"Simply praying that we can recycle our way out of this problem will not cut it," said former Unilever CEO Paul Polman, an outspoken critic of plastic waste.
On Friday, according to the advocacy group Earth Action, the planet reached Plastic Overshoot Day, the point at which the amount of plastic waste overwhelms the world's capacity to manage it.
In a report released earlier this month, Earth Action noted that "in the first 208 days of 2023, plastic waste is well-managed, meaning it is collected and then either recycled, incinerated, or deposited in a sanitary landfill."
Beyond that point, waste management systems are swamped by the sheer volume of plastic, causing millions of tons to spill over into the natural environment—inundating communities, waterways, and oceans with toxic waste.
"Plastic pollution is a waste crisis, a climate nightmare, and a public health disaster in the making," Paul Polman, former CEO of Unilever and an outspoken critic of plastic waste, said in a statement. "Earth Action's report is a stark reminder that our current, linear plastic waste management systems are not fit for purpose and there is an urgent need for policymakers and industry to implement robust waste management policies and invest in the infrastructure fit for the 21st century."
"Simply praying that we can recycle our way out of this problem will not cut it," Polman added.
In early June, world leaders concluded talks in Paris with an agreement to develop a first draft of a Global Plastics Treaty before their November meeting in Kenya, a nation besieged by plastic waste.
Euronewsobserved Friday that "many of the highest plastic waste producers in the world are from the Global South—partly because they are also having to take in and process the waste of richer countries."
Earth Action found that "people living in Iceland are the top generators of plastic waste, with a yearly consumption of 128.9 kg per person," an amount that's "50 times higher than the yearly consumption per person in Bangladesh who consumes 2.59 kg."
"The amount of plastic produced is expected to double in the coming years, which will triple the volume of plastic pollution."
Environmental groups have long implored world leaders to act aggressively to curb plastic pollution, a push opposed by the fossil fuel industry and other corporate interests. More than 99% of plastic is made from chemicals sourced from fossil fuels, according to the Center for International Environmental Law.
Reutersreported last year that "publicly, plastic industry groups representing firms like ExxonMobil Corp., Royal Dutch Shell Plc, and Dow Inc. have expressed support for a global agreement to tackle this garbage."
"Behind the scenes, however, these trade organizations are devising strategies to persuade conference participants to reject any deal that would limit plastic manufacturing, according to emails and company presentations seen by Reuters, as well as interviews with a dozen officials involved in the negotiations," the outlet noted.
The Plastic Waste Makers Index estimates that 100 single-use plastic producers are responsible for close to 90% of global plastic waste.
Earth Action warned in its report that "the amount of plastic produced is expected to double in the coming years, which will triple the volume of plastic pollution."
"It's time for action," the group added. "Together, we can work towards reducing plastic consumption, improving waste management systems, promoting sustainable alternatives, and advocating for policy changes to combat plastic pollution and protect our oceans and the environment for future generations."