For Immediate Release
Mollie Matteson, Center for Biological Diversity, (802) 434-2388 (office); (802) 318-1487 (cell)
Nina Fascione, Defenders of Wildlife, (202) 682-9400
Massive Effort Needed to Save Bat Species From Extinction
Wildlife, Environmental, and Farming Organizations Join Businesses and Scientists in Plea to Congress for Action
Bats are crucial insect eaters and pollinators whose loss could leave devastating gaps in ecosystems and profoundly disrupt the food chain.
The letter was signed by scientists, farmers, and conservation, wildlife, sustainable farming, and anti-pesticide organizations. Biologists predict that the widespread loss of insect-eating bats will lead to burgeoning bug populations, including those that attack crops. Increased use of pesticides on farms may result from the bat die-off.
"Action is needed now to stop white-nose syndrome from wiping out our bats," said Mollie Matteson, who spearheaded the letter campaign and is a conservation advocate for the Center for Biological Diversity. "Although sometimes superstitiously feared, bats serve a critical role in the food chain. Their loss would mean more insects, more pesticides, and a lot less healthy environment."
Bats have a low reproductive rate and are very slow to recover from population declines. Some bat populations, decimated by loss of cave habitat or outright persecution decades ago, had slowly been making a comeback with the help of conservation groups and wildlife agencies. Now many of these efforts have been undone in a matter of 24 months.
White-nose syndrome was first documented in the winter of 2007-08 in bat caves near Albany, New York. It has since spread to eight other states, affecting six species and killing bats in their hibernation colonies at rates up to 100 percent. The malady is associated with a previously unknown fungus that invades the bats' skin. It does not appear to pose a threat to humans. White-nose syndrome has been spreading and is currently heading for Kentucky, Tennessee, and other southern and midwestern states, where some of the largest populations of bats in the world reside.
Nina Fascione, vice president of field conservation programs at Defenders of Wildlife, helped enlist the support of other groups for the letter to Congress. She said: "Biologists have been scrambling to figure out why the bats are dying, but they've had very little resources to work with. We're asking Congress to help provide those resources because we don't have the luxury of time with this illness. We can save the bats, but we may lose them if we don't act now."
Acknowledgment of the problem is growing. Two weeks ago, the three-member Vermont congressional delegation released a letter cosigned by fellow members from 13 other states, asking for their colleagues' support in addressing white-nose syndrome. In addition to the letter sent today by the Center, Defenders, and other groups, individual Center activists have sent over 57,000 letters to their representatives in Congress, asking for emergency action. A hearing on white-nose syndrome is scheduled for the House Natural Resources Committee on June 4.
Other signatories on the letter include Bat Conservation International, National Wildlife Federation, Beyond Pesticides, the Humane Society of the United States, and Women, Food, and Agriculture Network.
At the Center for Biological Diversity, we believe that the welfare of human beings is deeply linked to nature - to the existence in our world of a vast diversity of wild animals and plants. Because diversity has intrinsic value, and because its loss impoverishes society, we work to secure a future for all species, great and small, hovering on the brink of extinction. We do so through science, law, and creative media, with a focus on protecting the lands, waters, and climate that species need to survive.