A Day Without Tourists: Tijuana Versus the Plague

"Since everyone is dumping on Mexico these days, you might as well help me do the real thing."

My friend Marcos Ramirez (aka "ERRE") isn't kidding. He's building a new house in Colonia Libertad,
Tijuana's oldest and most surrealistically colorful neighborhood, and
needs to dispose of some construction debris. I ride shotgun in his
pickup while his younger brother Omar, a poet-artist with eyes like Che
Guevara's, sprawls in the backseat.

For once in a lifetime, afternoon traffic in Tijuana is unsnarled
and ERRE spurs his Chevy Silverado through the Zona Rio roundabouts,
past the giant statue of Father Kino and the utopian sphere
of the Cultural Center, until we reach the Avenida Internacional, the
long straightaway next to the corrugated steel futility of the border wall.

As the road climbs the mesa, there is a jarring view of landscape disfigured by National Guard bulldozers and the endless churning of terrain by Border Patrol jeeps. But today even the brutalism of Operation Gatekeeper is ameliorated by blue skies and a tickle of a sea breeze. ERRE catches the mood and puts on a Beach Boys CD.

I have a sudden inkling of what he must have been like when he was a
15-year-old outlaw skateboarder from Colonia Libertad, careening
suicidally down its rutted slopes. Later, he briefly practiced law, but
quickly turned away from its corruption to work for 17 years as a
skilled carpenter and homebuilder in the United States.

In 1997, he confounded the Border Patrol by erecting a huge Trojan Horse
(two heads, facing in opposite directions) at the San Ysidro frontier.
It exactly straddled the international line. Tijuaneses loved it.

Since then he has created similar provocations from Reading,
Pennsylvania, to Yunnan, China, attaining the kind artistic renown that
usually guarantees studio space in Soho or Coyoacan. But he stubbornly
prefers being, as he puts it, a "Libertarian."

The Silverado lurches into a dirt side street somewhere on the
proletarian backside of Chapultepec Heights. ERRE pulls up along a
fence, honks his horn, and the debris is quickly unloaded by elves in
rags. He hands one of them 100 pesos, or $7. (The minimum wage in the
sweatshop maquiladoras is only 55 pesos per day.)

The old city dump is closed, the new one too far away, so like most
Tijuaneses, ERRE uses the services of the informal economy. Moreover,
in the midst of an unprecedented NAFTA recession, a horror-ridden
narco-war, and now a much-hyped pandemic, any act that circulates a few
pesos amongst "el pueblo" seems conscientious.

We fishtail out of the dirt alley and return to a paved avenue of
restaurants, beauty salons, and car-alarm dealers. Schools and public
buildings are closed, morning masses have been suspended, and sports
events have been cancelled, but stores and street markets remain open
and desperate for business. Customers are sparse, though. Half the
population seems to have disappeared. Few people, apart from municipal
employees and office cleaners, wear surgical masks, but no one seems to
begrudge those that do.

"Looks like the Invasion of the Body Snatchers," I say.

"You should have seen Mexico City," ERRE replies. "I was down there for
the Zona Maco Art Fair when the flu pandemonium started. At first it
was just a big joke. Everyone was decorating their face masks with
Salvador Dali mustaches or big teeth like Bugs Bunny. On mine, I wrote 'Ay cabron, que gripon traigo!' ['Oh shit, what a terrible flu I've got!']

"Then the famous archeologist Felipe Solis suddenly died. He was the
director of the National Anthropology Museum and the previous week had
given Obama a tour of Aztec treasures. There were rumors that he had
swine flu. [This was subsequently denied by medical authorities.] That
chilled the whole scene. People didn't know what to expect. It was like
the Camus novel [The Plague]. Best friends were afraid to give each other an abrazo or a kiss on the cheek.

"What scared me was simply the idea of being sick and helpless so far
from my family. Here together, familia Ramirez is almost invincible.
You can bury my bones in Tijuana."

We turn eastward, crossing the legendary Avenida Revolucion, past
the curio stores, discos, and long bars -- remnants of the raunchy
Tijuana invented by gringo bootleggers and gamblers during the early
decades of the twentieth century.

There are no tourists. Nada. Although the only confirmed
swine flu cases locally are across the border in San Diego, Tijuana as
usual bears the stigma -- the growing fear of all things Mexican even
when they originate, like the demand for drugs or the industrialized livestock from which this new flu probably sprung, in the United States.

