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To Stop Far-Reaching Threat of Bolsonaro, 300+ Economists Sign Joint Declaration to Defend Brazil's Democracy

"We believe that democracy, search for peace, individual freedoms, plurality of opinions, tackling prejudice and inequalities (of income, race, regional and gender) are non-negotiable and essential values."

Demonstrators protest in favor of presidential candidate Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party on October 20, 2018 in Brasilia, Brazil.

Demonstrators protest in favor of presidential candidate Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party on October 20, 2018 in Brasilia, Brazil. The protests are held in several cities against far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro who is being investigated by the Higher Electoral Court and Federal Police for receiving illegal support from companies in buying services that trigger fake news via the Whatsapp application against candidate Fernando Haddad. (Photo: Victor Moriyama/Getty Images)

Faced with the looming threat that right-wing candidate Jair Bolsonaro could soon win the second-round of elections and become the next president of Brazil, hundreds of economists from across the country and around the globe have joined forces to declare their support for Fernando Haddad, the Workers' Party candidate, in order to save the nation's democracy and protect "essential values" like social inclusion, peace, and equal protection under the law.

"We believe that democracy, search for peace, individual freedoms, plurality of opinions, tackling prejudice and inequalities (of income, race, regional and gender) are non-negotiable and essential values." —Declaration of Economists in Support of Brazilian Democracy While not all signers of the declaration against Bolsonaro necessarily agree with every bit of Haddad's economic plan, they warn that a victory by the nation's regressive and far-right forces puts "Brazilian democracy and the institutions of the rule of Law" at stake.

According to Brazilian-American social scientist  Luísa Abbott Galvão in a piece posted to Common Dreams Monday, the Bolsonaro campaign was built on his "disdain for democracy and glorification of authoritarianism."

The candidate, Galvão explained, has "gained infamy worldwide for past comments praising torturers and for asserting during a 1999 televised appearance that the Brazilian dictatorship should have executed 'at least 30,000' people. As a presidential candidate, Bolsonaro has called for political opponents to be shot, promised to deny the legitimacy of any election results that don't declare him the winner, and refused to partake in debates ahead of the general elections." 

Additionally worrying, she added, is the manner in which the preferred candidate of the nation's wealthy and powerful elite "has capitalized on Brazil's deep economic and social inequality to push for an agenda that will undoubtedly drive even bigger rifts into the Brazilian socioeconomic fabric and further disenfranchise the country's most vulnerable people."

Posted in Portuguese here and in English below, the declaration signed by the hundreds of economists states: "We believe that democracy, search for peace, individual freedoms, plurality of opinions, tackling prejudice and inequalities (of income, race, regional and gender) are non-negotiable and essential values."

Read the full declaration and list of signatories below.

Declaration of Economists in Support of Brazilian Democracy

The signatories of this declaration have varying positions on economics; some, in fact, are outright critics of the economic policy adopted by the Workers' Party (PT) administrations. That said, what is at stake now is Brazilian democracy and the institutions of the Rule of Law.

We believe that democracy, search for peace, individual freedoms, plurality of opinions, tackling prejudice and inequalities (of income, race, regional and gender) are non-negotiable and essential values.

Therefore, it is imperative to have a position regarding the choice of the next Brazilian President. Fernando Haddad is, in this second round, the best alternative to ensure respect for these values.

We accordingly sign this declaration in support of his candidacy for political and economic stability, environmentally-sustainable development, social inclusion, and the fight against corruption. To ensure these democratic ends, we will maintain a critical and vigilant stance towards the elected government of Brazil in 2018.

Economistas que atuam no Brasil – Adesões iniciais

André M. Cunha
André Nassif
Adriana Amado
André Chagas
André Roncaglia
Antônio Correa de Lacerda
Arthur Amorim Bragança
Bernard Appy
Carlos Eduardo Carvalho
Carmen Feijó
Cristina Fróes de Borja Reis
Daniel Cerqueira
Daniela Magalhães Prates
Dante Aldrighi
Darlene Dias
David Kupfer
Eduardo Correia de Souza
Eliane Cristina Araújo
Esther Dweck
Eustáquio Reis
Fernanda G. Cardoso
Frederico Gonzaga Jayme Jr.
Geraldo Biasoto Jr.
Gilberto Tadeu Lima
Hedibert Freitas Lopes
Joaquim P. Andrade
João Sayad
José Heleno Faro
José Luis Oreiro
José Roberto Afonso
Júlio Sergio Gomes de Almeida
Laura Carvalho
Leda Maria Paulani
Lena Lavinas
Leonardo Weller
Lucia Helena Salgado
Luciano Coutinho
Luiz Carlos Bresser Pereira
Luiz Gonzaga de Mello Belluzzo
Luiz Fernando de Paula
Manoel Carlos de Castro Pires
Marcia Bezerra
Marcio Favilla Lucca de Paula
Maria Luiza Falcão
Maria Sylvia Saes
Marta Castilho
Mauro Boianovsky
Monica Viegas
Naercio Aquino Menezes Filho
Nelson Marconi
Nelson Henrique Barbosa Filho
Paulo Furquim de Azevedo
Paulo Nogueira Batista Jr.
Ramon Garcia Fernandez
Reynaldo Fernandes
Ricardo Carneiro
Rudinei Toneto Jr
Sérgio Gobetti
Thiago Fonseca Morello

