American Occupation Casts Long Shadows Over Okinawa

Memorial Day, America honored its war dead. Across the Pacific
Ocean, the ghosts of war continue to haunt the coastline of Japan, now
awash in political angst over the military base on the island of

This week, the Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama announced his resignation, bringing to an end a
short reign marred by public outrage over Okinawa. Earlier, he had apologized profusely to the public for reneging on
his earlier commitment to get rid of the U.S. military presence looming
over the small island. For years, local communities have grown
increasingly frustrated and disgusted with the legacy of the postwar
American occupation. The noise disruption and fears of violence and
crime related to the base have strained the relationship between
service members and the civilians whose land has been taken over in the
name of security.

After months of campaigning and massive protest, public opinion
about Japan's conciliatory posture toward the U.S. (no doubt influenced
by tensions surrounding North and South Korea) has
, in large part because Hatoyama campaigned on a
promise of removing
the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma from the island.

Many hoped the Prime Minister would revise a 2006 accord with the
U.S. and move the base off its current location, a bustling urban area.
But the government ran into logistical hurdles and in the end caved to its own political timidity.

The AP reports:

The move infuriated Okinawans who have long shouldered
heavy U.S. military presence. Okinawa alone houses more than half of
the 47,000 U.S. troops in Japan, stationed under a bilateral defense

For years, Okinawans have complained about base-related noise,
pollution and crime, and many want the military presence on the island
reduced or the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma moved off the island

A separate survey by the Yomiuri, Japan's top-selling
showed Monday some 81 percent of respondents disapproved of Hatoyama's
decision to keep the U.S. base on Okinawa. Nearly 60 percent called for
his resignation over the issue.

John Chan sums up the back story on

Concerns about pollution, accidents and the economic
are bound up with wider anti-militarist sentiments.

Okinawa played a significant role as a springboard for the
wars in Korea and Vietnam, provoking sustained demonstrations against
the latter, and the US military presence, in the late 1960s and early
1970s. The region remained under direct US administration until 1972
when protests forced its return to Japanese control. Controversy flared
again after the brutal rape of a young schoolgirl by US servicemen in

The animosity toward Okinawa isn't just about national pride or
sovereignty. It reflects a deeper historical grievance against the U.S.
military presence in Asia
since the monstrous, racially charged brutality of World War II. In the wake of the mushroom cloud,
Japanese imperialism yielded to Washington's soft colonialism. The Cold War's Pax Americana projected U.S. power through a
network of military outposts from Guam to South Korea, paving the way
for more bloodbaths in Vietnam.

So today, Japan's body politic is struggling to cast off
Washington's dominion, while the Obama administration brandishes a new foreign policy framework based on tempered
liberal internationalism and "soft power." But it doesn't look like
leaders on either side of the Pacific are willing to break the status
quo left by their predecessors. The Okinawa base still stands as a
symbol of an invidious occupation, and the communities living in the
shadow of the U.S. hegemony every day grow more and more resentful of
their "protectors."

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