Barack Obama, Torture Enabler

America is a nation of laws--laws enforced by Spain.

John Yoo, Jay Bybee, David Addington, Alberto
Gonzales, William Haynes and Douglas Feith wrote, authorized and
promulgated the Justice Department "torture memos" that the Bush
Administration used for legal cover. After World War II, German lawyers
for the Ministry of Justice went to prison for similar actions.

We've known about Yoo et al.'s crimes for years.
Yet--unlike their victims--they're free as birds, fluttering around,
writing op/ed columns...and teaching. At law school!

Obama has failed to match changes of tone with changes
in substance on the issue of Bush's war crimes. "We need to look
forward as opposed to looking backwards," he answered when asked
whether he would investigate America's worst human rights abuses since
World War II. Indeed, there's no evidence that Obama's Justice
Department plans to lift a finger to hold Bush or his henchmen

"They should arrest Obama for trying to impersonate a President," one wag commented on The San Francisco Chronicle's website.

Fortunately for those who care about U.S. law, there
are Spanish prosecutors willing to do their job. Baltasar Garzon, the
crusading prosecutor who went after General Augusto Pinochet in the
'90s, will likely subpoena the Dirty Half Dozen within the next few
weeks. "It would have been impossible to structure a legal framework
that supported what happened [in Guantanamo]" without Gonzales and his
pals," argues the criminal complaint filed in Madrid.

When the six miscreants ignore their court dates (as
they surely will), Spain will issue international arrest warrants
enforceable in the 25 countries that are party to European extradition
treaties. All hail King Juan Carlos I!

Which brings us to a leaked report by the Red Cross,
famous for its traditional reticence to confront governments. Which
means that physicians are enjoined to do no harm. Doctors are
prohibited by their ethical code of conduct from attending, much less
participating in, torture. (What does this have to do with Bush's
lawyers? Hold on. I'm getting there.)

The Red Cross found that CIA doctors, nurses and/or
paramedics "monitored prisoners undergoing waterboarding, apparently to
make sure they did not drown. Medical workers were also present when
guards confined prisoners in small boxes, shackled their arms to the
ceiling, kept them in frigid cells and slammed them repeatedly into
walls," reports The New York Times.

"Even if the medical worker's intentions had been to
prevent death or permanent injury," the report said, they would have
violated medical ethics. But they weren't there to protect anyone but
the CIA. They even "condoned and participated in ill
treatment....[giving] instructions to interrogators to continue, to
adjust or to stop particular methods." Charming.

Since 1945, at least 70 doctors around the world have
been prosecuted for participating in torture. But not Bush's CIA
torture facilitators. Not by this president. Asked to comment on the
Red Cross report, a spokesman for CIA director Leon Panetta replied
that Panetta "has stated repeatedly that no one who took actions based
on legal guidance from the Department of Justice at the time should be
investigated, let alone punished." (There's the lawyer connection.)

Which is similar to what Obama said about the
torturers: "At the CIA, you've got extraordinarily talented people who
are working very hard to keep Americans safe. I don't want them to
suddenly feel like they've got to spend all their time looking over
their shoulders and lawyering up." Don't you just hate being micromanaged when you're torturing people?

Ah, the great shell game of American justice. You
can't prosecute the torturers because their lawyers advised them that
torture was OK. You can't prosecute the lawyers because all they did
was theorize--they didn't torture anyone. You can't prosecute
the president and vice president who ordered the torture because they
have "executive privilege" and, anyway, who would put a head of state
on trial? What is this, Peru?

What's the flip side of a victimless crime? A perpless crime?

It's a neat circle, or would be if it fit, but drink
some coffee and let the caffeine do its thing and it soon becomes
apparent that it doesn't come close. The trouble for the Bushies, and
now for Obama--they're his torturers now--is that lawyers are bound by
a higher code than following orders.

Yoo, Bybee, Addington, Gonzales, Haynes and Feith were
asked by the White House to come up with legal cover for what they knew
or ought to have known were illegal acts under U.S. law, international
law, and treaties including the Geneva Conventions (which were ratified
by the U.S. and therefore hold the force of U.S. law). Since they don't
deny what they did--indeed, they continue to justify it--their presumed
defense if they wound up on trial in Europe would be that they were
just following orders.

However, the decision in the 1948 trials of German
attorneys immortalized in the fictionalized film "Judgment at
Nuremberg" makes clear that a lawyer's duty is to the law--not his
government. And not just his own country's law--international law.

The Nuremberg tribunal acknowledged that Nazi Germany
was an absolute dictatorship in which everyone answered to Adolf Hitler
and could be shot for disobeying. Nevertheless, the court ruled, "there
were [German] restrictions for Hitler under international law." Despite
his total legal authority within Germany, Hitler "could issue orders
[that violated] international law." Obeying a direct order from Hitler,
in other words, was illegal if it violated international law. And
German lawyers went to prison for doing just that.

The six lawyers about to face charges in Spain didn't
have to worry about Nazi firing squads. They were rank opportunists
trying to advance their careers in an Administration that viewed laws
as quaint, inconvenient obstacles. Here's how not scared they are:
Feith recently penned an op/ed in The Wall Street Journal daring--double-daring--Obama's Justice Department to go after him.

"If President Barack Obama and the prosecutors see a crime to be prosecuted, they can act," Feith wrote.

One can only hope. In the meantime, we'll always have Spain.

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