Skip to main content

Sign up for our newsletter.

Quality journalism. Progressive values. Direct to your inbox.

The ACLU and other social justice groups argue that California lawmakers' elimination of the cash bail system does not go far enough to end lengthy, racially-biased detention. (Photo: Jason Farrar/Flickr/cc)

Trailblazing California Law Abolishes Cash Bail, But Rights Groups Warn It Won't End Unjust Pre-Trial Detentions

"The good news is that the cash bail industry will disappear in California...The bad news is that as written, the new law potentially gives judges and prosecutors extraordinary detention powers. That's not bail reform."

Julia Conley

While applauding the end of the cash bail system in California, civil rights groups on Wednesday pushed back against reports that a new measure signed into law this week achieved truly far-reaching criminal justice reform, and noted that judges are still likely to subject accused citizens to lengthy, racially-biased detentions.

Gov. Jerry Brown (D-Calif.) signed the California Money Bail Reform Act (SB10) days after the state Assembly passed the legislation in a 41-27 vote. The law is set to go into effect in October 2019.

But the legislation does nothing to end unfair pre-trial detentions which cause job loss, housing instability, and trauma for many suspects and their families, noted the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).

The law also "lacks protections against racial bias," Natasha Minsker, director of the ACLU's California Center for Advocacy & Policy, told the New York Times.

Under the law, the state's judicial council will create a system to assess suspects as low-, moderate-, and high-risk for posing a danger to the community or fleeing before their trial. The criteria they will use to make such assessments remains unclear.

"It gives pretty much all the power to judges who, for the most part, were the major culprit in high incarceration rates, particularly of poor people, because they would use high bail in order to keep someone behind bars," public defender Jeff Adachi told Mother Jones.

After endorsing the bill for two years, the Essie Justice Group—a California-based prison reform advocacy group formed by women whose loved ones have been incarcerated—withdrew its support two weeks before it passed, citing changes to the bill's language which would send the state "on a path to more incarceration, not less."

The law, the group said in a statement, "legitimizes the mass incarceration of people pretrial through a 'rebuttable presumption' of detention" and "entrenches race, gender, and socioeconomic bias in the criminal justice system through a heavy reliance on risk assessment tools."

"It gives pretty much all the power to judges who, for the most part, were the major culprit in high incarceration rates, particularly of poor people, because they would use high bail in order to keep someone behind bars." —Jeff Adachi, public defenderPrison reform advocates have been pushing aggressively for cash bail reform in recent years, arguing that the system punishes accused offenders and their families for living in poverty or even simply lacking disposable income. In California, the median amount a judge has ordered families to come up with in order to allow their loved one to go free while awaiting trial is $50,000, according to the Public Policy Institute of California. For the rest of the nation, the median bail amount is $10,000—still unfeasible for many American families, 40 percent of whom can't afford a $400 emergency expense.  

"The financial burden of this fee harms individuals, it harms families, and it disproportionately affects Black and low-income communities," wrote the ACLU in a report last year. "The only winner is the bottom line of big for-profit businesses" which sell and insure bail bonds.

Kentucky, New Mexico, and New Jersey have curbed their use of cash bail, but California is the first state to abolish the practice.

Demanding that lawmakers go further to protect Californians from unfair detention, Essie Justice Group vowed to "join forces with attorneys to litigate the unconstitutionality of SB10 and explore the launch of community oversight initiatives to monitor and check judicial behavior and prosecutorial conduct under this new regressive policy."

Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0). Feel free to republish and share widely.

We've had enough. The 1% own and operate the corporate media. They are doing everything they can to defend the status quo, squash dissent and protect the wealthy and the powerful. The Common Dreams media model is different. We cover the news that matters to the 99%. Our mission? To inform. To inspire. To ignite change for the common good. How? Nonprofit. Independent. Reader-supported. Free to read. Free to republish. Free to share. With no advertising. No paywalls. No selling of your data. Thousands of small donations fund our newsroom and allow us to continue publishing. Can you chip in? We can't do it without you. Thank you.

EPA Urged to 'Finish the Job' After Latest Move to Protect Bristol Bay From Pebble Mine

"Local residents, scientists, and the broader public all agree that this is quite simply a bad place for a mine, and it is past time for the EPA to take Pebble off the table permanently," said one activist in Alaska.

Jessica Corbett ·

'Zero Tolerance for Corruption': Grijalva, Porter Demand Answers on Alleged Trump Pardon Bribery Scheme

The Democrats believe a real estate developer donated to a Trump-aligned super PAC in exchange for the pardons of two other men.

Julia Conley ·

Millions of Americans Lack Adequate Health Coverage, But the Pentagon Has a New Nuclear Bomber to Flaunt

"This ominous death machine, with its price tag of $750 million a pop, brings huge profits to Northrop Grumman but takes our society one more step down the road of spiritual death," peace activist Medea Benjamin said of the new B-21 Raider.

Brett Wilkins ·

Betrayal of Railway Workers Ignites Working-Class Fury Toward Biden and Democrats

"Politicians are happy to voice platitudes and heap praise upon us for our heroism throughout the pandemic," said one rail leader. "Yet when the steel hits the rail, they back the powerful and wealthy Class 1 rail carriers every time."

Jessica Corbett ·

With GOP House Control Looming, Pascrell Calls for Swift Release of Trump Tax Records

"Donald Trump tried to hide his tax returns from our oversight but after 1,329 days we have finally obtained the documents," said the New Jersey Democrat. "We should review and release them."

Kenny Stancil ·

Common Dreams Logo