Hours before the Senate is set to vote Tuesday on whether to repeal the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) broadly popular arbitration rule—which bars companies from using "rip off clauses" to prevent consumers from filing or joining class action lawsuits—Public Citizen and other advocacy groups warned that any move to scrap the CFPB's measure would permit "predatory banks, payday lenders, credit card companies, and other financial institutions to cheat and defraud their customers."
"Big banks, the financial industry and their allies in Congress are trying to overturn the arbitration rule because it will deprive them of a means to rip off consumers with impunity."
—Amanda Werner, Public Citizen"The vote on this rule is a litmus test of whose side you're on: Main Street consumers or big banks," Amanda Werner, arbitration campaign manager for Public Citizen and Americans for Financial Reform, said in a statement on Tuesday. "Big banks, the financial industry and their allies in Congress are trying to overturn the arbitration rule because it will deprive them of a means to rip off consumers with impunity."
While it is not clear which way the Senate will vote—Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) needs 50 senators to support the move, and five Republicans have yet to indicate that they are a "yes"—the Trump White House has not shied away from indicating that it is firmly on the side of Wall Street.
The Treasury Department, headed by ex-Goldman Sachs banker Steve Mnuchin, took what has been described as an "unusual" step on Monday by publicly releasing a report (pdf) slamming the CFPB's rule, arguing that it is a "giveaway to class-action attorneys."
But in a piece for The Intercept on Tuesday, David Dayen notes that Treasury's report relies "heavily on a discredited industry theory."
"Claims that CFPB used misleading data and failed to recognize that consumers fare better in arbitration (which isn't true) come directly from a Koch-funded Mercatus Center study, which the Treasury report cites," Dayen notes.
The Treasury Department also attempts to argue that the CFPB's rule opens the door to "frivolous" lawsuits and so-called "blackmail settlements." But Dayen notes that the "blackmail theory" is a meritless "rhetorical weapon" used by corporations that want "blanket protection from lawsuits of any kind."
"They would rather steer consumer disputes away from the courts entirely and put them into an arbitration setting where the deck is stacked against the ordinary person from gaining any restitution," Dayen concludes.
Judging by opinion polls, the public appears to agree with Dayen and the pro-consumer Fair Arbitration Now coalition, which announced on Tuesday that nearly 100,000 Americans have signed a petition supporting the CFPB's rule.
Survey after survey conducted by both progressive and conservative organizations has found that Americans overwhelmingly support for the CFPB's ban on forced arbitration, which Werner of Public Citizen denounced as a "rigged game, one that the bank nearly always wins."
"It's no secret why lawmakers want to hand financial companies a Get Out of Jail Free card. The financial industry has given more than $100 million in campaign contributions to lawmakers opposed to the rule," Werner observed. "These contributions help explain why lawmakers are willing to aid and abet big banks in ripping off their own constituents despite overwhelming bipartisan support for the rule."
Ahead of the Senate's expected vote on Tuesday, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.)—who spearheaded the creation of the CFPB—posted a video outlining the what is at stake for consumers.