A coalition of 20 organizations filed a lawsuit on Wednesday seeking to block the Trump administration's gutting of a law dubbed the "Magna Carta" of U.S. environmental legislation.
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), a five-decade old law, "embodies our nation's environmental conscience" and "expressly commands the federal government to 'fulfill the responsibilities of each generation as trustee of the environment for succeeding generations,'" according to the filing (pdf).
The White House announced earlier this month its revisions to the bedrock law affecting infrastructure including pipelines and dams, a revamp that Kristen Boyles, an Earthjustice attorney and co-counsel on the case, framed as the Trump administration wanting "to make it easier to silence people's voices and give polluters a free pass to bulldoze through our neighborhoods."
"That's why we're taking them to court," said Boyes.
Western Environmental Law Center joins Earthjustice in representing the groups including WE ACT for Environmental Justice, The Wilderness Society, and Alaska Community Action on Toxics—a coalition linked in their reliance "on NEPA to protect their varied interests in human health and the environment."
The groups name the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), which oversees implementation of NEPA, as plaintiff along with CEQ chairman Mary Neumayr.
The filing states that the "current administration explicitly admitted that it placed the interests of pipelines, fossil fuel energy production, and road building over that of environmental and public health," and explains that:
More than an update, the Final Rule upends virtually every aspect of NEPA and its longstanding practice, contradicts decades of court interpretations of NEPA's mandates, and undercuts the reliance placed on NEPA by the public, decision-makers, and project proponents. The Final Rule limits the scope of actions to which NEPA applies, eviscerates the thorough environmental analysis that lies at the heart of the statute, reduces the ability of the public to participate in federal agency decision-making, and seeks to limit judicial review of agency NEPA compliance. All told, the Final Rule frustrates Congress's manifest intent in enacting NEPA and threatens human health and the environment.
"We won't allow the Trump administration's scorched-earth attack on this bedrock environmental law to stand," Brett Hartl, government affairs director at Center for Biological Diversity, said in a statement.
"NEPA was designed to protect the most vulnerable among us and give folks a voice in what happens in their communities," said Hartl, and "was intended to ensure a healthy environment and safeguard wildlife for generations to come."
The law "was never about making special interests richer, until now," he said.
Susan Jane Brown, Western Environmental Law Center co-counsel, says her group is more than ready for the legal battle ahead.
"We have consistently defeated this administration's relentless, vicious dismantling of safeguards for people and the environment," she said, "and we will do so again for this critically important law."