health Organization's (WHO) Regional Director for Europe.

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