After losing two rounds in lower federal courts, a group of Indiana University students challenging the school\u0026#039;s coronavirus vaccine were dealt a final blow Thursday as the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the college\u0026#039;s vaccination requirement.\r\n\r\nIn the first coronavirus vaccine mandate challenge of its kind before the nation\u0026#039;s highest court, the eight Indiana University (I.U.) students requested an emergency order, arguing that they are adults who are \u0022entitled to make their own medical treatment decisions, and have a constitutional right to bodily integrity, autonomy, and of medical treatment choice in the context of a vaccination mandate.\u0022\u0026nbsp;\r\n\r\n\u0022I.U., however, is treating its students as children who cannot be trusted to make mature decisions,\u0022 they said, accusing university officials of substituting themselves \u0022for both the student and her attending physician, mandating a choice which is the student\u0026#039;s to make, based on her physician\u0026#039;s advice.\u0022\r\n\r\nJustice Amy Coney Barrett—who handles emergency appeals from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit—chose not to bring the matter before the full Supreme Court. She provided no explanation for her decision.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nEarlier this month, an all-Republican panel of judges on the 7th Circuit Court denied (pdf) a request to issue an injunction against I.U.\u0026#039;s vaccine mandate, upholding a lower federal court\u0026#039;s ruling.\r\n\r\nThe panel cited Jacobson v. Massachusetts, a 1905 U.S. Supreme Court decision holding that states can require all members of the public to be vaccinated against smallpox—a disease with a 30% mortality rate that killed millions of people each year until it was eradicated in the late 20th century following a worldwide vaccination campaign.\r\n\r\nGiven Jacobson, the 7th Circuit ruled, \u0022there can\u0026#039;t be a constitutional problem with vaccination against SARS-CoV-2,\u0022 the coronavirus that causes Covid-19.\r\n\r\nFurthermore, the court said that \u0022this case is easier than Jacobson,\u0022 because unlike Massachusetts\u0026#039; universal vaccine mandate at issue in that case, I.U. offers students medical and religious exemptions from vaccination.\r\n\r\nThe 7th Circuit judges also noted that students \u0022who do not want to be vaccinated may go elsewhere\u0022 for schooling.\r\n\r\n\u0022Many universities require vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, but many others do not,\u0022 they said. \u0022Plaintiffs have ample educational opportunities.\u0022\r\n\r\nAccording to the Chronicle of Higher Education, over 700 of the more than 5,000 accredited U.S. institutions of higher learning currently require students to be inoculated against the coronavirus.\r\n\r\nThursday\u0026#039;s Supreme Court move comes a day after California became the first state to require all school staff members to prove they are vaccinated against the coronavirus or submit to weekly Covid-19 testing, an approach endorsed by U.S. Education Secretary Miguel Cardona, American Federation of Teachers president Randi Weingarten, and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Dr. Anthony Fauci.