In its new annual report, Amnesty International documents "the struggle of many people to claim their rights, and the failures of governments to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights," in 159 countries and territories over the past year.
"As we enter 2018, the year in which the Universal Declaration of Human Rights turns 70, it is abundantly clear that none of us can take any of our human rights for granted."
—Salil Shetty, Amnesty International
"As we enter 2018, the year in which the Universal Declaration of Human Rights turns 70, it is abundantly clear that none of us can take any of our human rights for granted," Amnesty International secretary general Salil Shetty writes in the foreward of the report, which details how, "faced with unprecedented challenges across the world, people have shown repeatedly that their thirst for justice, dignity, and equality will not be extinguished."
Shetty outlines human rights abuses around the globe, while also noting that 2017 "demonstrated the enduring willingness of people to stand up for their rights and for the values they want to see in the world." He urges advocates to continue their fights.
"We certainly cannot take for granted that we will be free to gather together in protest or to criticize our governments. Neither can we take for granted that social security will be available when we are old or incapacitated; that our babies can grow up in cities with clean, breathable air; or that as young people we will leave school to find jobs that enable us to buy a home," he concludes. "The coming year provides a vital opportunity for a renewed commitment to the transformative idea of human rights, as we ask what kind of societies we want to live in. We must not squander it."
The report includes five regional overviews—one each for Africa, the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa—in addition to detailed reports from various nations and territories. It also features a "Spotlight on Austerity," which describes the impacts of cuts to government spending and tax increases through which officials aim to reduce public debt.
"Since the financial crisis of 2008, austerity has become a familiar term and experience for millions of people," the report notes. "Austerity is a human rights issue. It affects people's access to education, health, housing, social security, and other economic and social rights. It also leads to abuses of civil and political rights, as governments respond to protests and other dissent in draconian ways or cut services that affect access to justice, such as legal aid."
In an interactive map of "human rights hot spots" around the world, which was published on the group's website with the report, a descriptor attached to the U.S. pin notes how "the shockwaves from Trump's presidency were felt globally," and the numerous ways the Trump administration has failed to protect the rights of U.S. citizens and others.
While, in the report's forward, Shetty denounces leaders of wealthy countries who have "continued to approach the global refugee crisis with a blend of evasion and outright callousness," he highlights the approach of U.S. President Donald Trump, whose efforts "to ban entry to all citizens of several Muslim-majority countries based on their nationality was a transparently hateful move."
- women's rights—attacks were "broad and multi-faceted";
- rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex people—murders of LGBTI people skyrocked while discriminatory measures by the government also increased;
- counterterrorism and security;
- torture and ill-treatment;
- excessive use of force—"authorities continued to fail to track the exact number of people killed by law enforcement officials";
- gun violence; and
- the death penalty—eight states executed a total of at least 23 men.