Economistas que atuam no Brasil 

Aderbal Oliveira Damasceno
Adhemar Mineiro
Adriana Nunes Ferreira
Adroaldo Quintela
Afrânio Garcia Jr.
Alberto Di Sabbato
Alain Herscovici
Alexis Toríbio Dantas
Aline Souza Magalhães
Amanda de Albuquerque
Ana Célia Castro
AnaCecília Milagres
Ana Flávia Machado
Ana Maria Hermeto C. de Oliveira
Ana Urraca Ruiz
André Martins Biancarelli
André de Melo Modenesi
André Mourthe de Oliveira
André Nassif
Andréa Simone Rente Leão
Andrés Ferrari Haines
Anna Mortara
Beatriz Macchione Saes
Bernardo P. Campolina Diniz
Betty Nogueira Rocha
Biancca Castro
Bruno M. de Conti
Camila Kimie Ugino
Carolina T. Baltar
Carlos A. Medeiros
Carlos Gadelha
Carlos Henrique Lopes Rodrigues
Carlos Mielitz
Cássio Garcia Ribeiro
Clélio Campolina Diniz
Cristiane Garcez
Cristina Lemos
Daniele da Rocha Faria
Débora Freire
Denis Maracci Gimenez
Denise Gentil
Ebenézer Pereira Couto
Edison Rodrigues Barreto Jr
Eduardo Costa Pinto
Elena Soihet
Eliana Ribeiro da Silva
Enéas G. de Carvalho
Ernani Torres
Fabio Sá Earp
Fábio Terra
Fabricio Missio
Flávio Azevedo Marques de Saes
Fernando Amorim Teixeira
Francisco de Assis Costa
Francisco Luiz C. Lopreato
Frederico Mazzucchelli
Gabriela Freitas da Cruz
George Flexor
Gilberto de Assis Libânio
Guilherme Delgado
Guilherme Grandi
Gustavo Britto
Helena Lastres
Henrique Tahan Novaes
Hugo Eduardo A. da G. Cerqueira
Igor Briguiet
Ilmar Ferreira Silva
Isabela Nogueira
Jennifer Hermann
João Hallak Neto
João Romero
João Saboia
José Carlos Braga
José Celso Cardoso Jr
José Eduardo Cassiolato
Jose Gabriel Porcile Meirelles
José Jorge Gebara
José Sergio Leite Lopes
Kaio Vital da Costa
Karina Kato
Laura Schiavon
Lauro Mattei
Leon Santiago Mendes Suhett
Leonardo Marco Muls
Lilian Nogueira Rolim
Lourival Batista de Oliveira Júnior
Luiz Antônio Elias
Luiz Martins de Melo
Mauro Boianovsky
Marcos Antônio Macedo Cintra
Marcelo Miterhof
Márcio Wohlers
Margarita Silvia Olivera
Margarida Batista
Maria Antonieta Del Tedesco Lins
Maria Carolina Capistrano
Maria Cristina Penido de Freitas
Maria de Lourdes Rollemberg Mollo
Maria Luiza Falcão Silva
Maria Luiza Levi
Mariana Ribeiro Jansen Ferreira
Marina Sequetto Pereira
Mario Marcos Sampaio Rodarte
Maryse Farhi
Mateus Girafa Lachtermacher
Mauricio Borges Lemos
Mauricio Muniz
Mauro Arruda
Mauro Osório
Miguel Bruno
Milena Fernandes de Oliveira
Nathalia Crissia Posena
Niemeyer Almeida Filho
Nilson Maciel de Paula
Nina Quintanilha Araújo
Norberto Montani Martins
Paula Alexandra Nazareth
Paulo Baltar
Paulo Guimarães
Paulo Sérgio Fracalanza
Pedro Amaral
Peter May
Raquel A. Ramos
Renata Lèbre La Rovere
Renata Lins
René de Carvalho
Ricardo Henriques
Ricardo Machado Ruiz
Ricardo Meilman Cohn
Ricardo Schaeffer
Roberto Vermulm
Rogério Gomes
Sandro Augusto Viégas Leão
Simone Deos
Thiago Mandarino
Ulisses Pereira dos Santos
Vitor Pereira
Walter Tadahiro Shima
Wilnês Henrique
Zina Angélica Cáceres Benavides

