For Immediate Release
World Must Learn Lessons From Food Price Crisis
WASHINGTON - Small farmers in
developing countries have not benefited from higher food prices, thanks
in part to flawed trade and agricultural policies that have made them
vulnerable and weakened their positions in markets, said international
agency Oxfam in a new report released today, World Food Day.
In Double Edged Prices,
Oxfam says that all governments, donors, and agencies, must learn the
lessons from the crisis. These include the importance of investing in
agriculture, having trade policies that ensure food security, and
designing social protection systems that protect the poorest.
Cavero, author of the report and head of research at Oxfam in Spain,
said: "The trend in agriculture, as in international finance, has been
towards deregulation and a reduced role for the State. This has had
devastating effects and innocent lives have been blighted by exposure
to market volatility. It is time the world woke up to the need for
developing country governments to support their poor farmers, and the
obligation of developed countries to help them to do so."
countries where governments have invested in agriculture, and put
policies in place to target vulnerable or marginalized groups, the
impacts of food price inflation have been less severe. In contrast,
where there has been unmanaged trade liberalization, underinvestment in
agriculture, and little support from government, the effects have been
devastating," she added.
The sharp rise in global food prices has
pushed 119m more people into hunger, taking the global total to 967m.
Higher food prices mean people are eating less and lower quality food,
children are being taken out of school and farmers are being forced to
migrate to cities to live in slums (see case studies below). Women are
especially vulnerable because they rarely own land and have limited
access to credit and other services, but they bear much of the
responsibility for feeding and caring for families.
some of the biggest international food companies have made windfall
profits. Commodity-trader, Bunge, saw its profits in the second fiscal
quarter of 2008 increase by $583m, or quadruple, compared with the same
period last year. Nestlé's global sales grew nearly 9% in the first
half of 2008, and UK supermarket Tesco, has reported profits up 10%
from last year. Seed company, Monsanto, reported a 26% increase in
revenue to a record $3.6bn in the fiscal quarter that ended May 31,
"Misguided or inadequate national agricultural policies,
coupled with unfair trade rules and poor economic advice, has created a
situation where big traders and supermarkets are gaining from price
rises, and small farmers and consumers are losing out," said Cavero.
criticizes the international community's inadequate response - both in
terms of money and coordination. At an emergency meeting in Rome
earlier this year, $12.3bn was pledged for the food crisis, but little
more than $1bn has been disbursed so far. This is in stark contrast
with the response to the current financial crisis, where huge financial
resources have been mobilized by the international community in a
matter of days.
Cavero: "It is shocking that the international
community has failed to organize itself to respond adequately to this.
The UN taskforce produced a good plan - the Comprehensive Framework for
Action - but there is still not clear leadership to implement it.
Developing countries are being bombarded with different initiatives and
asked to produce multiple plans for different donors. We need to see
one coordinated international response, led by the UN, which channels
funds urgently to those in need, and leads on implementation of the