"Feel lonely, gringo?" ERRE laughs.

To console me, he points out that there are no cops on the streets either.

days earlier, drug-cartel gunmen launched simultaneous attacks on
police across the city, killing seven in half an hour, one of them in
the small station just up the block from the Ramirez family home. Using
decoders to break into the police radio frequency, the killers daily
taunt the cops, blasting loud narcocorridos and boasting of future assassinations.

"Today all the police are either at the funeral for their comrades or
in hiding. The narcos have threatened to raise the death toll to 30 in
the next week."

"Why are they so pissed off at the cops?" I ask.

"I think the police confiscated a huge drug cache," younger brother Omar interjects.

We stop at a light. Some desperate squeegee guys without water
bottles scuffle over ERRE's windshield. Two soldiers on the corner of
Paseo de los Heroes observe the melee with indifference. Masked by
black bandanas, they cradle new made-in-Mexico FX-05 assault rifles in
their arms.

It is disturbing that the presence of troops should be so reassuring.
The Mexican Army has an appalling human-rights record, and some
leftists believe that the pandemic emergency has become a mere pretext
for the further militarization of daily life -- like shutting down this
year's May Day demonstrations.

ERRE shrugs. It is difficult, he explains, to imagine how control of
public safety in border cities like Tijuana or Ciudad Juarez can ever
be returned to the corrupt, and now terrified, cops. The elites,
meanwhile, ensure their own safety by hiring Blackwater-type

Almost on cue, we pass a small convoy of SUVs and what looks like an
armored car converted into a bullet-proof limo. Stenciled on the side
is the corporate logo of "Panamerican Security de Colombia." (The real
Blackwater -- now shamelessly re-branded as "Xe" -- has recently opened
a training facility just across from the Tijuana airport on Otay Mesa.)

ERRE yawns. Heavy metal on the streets of Tijuana is no big deal.

By the time we reach Colonia Libertad, it's 4 pm and some bustle is
returning to the streets. We park in front of the old family home,
across from some chemical tank cars marooned on a branch of the San
Diego and Arizona Eastern Railroad. The family guard dog, a middle-aged
Chihuahua named Momo, barks dutifully from the roof.

ERRE has to rush to take his dad to a doctor's appointment. Senor
Ramirez hails from a proud cowboy town in Jalisco that claims to be the
birthplace of the mariachi. After traveling around as a movie
projectionist in the villages of the Alta, he came to Tijuana and
Southern California in the early 1950s. He worked as an extra in
Hollywood, on an aircraft assembly line in San Diego, as a cab driver
in Tijuana, and now, almost age 80, oversees the family wrought-iron

The patriarchal home, like Tijuana itself, has been self-built in
increments that faithfully graph the family's economic history. The
1990s boom years, when ERRE was a well-paid carpenter in California,
are represented by an impressive faux-Victorian wing with dormers,
bays, and gables.

I wisecrack about his hallucinatory "gingerbread casa de suenos."

He smiles, then scolds: "You know this is the Tijuana dream, my
parents' dream. We never stop building. We're always making room for
more people. When I was a kid, do you have any idea of how many cousins
and compadres from my father's pueblo stayed here until they could
cross to jobs in California? Hey, amigo, this is Ellis Island."

To underscore the point, brother Omar shows me the key prop in the
video he has recently completed about the Ramirez family's
neighborhood: the "Lady of Libertad."

Omar says it is based on one of French sculptor Frederic Bartholdi's
original sketches for the Statue of Liberty -- the famous lady with the
lamp standing on the pedestal of an Aztec pyramid. A local artisan has
made copies to sell to the tourists, if they ever return.

Will they?

Since 9/11, irrational fear and toxic bigotry have imposed an informal blockade on Baja California's non-maquiladora economy. Now nativists in San Diego are clamoring for the complete closure of the border.

It would be a catastrophe. A Siamese twin might as well saw away the
flesh connecting himself to his brother. Both would die in the end.

After teasing ERRE one more time, I head off for dinner with Omar
and his wife. The weather is still delightful and we find a cozy
Italian restaurant crowded with nonchalant and fearless diners. For a
quiet evening, at least, the mask of the red death slips off the face
of Tijuana.

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