When Will Troop Withdrawal From Afghanistan Ever End?

Persistent waffling on dates for American troop withdrawals from
Afghanistan has eroded any remaining patience with the Obama White House
among peace activists and voters, a majority of whom favors a timeline
for US troop withdrawals.

Nancy Youssef of McClatchy reports
that the White House has decided to de-emphasize its pledge to begin
withdrawing US forces by next July, and adopt a new goal of withdrawing
by 2014. The New York Times
on Nov. 11 described the new policy as "effectively a victory for the
military." Seeming to miss the point entirely, the White House
immediately declared it was "crystal clear" that there will be no change
to the July 2011 date for beginning the drawdown.

The credibility problem is that the White House has never defined the
scale of its initial drawdown, lending credence to reports that the
elusive pursuit of "success" will take years. Filling in the blanks is
the only way the White House can repair this image crisis. For example,
Obama could promise to withdraw 50,000 US troops between 2011-2012, a
number that would dispel the aura of tokenism and weakness which now
surrounds US policy. The moderate Afghanistan Study Group, whose members
have ties to the White House, has proposed withdrawing 32,000 by next
October and another 38,000 by the following July. The AFG has stated,
"The U.S. cannot afford to continue waffling on its commitments, lest it
lose what little credibility it has with Afghan people. Reneging on
the July deadline will also likely have adverse political effects given
that war is already very unpopular.

The president is expected to clarify his goals at a NATO conference this week. America's leading military partner, the United Kingdom, with some 9,500 troops, has already floated 2014 as the deadline for its troop departure. Canada, France, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the Netherlands, whose combat troops total a combined 14,850, are all in the process of withdrawing by 2014 at the latest.

The projected costs of another three years are staggering and rarely
reported. Assuming the current pattern of American casualties and costs
through 2012, followed by a fifty percent reduction in those figures in
2013-14, Pentagon data reveals the following:

Oct. 2001-Nov. 2010: Americans killed, 1378; Americans wounded, 9,256; direct taxpayer costs, $364 billion.

2011 projection: 450 more Americans killed, bringing the
cumulative total to 1,850; 5,000 more Americans wounded, bringing the
cumulative total to 14,800; another $113 billion in direct taxpayer
costs, bringing the cumulative total to $503 billion.

2012 projection: at present rates, the cumulative death toll
will become 2,300, the cumulative wounded number will become 15,300; and
the cumulative budget cost will become $616 billion.

2013-14 projections [assuming a fifty percent reduction]:
another 450 killed over two years, bringing the total to 2,750; another
5,000 wounded over two years, bringing the total to 20,300; another $113
billion over two years, bringing the total to $728 billion.

In plainer terms, the projected American casualties and costs in
Afghanistan alone will double in the next three years from present

According to the current Foreign Affairs,
the war in Afghanistan is now more than twice expensive as Iraq
[Altman-Haass, "American Profligacy and American Power", Nov.-Dec. 2010,
p. 31].

Those numbers do not include Pakistan, Yemen or tens of billions in
the growing US intelligence budget. Nor do the tax dollar figures
include rising indirect costs such as veterans' health care. Nor are the
casualties civilians known or estimated.

Perhaps the greatest policy question is what the American troops are
fighting for. According to the CIA, there are no more than 100 Al Qaeda
militants lingering in Afghanistan. Their sanctuaries have moved to
Pakistan and CIA officials have recently said, "the Yemeni cell posed an
even more dangerous threat to the United States than the Qaeda
headquarters in Pakistan." [NYT, Oct. 17, 2010]

Meanwhile in Afghanistan, American troops are fighting and dying to
prop up an Afghanistan regime that is riddled with corruption, lacks a
sufficient army to defend itself, and maintains power by fraudulent

The cruel pathos of the American situation is summed up in two options sketched by Gideon Rose, the new editor of Foreign Affairs, the organ of the Council on Foreign Affairs:

First, "at best, Afghanistan could become another Iraq, with strong
late innings gaining the United States the opportunity to draw down its
forces gradually" or, second, "it could be a replay of Vietnam, with the
White House deciding to pull the plug on a thankless struggle in a
strategically marginal country." A third option is ignored, that of
another massive terrorist attack on the US provoked by the drone attacks
and night raids in Afghanistan and Pakistan. [NYT, Nov. 5, 2010]

There is another cost, too. The constant drain in blood and taxes for
the long wars may soon become a terminal drain on any hopes for the
Obama presidency.

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