Economistas que atuam no exterior 

George Akerlof, USA – Prêmio Nobel em Economia, 2001
Adam Aboobaker , USA
Agnès Labrousse, França
Ajit Zacharias, USA
Alan Cibils, Argentina
Alberto Botta, UK
Alessandro Caiani, Itália
Alexander Guschanski, UK
Alfredo Saad Filho, UK
Amit Bhaduri, Índia
Amitava Krishna Dutt, USA
Andrea Califano , Itália
Andrea Roventini, Itália
Angel Vilariño Sanz, Espanha
Anne Eydoux, França
Annina Kaltenbunner, UK
Antoine Mandel, França
Antonella Stirati, Itália
Avinash Persaud, UK
Barbara Fritz , Alemanha
Bernhard Leubolt, Bélgica
Bhola Khan, Nigéria
Bill Black, USA
Brittany Nicole McGhee, Alemanha
Bruno Bonizzi, UK
Bruno Thèret, França
Byasdeb Dasgupta, Índia
C.P. Chandrasekhar, India
Carlo D’Ippoliti, Itália
Carlos A. Carrasco, Mexico
Carlos Mielitz, Itália
Carmen Diana Deere, USA
Christian Gehrke, Áustria
Claire Pignol, França
Dani Rodrik, USA
Daria Pignalosa, Itália
Dominique Plihon
Edwin Le Heron, França
Eileen Appelbaum, USA
Eric Berr, França
Eugenio Caverzasi, Itália
Federico Tamagni, Itália
Fiona Tregenna, África do Sul
Francisco Louçã, Portugal
Fred Mosseley, UK
Frido Wenten, UK
Gary Dymski, UK
Gennaro Zezza, Itália
Gerald Epstein, USA
Giorgio Fagiolo, Itália
Giovanni Villavicencio, México
Ha-Joon Chang, UK
Hee-Young Shin, USA
Hulya Dagdeviren, UK
Heinz D. Kurz, Áustria
Ilhan Dögüs, Alemanha
Ilias Alami, Holanda
Imko Meyenburg, UK
Ingo Schmidt, Canadá
Isabel Ortiz, USA
Iván Velásquez, USA
Jaime Marques Pereira
Jaime Ros, México
James Galbraith, USA
Jan Kregel, USA
Jan Priewe, Alemanha
Jayati Ghosh, Índia
Jean-François Ponsot, França
Jeff Madrick, USA
Jessica Sklair, UK
John Hall, USA
John Williamson, USA
John Willoughby, USA
Jonathan Marie, França
Jorge Buzaglo, Suécia
Jorge Garcia-Arias, Espanha
Jorim Gerrard, França
Jose Gabriel Palma, UK
Juan Grigera, Argentina
Julimar Bichara, Espanha
Kevin Costa, França
Lance Taylor, USA
Leonardo E. Stanley, Argentina
Leslie Carnoye, França
Lionello Franco Punzo, Itália
Louison Cahen-Fourot, Áustria
Luana Ladu, Alemanha
Luca Zamparelli, Itália
Luis Bertola, Uruguay
Machiko Nissanke, UK
Manfred Max-Nee, Chile
Marco Mazzoli, Itália
Marco Missaglia, Itália
Marco Valente, Itália
Margarida Antunes, Portugal
Maria Cristina Barbieri Góes, Itália
Maria Cristina Marcuzzo, Itália
Maria Savona, UK
Marianna Mazzucato, UK
Mario Cassetti, Itália
Mario Tonveronachi, Itália
Mark Setterfield, USA
Mark Weisbrot, USA
Mary C. King, USA
Martha Carro Fernández, Espanha
Mathieu Beraud, França
Matías Vernengo, USA
Matteo Deleidi, Itália
Matthieu Montalban, França
Maurin Masselin, França
Mauro gallegati, Itália
Mauro Napoletano, França
Mauro Virgino de Sena e Silva, Inglaterra
Megan Ward, Alemanha
Michel Heinrich, Alemanha
Michael Lipton, UK
Michael Meeropol, USA
Michael Roberts, UK
Mogens Ove Madsen, Dinamarca
Monika Meireles, Mexico
Mritiunjoy Mohanty, Índia
Murat Yildizoglu, França
Natalya Naqvi, UK
Nathalie Coutinet, França
Nicolas Piluso, França
Nicolette Cattaneo, África do Sul
Nikolaos Karagiannis, USA
Noemi Levy Orlik, Mexico
Oscar Ugarteche, México
Ozlem Onaran, UK
Patricia E.  Perkins, Canadá
Patrick Bond, África do Sul
Paul Hudson, USA
Paul Mason, UK
Peter Dorman, USA
Philip Arestis, UK
Philippe Légé, França
Pierre Salama, França
Stephany Griffith-Jones, UK
Richard Parker, USA
Robert A. Blecker, USA
Roberto Frenkel, Argentina
Robert Guttmann, França
Roberto Veneziani, UK
Robin Hahnel, USA
Robin King , USA
Rodrigo Adão, USA
Sebastian Gechert, Alemanha
Sergio Cesaratto, Itália
Steven Fazzari , USA
Sunanda Sen, Índia
Susanne Soederberg, Canadá
Terry McKinley, UK
Thierry Kirat, França
Thomas Palley, USA
Thorvaldur Gylfason, Islândia
Torsten Niechoj, Alemanha
Valpy FitzGerald, UK
Venkatesh Athreya, Índia
Victor Manuel Isidro Luna, México
Yanis Varoufakis, Grécia
Yilmaz Akyüz, Suiça

 

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