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In North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, wind turbines stand adjacent to a coal-fired power plant on November 18, 2020. (Photo: Oliver Berg/picture alliance via Getty Images)

In North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, wind turbines stand adjacent to a coal-fired power plant on November 18, 2020. (Photo: Oliver Berg/picture alliance via Getty Images)

Experts Sound Alarm as Coal and Gas Surge Pushes Emissions Close to Pre-Pandemic Levels

"The rapid rebound in emissions as economies recover from the pandemic reinforces the need for immediate global action on climate change."

Jake Johnson

After falling in 2020 due to coronavirus-related shutdowns, global carbon dioxide emissions are on pace to nearly reach pre-pandemic levels this year as powerful nations—including the United States—continue to burn fossil fuels at a dangerous clip.

"To stop further global warming, global CO2 emissions must stop or reach net-zero."

That's according to new research from the Global Carbon Project, which warned Thursday that "emissions from coal and gas use are set to grow more in 2021 than they fell in 2020"—an alarming finding that came as world leaders gathered in Glasgow, Scotland to discuss cooperative solutions to the climate emergency, including phasing out coal use.

Researchers for the project, an initiative led by dozens of institutions across the globe, estimated that global CO2 emissions will rise by 4.9% in 2021 after they fell 5.4% in the previous year. Planet-warming carbon emissions in both the U.S. and the European Union are on track to rise 7.6% this year, the experts found.

"The rapid rebound in emissions as economies recover from the pandemic reinforces the need for immediate global action on climate change," Professor Pierre Friedlingstein of the University of Exeter's Global Systems Institute, said in a statement. "The rebound in global fossil CO2 emissions in 2021 reflects a return towards the pre-Covid fossil-based economy. Investments in the green economy in post-Covid recovery plans of some countries have been insufficient so far, on their own, to avoid a substantial return close to pre-Covid emissions."

Corinne Le Quéré, a climate scientist at the University of East Anglia and one of the co-authors of the new report, told the Washington Post that the findings are "a reality check."

"It's really important what happens these next two weeks," Le Quéré said, referring to the COP26 talks. "All the emissions are back on their long-term trajectories."

The research team's latest report projects that the world is set to burn through its so-called "carbon budget"—the amount of CO2 nations can emit and still keep warming below 1.5°C by the end of the century—in just 11 years.

Scientists have warned that heating above 1.5°C would come with devastating consequences. In September, the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change said that inaction from world leaders has put the planet on a path to 2.7°C of warming by the end of the century.

"Reaching net zero CO2 emissions by 2050 entails cutting global CO2 emissions by about 1.4 billion tonnes each year on average," said Friedlingstein. "Emissions fell by 1.9 billion tonnes in 2020—so, to achieve net zero by 2050, we must cut emissions every year by an amount comparable to that seen during Covid. This highlights the scale of the action that is now required, and hence the importance of the COP26 discussions."

In an op-ed for The Conversation, Le Quéré, Friedlingstein, and other leaders of the Global Carbon Project argued that "the fast recovery in CO2 emissions, following last year's sharp drop, should come as no surprise" given that "the world's strong economic rebound has created a surge in demand for energy, and the global energy system is still heavily dependent on fossil fuels."

"Most concerning is the long-term upward trends of CO2 emissions from oil and gas, and this year's growth in coal emissions, which together are far from trending towards net-zero by 2050," the researchers wrote. "To stop further global warming, global CO2 emissions must stop or reach net-zero—the latter meaning that any remaining CO2 emissions would have to be compensated for by removing an equivalent amount from the atmosphere."

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Poll Shows Majority Oppose Supreme Court's Attack on Fundamental Rights

Fifty-six percent of respondents said they're now concerned the court will attack marriage equality and the right to obtain contraception.

Julia Conley ·

Global Windfall Profit Tax of 90% Needed to Address 'Catastrophic' Food, Climate Crises: Oxfam

Taxing the excess profits of large corporations within the G7 alone could raise an estimated $430 billion to fight world hunger, deliver vaccines to the entire world, and make a giant dent in the fight to drive down fossil fuel pollution and jumpstart the necessary renewable energy transition.

Jon Queally ·

NATO to Boost Ranks of High-Readiness Forces by 650% to Over 300,000

Anti-war campaigners responded that "this is not the path to peace and will not make the world safer."

Jake Johnson ·

Ilhan Omar Says Plan to Fix Supreme Court Must Include Impeachment Probes

"We need an impeachment investigation into Clarence Thomas' role in the January 6th coup, as well as into Gorsuch, Alito, Barrett, and Kavanaugh's testimony on Roe during their confirmation hearings," said the Minnesota Democrat.

Jake Johnson ·

Right-Wing Justices Should Be Impeached for Lying Under Oath, Says Ocasio-Cortez

"We have a responsibility to protect our democracy," said the New York Democrat. "That includes holding those in power who violate the law accountable."

Kenny Stancil ·

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