Critics accused U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito of departing from ethical rules requiring judges to be impartial and to refrain from appearing biased after he delivered an extraordinarily politicized public speech Thursday night.
In an unusually inflammatory virtual address to this year's Federalist Society National Lawyers Convention, Alito railed against Democrats—including five sitting U.S. senators—LGBTQ civil rights, the progressive movement, the nation's response to the Covid-19 pandemic, and more.
In a hyper-partisan speech to The Federalist Society last night, Justice Samuel Alito showed he can't be trusted to put the law ahead of his partisan politics.
Here he is attacking the Supreme Court decision that protects marriage equality: pic.twitter.com/RMsTUC9luZ
— Demand Justice (@WeDemandJustice) November 13, 2020
Perhaps the most alarming of Alito's remarks concerned Obergefell v. Hodges, the 2015 ruling that legalized same-sex marriage equality nationwide. While civil rights advocates hailed the 5-4 decision as an historic milestone and the most important civil rights case of the century, Alito—who voted against equality—sees things a bit differently. Citing his dissent in the case, he told the convention:
I wrote the following: "I assume that those who cling to old beliefs will be able to whisper their thoughts in the recesses of their homes. But if they repeat those views in public, they will risk being labeled as bigots, and treated as such by governments, employers, and schools." That is just what is coming to pass. One of the great challenges for the Supreme Court going forward will be to protect freedom of speech. Although that freedom is falling out of favor in some circles, we need to do whatever we can to prevent it from becoming a second-tier constitutional right.
Alito lamented that "religious liberty is fast becoming a disfavored right," citing as one example a Washington state law requiring pharmacies to offer emergency contraception pills. In attacking the requirement, Alito falsely claimed the pill—sold under the brand name Plan B—"destroys an embryo after fertilization."
And here is Justice Alito defending Masterpiece Cakeshop’s Jacks Phillips for refusing to bake a cake for a same-sex couple. Alito notes that the couple was offered a free cake elsewhere, then supported by “celebrity chefs.” pic.twitter.com/hZxdFJHyEI
— Mark Joseph Stern (@mjs_DC) November 13, 2020
Regarding public health measures to combat the coronavirus pandemic, Alito decried "previously unimaginable restrictions on individual liberty," a hyperbolic and historically mendacious comment that ignores the SCOTUS-sanctioned practices of slavery and Jim Crow segregation, the genocidal conquest and confinement of Native Americans, the internment of Japanese Americans in concentration camps, and other more recent events including President Donald Trump's Muslim travel ban—which Alito voted to uphold.
Jurists and journalists specializing in the law reacted with shock and disgust to Alito's speech. Writing in Slate, Mark Joseph Stern, a graduate of Georgetown University Law Center, said the justice is behaving like "a bitter partisan out to settle scores" with the nation's political left.
"Flouting his ethical obligations, Alito waded into fierce political debates over public health during a pandemic, reproductive rights, LGBTQ equality, and other issues that routinely come before his court," wrote Stern. "It is wildly inappropriate for a justice to assume the role of Fox News commentators, and unwise in light of progressives' mounting doubt about the Supreme Court's legitimacy."
This speech is like I woke up from a vampire dream. Unscrupulously biased, political, and even angry. I can’t imagine why Alito did this publicly. Totally inappropriate and damaging to the Supreme Court. https://t.co/f9THYgtSxV
— Kim Wehle (@kimwehle) November 13, 2020
How can litigants with claims on these issues now believe they can get a fair hearing from Alito? His comments erode trust & integrity in the Supreme Court. https://t.co/Qm9vapgGTa
— Midwin Charles (@MidwinCharles) November 13, 2020
I’m less worried about Justice Samuel Alito than the hundreds of culture warriors who think and speak just like him now serving throughout the federal judiciary.
— Cristian Farias (@cristianafarias) November 13, 2020
Referring to the Supreme Court's new conservative supermajority, Chris Geidner, director of strategy at the legal advocacy group Justice Collaborative, called Alito's remarks a "hyper-political, partisan speech."
"[Alito's] message in sum was: I'm free to say this now. We have the votes," Geidner tweeted.